Event Management (Back Issues)

Editor: Kenneth Backman

ISSN: 1525-9951.; E-ISSN: 1943-4308

Softbound

Single issues

(Scroll down to view tables of contents for all Volumes and Issues)

VOLUME 18, NUMBER 1

SPECIAL ISSUE
PROFESSIONALIZATION AND EVENT MANAGEMENT

Guest Editors: Martin Robertson, Olga Junek, and Leonie Lockstone-Binney

Introduction: Professionalization and Event Management
Martin Robertson, Olga Junek, and Leonie Lockstone-Binney, Guest Editors

Educating the 21st Century Event Management Graduate: Pedagogy, Practice, Professionalism, and Professionalization
Charles Bladen and James Kennell

Emerging Professionalism in the Event Industry: A Practitioner’s Perspective
Steve Brown

Event Management Education and Professionalism: The View From the Trenches
Jeff Jiang and Steven Wood Schmader

The Professionalization of Festival Organizations: A Relational Approach to Knowledge Management
Raphaela Stadler, Simone Fullagar, and Sacha Reid

Business Events and Friendship: Leveraging the Sociable Legacies
Carmel Foley, Deborah Edwards, and Katie Schlenker

The Motives of Ambassadors in Bidding for International Association Meetings and Events
Leonie Lockstone-Binney, Paul Whitelaw, Martin Robertson, Olga Junek, and Ian Michael

The Gran Fondo and Sportive Experience: An Exploratory Look at Cyclists’ Experiences and Professional Event Staging
Graham Berridge

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 4

Marketing Strategy to Increase Exhibition Attendance Through Controlling and Eliminating Leisure Constraints
Daehui Peter Lee and Radesh Palakurthi

Considering Cultural Influences in Volunteer Satisfaction and Commitment
Sheranne Fairley, Younghan Lee, B. Christine Green, and Mi Lyang Kim

Visitors’ Motivations in Attending an Ethnic Minority Cultural Festival: A Case Study of the Feŝta Croatian Food and Wine Festival, South Australia
Sangkyun Kim, Ana Savinovic, and Steve Brown

Special Sports Events Section

A Study of Psychological Support From Local Residents for Hosting Mega-Sporting Events: A Case of the 2012 Indianapolis Super Bowl XLVI
Soonhwan Lee and Brian D. Krohn

Residents’ Perceptions of the Inaugural Youth Olympic Games 2010: A Cluster Analysis
Michael Chiam and Elaine Cheng

Segmentation of Cycling Event Participants: A Two-Step Cluster Method Utilizing Recreation Specialization
Matthew Lamont and John Jenkins

Motivation-Based Segments of the Sulkava Rowing Race Event Visitors
Maria Karvonen and Raija Komppula

Large Sporting Events and Economic Growth: Evidence From Economic Consequences of Event Infrastructure and Venues
ShiNa Li

Using Scenarios to Investigate Stakeholders’ Views on the Future of a Sporting Event
Miguel Moital, Caroline Jackson, and Jenna Le Couillard

BOOK REVIEW

Olympic Ceremonialism and the Performance of National Character, From London 2012 to Rio 2016 (Rodanthi Tzanelli)
Korstanje Maximiliano

Volume 17 Subject and Author Index 457

 

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 3

Assessing the Viability of First-Time and Repeat Visitors to an International Jazz Festival in South Africa
Martinette Kruger and Melville Saayman

Factors Influencing Grant and Sponsorship Revenue for Festivals
T. D. Andersson, D. Getz, J. Mykletun, K. Jæger, and H. Dolles

Festivals, Identities, and Belonging
Kari Jaeger and Reidar J. Mykletun

At the Nexus of Leisure and Event Studies
Ian Patterson and Donald Getz

A Portrait of the US Fair Sector
J. M. Lillywhite, J. E. Simonsen, and B. J. H. Wilson

Confirming the Festival Social Impact Attitude Scale in the Context of a Rural Texas Cultural Festival
Kyle M. Woosnam, Christine M. Van Winkle, and Seonhee An

Estimating Consumer’s Willingness-to-Pay for Participation in and Traveling to Marathon Events
Pamela Wicker and Kirstin Hallmann

A Stakeholder Approach to Attendee Segmentation: A Case Study of an Australian Christian Music Festival
Aaron Tkaczynski

Market Niches and the Perceptual Economic Impacts on a Remote Alpine Village: The BRITS Week in Laax
Ian Jenkins and Ruth Rios-Morales

Determining Business Event Legacies Beyond the Tourism Spend: An Australian Case Study Approach
Carmel Foley, Katie Schlenker, Deborah Edwards, and Lyn Lewis-Smith

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 2

Development of a Scale for Measuring Event Attendees’ Evaluations of a Sporting Event to Determine Loyalty
James F. Petrick, Gregg Bennett, and Yosuke Tsuji

Conceptualizing Sport Event Legacy
Alana Thomson, Katie Schlenker, and Nico Schulenkorf

Differences in Perceived Destination Image and Event Satisfaction Among Cultural Visitors: The Case of the European Biennial of Contemporary Art “Manifesta 7”
Harald Pechlaner, Giulia Dal Bò, and Sabine Pichler

The “Right” Person for the Job: Exploring the Aesthetics of Labor Within the Events Industry
Katherine L. Dashper

Motives of Visits to Ethno Music Festivals With Regard to Gender and Age Structure of Visitors
Ivana Blešić, Tatjana Pivac, Igor Stamenković, and Snežana Besermenji

Sense of Community and Festival Attendance
Christine M. Van Winkle, Kyle M. Woosnam, and Ann M. Mohammed

Exploring Intentions to Attend a Convention: A Gender Perspective
Danielle Ramirez, Jennifer Laing, and Judith Mair

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 1

Environmental Challenges and Championship Events: Perspectives from the Serious Dog Sport Enthusiast
Wendy Hultsman

Resident Perceptions of Sport Mega-Events: A Host Community Perspective on the Forthcoming Commonwealth Games in Glasgow 2014
Andrew Martin and Kristin Barth

A Multidimensional Investigation of a Regional Event Portfolio: Advancing Theory and Praxis
Vassilios Ziakas

Indigenous Festivals and Community Development: A Sociocultural Analysis of an Australian Indigenous Festival
Michelle Whitford and Lisa Ruhanen

What Motivates Students to Volunteer at Events?
Dan Wakelin

It’s All About the Games! 2010 Vancouver Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games Volunteers
Tracey J. Dickson, Angela M. Benson, Deborah A. Blackman, and F. Anne Terwiel

Donald Getz Award for Outstanding Research in Planned Events
Kenneth F. Backman

BOOK REVIEW

Event Tourism: Concepts, International Case Studies, and Research (Donald Getz)
Kenneth F. Backman



Volume 16, Numbers 1-4

Volume 15, Numbers 1-4

Volume 14, Numbers 1-4

Volume 13, Numbers 1-4

Volume 12, Numbers 1-4

Volume 11, Numbers 1-4

Volume 10, Numbers 1-4

Volume 9, Numbers 1-4

Volume 8, Numbers 1-4

Volume 7, Numbers 1-4

Volume 6, Numbers 1-4

Author & Subject Indexes: Volumes 13-16 (Scroll down)

Volume 17: Author Index

An, S., 257
Andersson, T. D., 195

Backman, K. F., 93, 95
Barth, K., 13
Bennett, G., 97
Benson, A. M., 77
Besermenji, S., 145
Blackman, D. A., 77
Blešić, I., 145
, G. D., 123
Brown, S., 349

Cheng, E., 377
Chiam, M., 377

Dashper, K. L., 135
Dickson, T. J., 77
Dolles, H., 195

Edwards, D., 311

Fairley, S., 337
Foley, C., 311

Getz, D., 195, 227
Green, B. C., 337

Hallmann, K., 271
Hultsman, W., 1

Jackson, C., 439
Jæger, K., 195, 213
Jenkins, I., 299
Jenkins, J., 391

Karvonen, M., 409
Kim, M. L., 337
Kim, S., 349
Komppula, R., 409
Krohn, B. D., 361
Kruger, M., 179

Laing, J., 165
Lamont, M., 391
Le Couillard, J., 439
Lee, D. P., 323
Lee, S., 361
Lee, Y., 337
Lewis-Smith, L., 311
Li, S., 425
Lillywhite, J. M., 241

Mair, J., 165
Martin, A., 13
Maximiliano, K., 453
Moital, M., 439
Mykletun, J., 195
Mykletun, R. J., 213

Palakurthi, R., 323
Patterson, I., 227
Pechlaner, H., 123
Petrick, J. F., 97
Pichler, S., 123
Pivac, T., 145

Ramirez, D., 165
Rios-Morales, R., 299
Ruhanen, L., 49

Saayman, M., 179
Savinovic, A., 349
Schlenker, K., 111, 311
Schulenkorf, N., 111
Simonsen, J. E., 241
Stamenković, I., 145

Terwiel, F. A., 77
Thomson, A., 111
Tkaczynski, A., 283
Tsuji, Y., 97

Van Winkle, C. M., 257

Wakelin, D., 63
Whitford, M., 49
Wicker, P., 271
Wilson, B. J. H., 241
Woosnam, K. M., 257

Ziakas, V., 27

Volume 17: Subject Index

Active sport consumption, 271
Aesthetic labor, 135
Agricultural fair, 241
Alpine, 299
Altruism, 63
Amateur athletes, 391
ANOVA, 145, 179

Belonging, 213
Business events, 311

Case study, 283
Chi-square tests, 179
Collaboration, 311
Collectivism, 337
Commonwealth Games 2014, 13
Community events, 439
Community support, 361
Confirmatory factor analysis, 257
Convention attendance, 165
Cultural differences, 337
Cultural festival, 349
Cultural offerings, 123
Cultural visitors, 123
Customer satisfaction, 123
Cycling, 391

Decision making, 165
Destination image, 123
Dog sports, 1
Dramatological perspective, 27

Easterfest, 283
Economic growth, 425
Environmental factors, 1
Epistemology, 227
Ethnic minority, 349
Event infrastructure and venues, 425
Event interrelationships, 27
Event management, 135
Event policy, 111
Event portfolio strategy, 27
Event studies, 227
Event tourism, 409
EVENTQUAL, 97
Exhibition, 323

Factor analysis, 145
Festival(s), 179, 195, 213, 257, 283
Finnmark, 213

Gender, 135, 165
Grants, 195
Growth, 439

Host community, 13

Identities, 213
Indigenous festivals, 49
Intention, 165

Knowledge, 311

Large sporting events, 425
Legacy, 77, 111, 311
Leisure constraints theory, 323
Leisure studies, 227
Loyalty, 97

Management, 241
MANOVA, 349
Marathon runner, 271
Market segmentation, 179, 283
Marketing strategy, 323
Mega-sporting events, 361
Motivation(s), 63, 77, 145, 409
Multiday events, 1
Multidimensional analysis, 27
Multiple analyses of variance (MANOVA), 257
Multiplicity, 27
Multistage cluster sampling, 257
Music events, 179
Music festival, 145
Music tourism, 179

Negative externalities, 361
Networking, 311
Niche tourism, 299

Olympic Games, 377
Olympics, 77
Ontology, 227
Ownership, 195

Paralympics, 77
Participant behavior, 271
Perceived value, 97
Perceptions, 13
Philosophy, 227
Physical legacies, 425
Place, 213
Positive externalities, 361
Pricing, 271
Psychographics, 271
Psychological impacts, 361

Qualitative methods, 299
Quality, 97

Reciprocity, 63
Recreation specialization, 391
Recruitment, 135
Relatedness, 27
Relationships, 311
Resident, 257
Resident perceptions, 377
Revenue, 195

Sami, 213
Satisfaction, 1, 97
Scenarios, 439
Segmentation, 391, 409
Serbia, 145
Serious leisure, 1
Snowboarding, 299
Social and economic impacts, 13
Social capital, 49
Social exchange theory, 377
Social impact(s), 257, 377
Sociodemographic variables, 257
Socioeconomic variables, 257
South Australia, 349
Special events, 241
Sponsorship, 195
Sport event(s), 77, 111, 337, 391, 409
Sporting events, 439
Stakeholder, 439
Stakeholder theory, 283
Strategic management, 111
Strategy, 195
Students, 63
Success, 241
Sustainable development, 49

Theory, 227
Tourism economics, 299
Trends, 241
t Test, 145

Visitor motivation, 349
Volunteer retention, 337
Volunteerism, 337
Volunteers, 63, 77

Willingness-to-pay (WTP), 271
Word of mouth, 97

 

Volumes 6-12>

Volume 16: Author Index

Almanza, B., 295
Arcodia, C., 93
Avgousti, K., 203

Bachman, J. R., 267
Bonetti, E., 223
Bowdin, G., 103

Chancellor, C., 51
Choi, J.-K., 295
Clifton, N., 77
Cohen, T., 245

Daniels, M. J., 245
Darcy, S., 259
Del Chiappa, G., 157

Flowers, A. A., 319

Getz, D., 171
Gregson, K., 319

Hall, C. M., 119
Hanstad, D. V., 189
Harris, J., 25

Izzo, F., 223

Jaimangal-Jones, D., 305
Jones, C., 107

Kerr, G., 11

Lee, C., 351
Lee, I. S., 93
Lee, S., 25
Lee, S., 245
Lee, T. J. , 1, 65, 93
Lei, W., 283
Lewis, C., 11
Litvin, S. W., 335
Love, G. W., 269
Lyberger, M., 25

Mair, J., 133
Masiello, B., 223
Milohnić, I., 37
Mohan, L. J., 341
Mosely, M. Y., 51

O’Sullivan, D., 77
Oh, M.-J., 1
Olding, R., 269

Pickernell, D., 77

Ryu, S., 65

Sherman, K., 269
Smith, W. W., 335

Thomas, L., 341
Thomas, R., 103
Trošt, K., 37

Um, S., 65

Wakefield, K. L., 143
Won, D., 351

Zhao, W., 283

Volume 16: Subject Index

Academic conferences, 11
Affinity, 335
Arts festival, 283
Attendance, 341
Attitude change, 65

Brand attributions, 143
Brand concreteness, 143
Brand personality, 143
Business applications, 319
Business events, 133

Capacity building, 77
Cardiff, 77
Citizenship, 259
Climate change, 107
Consumer behavior, 245
Convention destination image, 133
Convention site selection, 133
Cultural celebration, 93
Cultural expression, 93
Cultural identity, 93
Cyprus, 203

Dance music, 305
Decision-making factors, 319
Demand, 107, 305
Destination choice, 1
Destination competitiveness, 157
Disability, 259
Discourses, 157
Discrimination, 259
DJs, 305

Economics, 107
Evaluation questionnaire, 11
Evaluation, 37, 77
Event management, 223
Event sponsorship, 143
Event studies, 157
Events, 37, 203, 335
Expectations, 305
Experiences, 305
External factors, 351


Fairs and festivals, 295
Farmers’ markets, 295
Festival and special events, 223
Festivals, 51, 65, 77, 305
Festival volunteers, 269
Food safety, 295
Functional motivation, 269

Golfers, 25

Hallmark events, 119
Health inspection violations, 295

Impacts, 37
Inclusive practice, 259
Interdisciplinary theory, 157
Interest, 25
Istria, 37
Italian meetings industry, 157

Jeju Island, 1

Legacy, 77
Leisure activity, 351
Local attendees, 283
Local development, 223
Local festivals, 1
Local tourist organization, 37
Loyalty, 335

Macao, 283
Market segment, 351
Media discourse, 305
Meeting organizers’ influence, 157
Meetings, incentives, conventions, and exhibitions (MICE), 11, 133
Mental accounting, 51
Minor league baseball, 351
Motivation(s), 283, 351
Multicultural festival, 93

Naming rights, 335
Needs/wants, 65
Neoliberalism, 119
Network theory, 223
Norms and values, 305

Olympic Games, 189
Organizational commitment, 269

Peak oil, 107
Policy implications, 157
Political economy, 119
Psychological contract, 269

Recession/credit crunch, 107
Restaurants, 295
Review, 133
Risk, 107
Risk issues, 189
Risk management, 189
Risk strategy, 189
Role identity, 269
Ryder Cup, 25

Site selection, 157
Social interaction, 93
Spectators, 351
Sponsorship, 335
Sport, 341
Sporting event, 189
Sporting events, 25
Sport marketing, 351
Steady-state tourism, 119

Team identification, 341
Tourism, 341
Tourism development, 203
Tourist satisfaction, 65
Two-factor theory, 65
Types of meeting, 157

United Nations’ Convention, 259

Venue selection, 245
Virtual-world events, 319
Visitors’ expenditures, 51

Weddings, 245

Volume 15: Author Index

Ali-Knight, J., 315
Anastasiadou, C., 387
Anderson, T. B., 97
Arbuckle, P. W., 98
Arcodia, C., 343
Arellano, A., 1
Axelsen, M., 63

Backman, K. F., 131
Backman, S. J., 131, 213, 267
Biback, S., 99
Bojanic, D. C., 77
Boo, S., 215
Bracalente, B., 137
Brown, G., 233

Cai, L. A., 37
Chang, W., 13, 151
Chirieleison, C., 137
Cossignani, M., 137
Crow, B., 245

Deng, J., 163
Drengner, J., 25

Ensor, J., 315

Ferrucci, L., 137

Gigliotti, M., 137
Goldblatt, J., 179
Gration, D., 343

Hixson, E. J., 233
Hsu, C.-H., 131
Hvenegaard, G. T., 373

Jahn, S., 25

Kim, J. W., 245
Kim, Y. K., 245
Korstanje, M. E., 91
Krohn, B., D., 267

Lawton, L. J., 313
Lee, G., 49
Lee, K. M., 293
Lin, K.-W., 179
Locke, M., 279
Lu, T., 37

Marles, K., 361
Mathur, A., 77
McCabe, S. V., 233
Merrilees, B., 361
Michaels, A., 307
Moy, L., 309

Ninan, D., 77

Ozier, K., 311

Park, J., 49
Park, M., 49
Patterson, I., 63
Pegg, S., 63
Pierskalla, C., 163

Raciti, M., 343
Ranalli, M. G., 137
Reid, S., 329
Revel, A., 310
Ritchie, B., 329
Robertson, M., 315
Robson, L. M., 100
Rogers, P., 387

Saayman, M., 197
Schlenker, K., 105
Schulenkorf, N., 105
Slabbert, E., 197
Son, S. M., 293
Stein, P., 179
Stokes, R., 343

Taylor, A., 308
Thomson, A., 105

Wang, Q., 215
Warnick, R. B., 77
Wolfsehr, M. S., 101

Yonskie, M., 102, 103
Yu, L., 215
Yuan, J., 13

Zahra, A., 279
Zanger, C., 25

Subject Index

Air shows, 77
Alcohol, 63
Arts festivals, 197
Attributes, 267
Authenticity, 1

Banks, 179
Behavioral intentions, 293
Benefits, 373
Blended festivalscape, 329
Branding, 1
Business events, 361

Cherry blossom, 163
China, 37
Cluster segmentation, 77
Commercials, 179
Community, 197, 387
Community participation, 105
Congruence, 25
Conservation, 373
Convention and exhibition tourism, 37
Corporate image, 245
Creativity, 315
Cultural events, 137

Economic impact, 137, 373
Economic significance, 77
Elicitation, 315
Event attendance, 233
Event marketing, 25
Events, 197, 329
Event sponsorship, 25, 245

Festival(s), 1, 163, 179, 329, 387
Festival developments, 131
Festival directors, 315
Festival motivation framework, 13, 151
Festival quality, 293
Film festival tourism, 49
Film festivals, 49
Food festivals, 13, 151

Golf, 267
Grahamstown National Arts Festival, 197
Grants, 179
Green events, 361
Green practices, 361

History, 1
Host community perceptions, 279

Identity, 1
Image, 37
Indicators, 387
Input–output model, 137
Intergroup relations, 105
Involvement, 77, 387

Klein Karoo National Arts Festival, 197

Leaders, 315
Local population, 1
Loyalty, 37

Media bias, 279
Media reporting, 279
Mega-event, 279
Moderator effects, 245
Motivations, 63, 233

Nonurban, 329
Not for profit, 179

Objectives, 373

Participation, 197, 387
Perceived preparedness, 213
Pintoricchio Exhibition, 137
Place attachment, 233
Planning, 329
Practice mix, 361
Principal–Agent theory, 179

Repertory grid, 315
Residents, 163
Residents’ perception, 213
Residents’ support, 279
Risk management, 329

Satisfaction, 37, 163, 267
Service quality, 49
Servicescape, 329
Social capital, 105
Social impact, 197
Special event, 77
Spectators, 267
Sport event experiences, 105
Sport tourism, 63
Strategic management, 105
Support for mega-events, 213
Sustainability, 315, 329
The Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, 213
Theory of planned behavior, 329
Tourism impacts, 131
Travel distance, 77
Triple bottom line, 329

Venture capital, 179
Venture philanthropy, 179
Visitors, 163
Visitor satisfaction, 49, 293
Visitor’s motivations, 13, 151
Visual mapping of markets, 77

Wildlife festivals, 373

Young people, 233
Youth, 63

Volume 14

Author Index

Almanza, B. A., 215

Brayley, R., 167
Breiter, D., 183
Brown, K. G., 309

Canberg, A., 239
Cattani, K., 205
Cheng, E., 91
Coughlin, M., 287

Daniels, M. J., 167

Ellis, S. M., 137

Finkel, R., 275
Fjelstul, J., 183
Foster, K., 107
Fowler, D. C., 149

Greenfield, G., 301
Gripsrud, G., 193

Harmon, L. K., 167
Harris, J., 157
Helgadottir, G., 257

Jarvis, N., 91
Jóhannesson, G. T., 261

Karlsdottir, A., 257
Kim, M. K., 127, 205
Kim, M., 127
Kim, Y. K., 205
Ko, Y. J., 205
Korstanje, M. E., 251
Kruger, M., 137
Kwok, L., 149

Lee, J.-E., 215
Lee, J.-H., 205
Lee, S., 157
Long, P., 257
Lyberger, M., 157

Markwell, K., 225
Martin, D. S., 1

Nadav, S., 239
Nelson, D. C., 215
Nes, E. B., 193

Odio, M. A., 127
Olsson, U. H., 193
O'Neill, M., 1

Park, M., 167
Ponsford, I. F., 17
Prebensen, N. K., 37

Robinson, P., 107
Ross, M. J., 83

Saayman, M., 137
Severt, K., 183
Shinde, K. A., 53
Smith, W. W., 239
Stokes, R., 69

Tesone, D. V., 83
Tkaczynski, A., 69
Tomsen, S., 225

Upchurch, R., 83

Williams, P. W., 17

Yuan, J., 149

Subject Index

Aardklop Arts Festival, 137
Actor-Network Theory (ANT), 261
African-Brazilian religion, 301
Artistic representation, 287
Association, 183
Australia, 225

Brazil, 301
Breton festivals, 287
Breton pardon, 287
Brittany coast, 287

Cape Breton Island, 309
Children, 107
Cocreation, 37
College sporting event, 157
Colonialism, 251
Community cohesion, 275
Community festivals, 275
Concerns, 251
Conference attendance, 183
Consumer profiles, 205
Conventions, 183
Corporate social responsibility, 17
Country image, 193
Cultural economy, 261
Cultural events, 167
Customer satisfaction, 1

Decision making, 239
Determinants of spending, 137


Economic contribution, 157
Economic impact analysis, 157
Event management, 83
Event motivation, 107
Event professionals, 83
Events, 107
Event quality, 205
Experience, 37

Fairs and festivals, 215
Family motivation, 107
Family, 107
Festival(s), 69, 225
FESTPERF, 69
Food safety knowledge, 215

Gay and lesbian, 225
Gender dichotomies, 275

Hindu festivals, 53
Holi, 53
Homophobia, 225
Hospitality education, 83

Iceland, 261
Identity, 127
Iemanjá, 301
India, 53
Island tourism, 275

Leisure, 107

Marketing, 137, 239
Measurement, 69
Media term, 251
Meetings, 183
Meeting type, 183
Mega-sport event, 193
Motivation, 107
Motivation typology, 107
Motor sport events, 91

Nation branding, 193
Networks, 37
New Year's celebrations, 301

Olympic Games, 17, 193
Ordering, 261

Participant observation, 167
Paternalism, 251
Patrimony, 251
Photographic documentation, 167
Policy, 239
Pride, 127
Problem-solving skills, 83
Prospective college students, 149
Protection, 251

Recruit, 149
Religious functionaries, 53
Religious tourism, 53
Resident perceptions, 91
Resource protection, 167
Rio de Janeiro, 301
Risk, 225

Safety, 225
Service quality, 1,69
Shetland events, 275
Social capital, 275
Social exchange theory, 91
Social impacts, 91
Social license to operate, 17
Social representation theory, 91
Sociology, 107
Special events and attractions tourism marketing, 309
Sponsorship, 239
Sports tourism, 1
Stakeholder, 37
Stakeholder engagement, 17
Summer camps, 149
Sustainability, 17

Taekwondo, 205
Tourism, 301
Tourism innovation, 261

Values, 37
Vancouver 2010, 17
Vendors, 215
VFR segmentation, 309
Viking festival(s), 261, 275
Violations, 215
Visitor impacts, 167
Visual culture, 287
Volunteer, 127
Vrindavan, 53

Vol. 13 Author Index

Ariffin, R. B., S28*

Backman, K. F., S35*
Backman, S. J., S14*, S35*
Bang, H., 69, 139, S23*, S26*
Bayliss, A., S3*
Beeler, C., 17
Bob, U., S32*
Breiter, D., 31, S22*, S25*, S40* 
Bromley, M., S49*

Cabaço, S., S15*
Chang, S., S33*
Chen, A. H., 205
Chen, P.-J., S37*
Chen, X., S14*
Choi, Y., S22*
Chon, K., S1*
Cieslak II, T. J., 43
Cornwell, T. B., 277
Couchman, P. K., S45*
Cross, C. M., S14*
Crowther, P., S17*

Denga, J., S41*

Finkel, R., S47*
Fjelstul, J., 31, S40*
Frew, M., S46*

Gelder, G., 181
Getz, D., S1*
Gibson, H., S33*
Goh, S., S18*
Goldblatt, J., S47*
Guerreiro, M., S6*, S15*
 
 

Hahm, J. J., S25*
Henderson, S., S51*
Hsieh, C.-M., S30*
Hvenegaard, G. T., S8*

Jackson, C., S4*
Jun, S. H., S33*

Kaczynski, A. T., 233, S10*
Kang, S. J., S33*
Kaplanidou, K., S38*
Kill, R., S3*
Kim, Y., 69
Kok, R. A., S28*
Korstanje, M. E., 197
Kruger, M., 53

Lee, H., S35*
Lee, J., 17
Lee, J., S1*
Lee, J., S22*
Lee, T. J., 171, 223
Leopkey, B., 153
Lyu, S. O., S35*

Marles, K., S45*
Mayhew, D., S41*
McCarville, R. E., 233, S10*
McGillivray, D., S46*
Mendes, J., S6*, S15*
Merrilees, B., S45*
Moss, C., S49*

Nelson, K. B., 117, S52*
Nightingale, J., 133

Oh, J., S1*
Oom do Valle, P., S6*

Papagiannopoulos, P., 103
Parent, M. M., 153
Park, C.-S., 83
Park, K.-S., 83
Park, S. H., S30*
Pierskala, C., S41*
Potwarka, L. R., 233, S10*

Quinn, B., 249

Reisinger, Y., 83
Robinson, P., 181
Robson, L. M., S13*

Saayman, A., 53
Saayman, M., 53
Sadd, D., 265, S20*
Schneider, I., S1*
Schofield, P., 1
Severt, K. 31, S40*, S43*
Shinde, K. A., S29*
Sikopit, R. S., S28*
Silva, J. A., S6*
Silvers, J. R., 117
Swart, K., S32*

Tew, P. J., 233, S10*
Thompson, K., 1
Turco, D. M., S32*

Vogt, C., S38*
Vouddas, P., 103

Wamwara-Mbugua, L. W., 277
Won, D., 69
Wu, R. Y., 205

Xenikos, D. G., 103

*Authors from the ICFER Proceedings supplement issue.

Vol. 13 Subject Index

Association, 31
Atmosphere, 181
Attributes, 171, 223
Australian sport stadia, 43

Baby boomers, 31

Cluster analysis, 83
Commitment, 69, 139
Community as “stakeholder,” 265
Conference attendance, 31
Conference organizers, 171, 233
Conference venues, 171, 223
Cultural festival, 1
Cultural legacies, 249
Cultural representation, 277
Cultural sector, 249
Cultural tourism, 205

Design elements, 117
Desire for uniqueness, 277
Determinants of spending, 53
Direction, 133

European capitals of culture, 249
European cities of culture, 249
Event, 181
Event legacies, 265
Event Management Body of Knowledge (EMBOK), 117

Factor-cluster analysis, 1
Festival, 181, 205
Festival attendance, 277
Forecasting operation, 103
Future intention, 17

General methodology, 103
Generations, 31
Generation X., 31
Gentrification, 265
Glastonbury, 181

Hotel managers, 171, 223

Ideology, 197
Information search, 205
Information technologies, 103
Intention, 69
Involvement, 17, 233

Klein Karoo National Arts Festival, 53
Korea, 171, 223

Leisure, 197
Leisure involvement, 205
Location, 133
London 2012, 265

Maps, 133
Marketing, 53
Match day security, 43
Methodology, 181
Mongolia, 1
Motivation, 1, 17, 69, 83, 181
Music, 181
Mythology, 197
Naadam, 1

Olympic Games, 103
Olympics, 117
Organizational reputation, 139

Pleasure, 197

Recognition, 233
Regeneration, 265
Regression analysis, 53
Repetition, 233
Representation orientation, 133
Risk management strategies, 153
Roman Empire, 197

Satisfaction, 17
Segmentation, 1, 83
Service quality, 17
Signage, 233
Sociology, 181
Sponsorship, 233
Sport event, 153
Sporting event(s), 69, 139
Stakeholders, 153

Theme park, 83

V Festival, 181
Visitor motivation, 277
Volunteerism, 139
Volunteers, 69

Work measurement, 103

Vol. 12 Author Index

Alexandris, K., 119
Andersson, T. D., 1
Anderton, C., 39

Backman, K., 163
Bang, H., 119
Barbieri, C., 53
Breiter, D., 27

Edwards, J., 199

Fox, D., 199
Frost, W., 95

Getz, D., 1
 

Ho, P.-T., 187

Kayar, C. H., 133
Kim, H. J., 67
Kozak, N., 133

Lee, K. M., 67
Lee, M. J., 67

Mahoney, E., 53
Morais, D. B., 209
Morgan, M., 81

Nogawa, H., 209

Okayasu, I., 209

Palmer, R., 53

Robson, L. M., 19
Rompf, P. D., 27
Ross, S. D., 119

Severt, K., 27

Tsai, H.-Y., 187

Van Limburg, B., 105
Van Winkle, C. M., 163

Whitford, M., 143
Wood, E. H., 171
 

Vol. 12 Subject Index

Analytical hierarchy process (AHP), 187
2004 Athens Olympic Games, 119
Authenticity, 95

Carnivalesque, 39
Cocreation, 105
Consumer behavior, 105
Consumer experience, 81
Consumer show, 53
Conventions, 27
Counterculture, 39

Destination, 27

East Mediterranean International Tourism and Travel Exhibition (EMITT), 133
EMBOK, 19
Evaluation, 171
Event evaluation and satisfaction, 81
Event impacts, 171
Event industry, 19
Event management, 53, 171
Event management curriculum, 67
Event organizations, 1
Event planners, 27
Events, 105
Event type, 27
Experience marketing, 105
Extraordinary experiences, 81

Factor/cluster analysis, 53
Factor-correspondence analysis, 67
Festival and event management, 81
Festival(s), 1, 39, 95, 105, 143, 163, 171
Film-induced tourism, 95

Gardening, 199

Heritage, 95
Horticultural shows, 199

Impacts, 143, 163
Indigenous, 143
Institutions, 1
International sporting events, 119

Market segmentation, 53
Mindfulness, 163
Motivation, 119
Music, 39

Netnography, 81

Pop festivals, 105
Public sector, 171

Recreational sport event, 209
Research, 19
Resource investment, 209
Resource theory, 209
RV and camping industry, 53

Satisfaction, 163
Segmentation, 199
Selection criteria, 27
Site selection, 187
Stakeholders, 1
Success factors, 27
Sustainability, 1

Taiwan Lantern Festival, 187
Tourism, 133, 143
Trade exhibitions, 133

Value creation, 105
Visitors, 199
Visitors' objectives, 133
Volunteers, 119

Westerns, 95

Vol. 11 Author Index

Agrusa, J. F., 121
Ali-Knight, J., 1, 3
Ariffin, A. A. M., 179
Arsal, I., 157

Boyko, C. T., 161

Carlsen, J., 1, 3
Christian, D., 155

Dixon, A. W., 157

Falkheimer, J., 81

Giannoulakis, C., 191
Gray, D., 191
Grunwell, S., 201 

Ha, I., 201
Hede, A.-M., 13
Hu, C., 71

Jun, J. W., 145

Kitterlin, M., 121

Lee, H., 145

Mactaggart, D., 57
Maples, G., 121
McMorland, L.-A., 57
Moscardo, G., 23

Norman, W. C., 109

Parent, M. M., 129
Prebensen, N. K., 99

Racherla, P., 71
Reid, S., 89
Richards, G., 33
Robertson, M., 1, 3

Singh, N., 71
Slack, T., 129
Small, K., 45

Tanner, J. R., 121

Wang, C.-H., 191
Wooten, M. H., 109
 

Vol. 11 Subject Index

Art event, 145
Arts festival, 109
Attendance motivations, 57
Authenticity, 33

Barcelona, Spain, 33
Case study, 129, 161
Cluster analysis, 57
Collectivism, 121
Community capacity, 23
Community festivals, 45
Community involvement, 57
Conformity, 129
Corporate meeting market, 179
Country brand, 145
Country-of-origin company, 145
Cultural benefits, 3
Cultural event, 33
Cultural tourism, 33, 57

Destination image, 81

Economic benefits, 3
Economic impact, 201
Edinburgh, 3
eSAFE and Protégé, 71
European Capital of Culture, 161
Evaluation, 13
Event investment, 99
Events, 3, 23, 57, 81, 129
Experiential service, 121

Factor analysis, 45
Festivals, 3, 23, 33
Film festival, 201
Francophone, 129
Francophonie, 129

Honolulu Marathon, 121

Institutional theory, 129
Investment purpose, 99
Investment structure, 99

Knowledge management, 71
Knowledge mapping, 71

Marketing tools, 109
Media analysis, 81
Media effects, 81
MICE tourism, 179

News management, 81
Norway, 99
Novelty preference, 179
Novelty seeking, 179

Olympic Games, 191
Ontology, 71
 

Past experiences, 109
Place meaning, 161
Pressure, 129
Public relations, 81

Regional development, 23
Residents, 161
Resistance, 129
Rural events, 89

Scale development, 45
Social benefits, 3
Social capital, 23
Social consequences, 89
Social impacts, 45
Special event, 13
Sport volunteer management, 191
Stakeholders, 129
Stakeholder Theory, 13

Tourism, 57
Tourist hallmark events, 161
Triple Bottom Line, 13

Visitor differences, 109
Volunteer motivation, 191

World Cup Soccer Games, 145

 Vol. 10 Author Index

Adams, C., 23
Andersson, T., 103
Axelsson, B., 175

Beaven, Z., 209
Beeler, C., 185
Bennett, G., 89
Blazey, M. A., 123
Boo, S., 123
Breiter, D., 133

Chen, P.-J., 1

Dees, W., 89
Dodd, T., 23

Elbe, J., 175

 

Getz, D., 103

Hallén, L., 175
Hanlon, C., 77
Hvenegaard, G. T., 231

Jogaratnam, G., 221
Jones, B., 63

Kaplanidou, K., 159
Khaled, H. A., 63
Kim, K., 221
Ko, D.-W., 123
Kolyesnikova, N., 23

Ladkin, A., 241
Larson, M., 103
Laws, C., 209
Lee, J., 185

Manaloor, V., 231
Milman, A., 133
Monga, M., 47
Morla, D. M., 241

Oh, I.-K., 221

Reid, G., 35

Scott, D., 63
Smith, K. A., 185
Stewart, B., 77
Stokes, R., 145
Sun, J., 221

Tsuji, Y., 89

Yuan, J., 23
 

Vol. 10 Subject Index

Activity preferences, 221
Adaptation, 63
Affective image, 159
Arts events, 209
Australia, 145

Birds, 231

Calgary, Canada, 103
Canada, 63
Climate change, 63
Community festival, 123
Convention center, 133
Conventions, 241

Disconfirmation, 185
Distribution channel, 185

Economic impact, 231
Edinburgh, 35
Event(s), 175, 185
Event planning, 63
Event sport tourist, 1
Events tourism, 145
Exhibitor satisfaction, 133
Expenditures, 231

Factor/cluster method, 221
Festival management, 103
Festival motivations, 23
Festival(s), 63, 221
Front-of-house, 209
Future intent, 133
Future intention, 185
 

Galicia, 241

Hierarchy Value Map, 1

Image making, 35
Intentions, 159
Interorganizational relationships, 145

Legitimacy, 175

Major sport event organizations, 77
Managing personnel, 77
Market segmentation, 221
Means-end chain, 1
Measures of effectiveness, 89
Media, 35
Mega-events, 159
Mobilization, 175
Motivation, 47
MTV, 35

Network(s), 145, 175
Network theory, 103
Novelty-familiarity, 123

Operations management, 209

Performance-only, 185
Personal construct, 1
Politics, 35
Potential growth, 241
Power, 35
Previous visits, 159
Prior visit experience, 123
Pulsating organizations, 47

Quality, 185

Residency, 123
Resource dependency, 103
Resources, 175

Satisfaction, 185
Service elements, 133
Service quality, 209
Small-scale sport tourism, 1
Special events, 47
Spectators, 159
Sponsorship attitudes, 89
Sport sponsorships, 89
Sporting events, 89
Stakeholder perceptions, 241
Stakeholder theory, 103
Sweden, 103

Ticket, 185
Ticketing, 209
Tourist expenditure, 123

Visitor characteristics, 231
Volunteer, 47

Wildlife festival, 231
Wine festival, 23

Young wine consumers, 23


Vol. 9 Author Index

Auld, C., 73

Boo, S., 223
Bowdin, G. A. J., 185
Bowen, H. E., 155
Burr, S. W., 27
Busser, J. A., 223

Chhabra, D., 91
Coleman, D., 73
Cuskelly, G., 73

Daniels, M. J., 155
Downward, P., 13

Ellingsen, K. A., 119

Gargalianos, D., 169

Hanlon, C., 39
Harrington, M., 73
Harris, V., 103
Hem, L. E., 133

Ismail, J. A., 111

Jackson, J., 1
Jago, L., 39

Lade, C., 1
Lexhagen, M., 133
Li, X., 239
Lumsdon, L., 13

Mehmetoglu, M., 119
Mules, T., 95

Nelson, K. B., 185
Nysveen, H., 133

O'Toole, W. J., 185

Peters, M., 147
Petrick, J. F., 239
Picard, D., 165
Pikkemaat, B., 147
Pugh, C., 61

Ralston, R., 13

Saayman, A., 211
Saayman, M., 211
Scott, D., 27
Silvers, J. R., 185
Sotiriadou, K., 169
Spiropoulos, S., 169

Taylor, T., 199
Tomljenovic, R., 51
Toohey, K., 199
Tyrrell, B. J., 111

Weber, S., 51
Wood, E. H., 61

Vol. 9 Subject Index

Alpine tourism, 147
Arts festivals, 211
Attractions, 119

Behavioral dependability, 73
Birdwatching, 27
Body of knowledge, 185

City marketing events, 147
Commonwealth Games, 13
Conceptual framework, 185
Croatia, 51

Destination images, 223

Economic benefits, 91
Economic impact, 111
Education, 185
Estimating attendance, 111
Ethnic festivals, 169
Event impacts, 199
Event management, 95, 103, 185
Event management body of knowledge (EMBOK), 185
Event stakeholder, 169
Expenditures, 91
 
 
 
 

Festival(s), 51, 91, 119, 133
Festival experiences, 223
Festival management strategy, 95
Festival promotion, 223
Festival quality, 223
Festivals and special events, 27
Focus group, 13
Funding criteria, 51

Goals congruence, 51

Highland Games, 91

Innovation in festivals, 95

Local government, 61

Major sport event organizations, 39
Marketing, 61, 91, 119, 211
Market orientation, 1, 119
Mobile coordination service, 133
Motivations, 27
Music festivals, 155

Open-gate festival, 111

Personnel, 39
Predictors, 73
Professional, 103
Professionalism, 103
Professionalization, 103

Recreational specialization, 27
Recruitment, 39
Regional tourism, 1

Security measures, 199
Sociodemographics, 211
South Africa, 211
Special events, 119
Sport event(s), 13, 73, 199
Stakeholder functions, 169
Standards, 185
Strategic events, 61
Strategic planning, 169
Success factors, 1, 147

Technology acceptance, 133
Terrorism-related safety, 199
Tourism, 51
Tourism festival, 223

Vendors, 91
Visitor motivations, 155
Volunteer expectations, 13
Volunteering, 13
Volunteers, 73

Vol. 8 Author Index

Aitken, J., 59
Ali, S., 3

Backman, K. F., 117
Backman, S. J., 117
Botha, C., 213
Brown, G., 3, 113

Carlsen, J., 15
Chalip, L., 3
Cho, M., 177
Crompton, J. L., 109

Daniels, M. J., 117
Darcy, S., 39
Deery, M., 23, 141
Derrett, R., 49

Elstad, B., 99
 

Fairley, S., 127
Fredline, L., 23

Gabr, H. S., 231
Getz, D., 127
Graefe, A. R., 63
Groves, D., 91

Harris, R., 1, 39, 59, 185

Jago, L. K., 1, 3, 23, 141

Kay, P., 191

LeBlanc, M., 203
Lee, S., 109
Long, P., 187

Milner, L. M., 141
Mowen, A. J., 63
Mules, T., 3

Nurse, K., 223

Picard, D., 187
Preda, P., 83

Robinson, M., 187

Smith, S. L. J., 161

Taylor, A., 15

Van Zyl, C., 213
Vogelsong, H. G., 63

Walle, A. H., 73
Watts, T., 83
Wicks, B., 185

Xiao, H., 161
Xie, P. F., 91, 151

Vol. 8 Subject Index

Accessibility, 39
Applebutter Festival, Ohio, 151
Anglophone, 203
Arts festivals, 213
Assessment scale development, 23
Attendance, 73
Audience motivations, 213
Australia, 39
Authenticity, 151

Barriers, 141

Canadian-American Festival, 91
Capacity management, 83
Carnival tourism, 223
Co-branding, 3, 127
Constraints, 141
Content analysis, 91
Continuance commitment, 99
Cross-cultures, 191
Crowding levels, 63
Crowding perceptions, 63
Crowd management, 63
Cultural events, 161, 191
Cultural industry sectors, 223
Cultural markers, 91

Destination branding, 3
Destination promotion, 127
Disabilities, 39
Discriminatory practices, 39
Diversity, 73
Dubai, 231

Economic impact, 223
Event evaluation, 3
Event impacts, 117
Event planning, 3
Events, 23
Events tourism, 49

Festivals and events, 231
Fishing, 73
Focus group interviews, 117
Folk village, 151
Folklore, 73
Francophone, 203

Generic scale, 23
Gold Coast, Australia, 127
Grounded theory, 161

Heritage, 151
Heritage conservation, 231
Historic buildings, 231

Iconography, 91
Image making, 127
Input-output analysis, 117

Kitchener-Waterloo, 161
Korea, 177

Leisure nonparticipation, 141
Local festival, 203

Manchester Commonwealth Games, 15
Media management, 127
Motivational factors, 99
Myrtle Beach, 91
Mystery guest methodology, 91

Nature, 73

Oktoberfest, 161
Operational efficiency, 83
Oral history, 73
 

Participant roles, 161

Regional community cultural festivals, 49
Residents' perceptions, 23, 161
Rural festival, 151

Sense of community, 49
Sense of place, 49
Social impacts, 23
Social programs, 15
South Africa, 213
Special event planning, 39
Special event(s), 141, 177
Sport events, 127
Sporting venues, 83
Strategy, 73
Sustainable development, 231

Tourism, 231
Tourism markets, 191
Travel behaviors, 203
Travel motivation, 141
Trinidad, 223
Typology, 161

Urban renewal, 15

Vernacular art, 73
Visitor attitudes, 63
Volunteers, 99

World Cup, 177

Yogwan, 177

Vol. 7 Author Index

Andersson, T. D., 151 

Barker, M., 79 
Brown, G., 135, 187 

Chen, J. S., 127 
Chhabra, D., 221 
Coughlan, D., 1 
Cuskelly, G., 231 

Delamere, T. A., 11, 25 

Faulkner, B., 103, 115 
Fredline, E., 103, 115 

Getz, D., 141, 209 
Grant, D. B., 67

Hanlon, C., 231 
Higham, J. E. S., 39 
Hinch, T. D., 11 
Holdnak, A., 177 

Kim, K., 127 

Larson, M., 51 
Lockyer, T., 259 

Mehmetoglu, M., 93 
Meyer, D., 79 
Mules, T., 1 

Page, S. J., 79 
Paliwoda, S. J., 67 
Park, K-S., 197 
Pennington-Gray, L., 177

Quick, S. P., 245 

Rea, P., 221 
Ritchie, B., 39 
Ryan, C., 259 

Shanka, T., 165 
Shibli, S., 151 
Sills, E., 221 
Solberg, H. A., 151 

Taylor, R., 165 
Thrane, C., 143 
Tzelepi, M., 245 

Uysal, M., 127 

Wankel, L. M., 11 
Wikström, E., 51

Vol. 7 Subject Index

Advertising, 1 
America's Cup, 79 
Automobile racing, 177 
Awareness, 1 

Bed tax, 177 
Behavioral intentions, 143 
Business travel, 151 

Canada, 67 
Cluster analysis, 103 
Community reactions, 115 
Competition, 209 
Conflict, 51 
Consensus, 51 
Consumer profiles, 67 

Destination management, 115 

Economic development, 39 
Economic impact(s), 93, 151 
Effectiveness evaluation, 245 
Event impacts, 103, 115 
Event organizers, 127 
Events, 39, 165 
Expenditure pattern, 151 
Expenditures, 221 
Exposition, 197 

Festival consumers, 67 
Festival failure, 209 
Festival management, 165 
Festivals, 11, 25, 93 

Heritage tourism, 221 
Heritage tourists, 221

Impacts, 79 
Induction process, 231 
Involvement, 259 

Jazz festival, 143 

Korea, 197 

Leadership skills, 245 
Leakage, 93 
Legitimacy building, 51 
Life cycle, 209 

Management, 209 
Managerial induction, 231 
Market segments, 221 
Marketing strategies, 67 
Master's Games, 259 
MICE tourism, 151 
Music quality, 143 
Mutual commitment building, 51 

New Zealand, 39, 259 

Olympic Games, 187 
Organizational culture, 209 

Participation, 259 
Perceptions, 127 
Place marketing, 177 
Political market square, 51 
Population ecology, 209 
Project network, 51 
Pulsating organizations, 231 
 

Recognition, 1 
Residents' perceptions, 115 
Residents' reactions, 103 
Resource dependency, 209 
Rural tourism, 39 

Satisfaction, 143 
Scale development, 11, 25 
Site utilization, 197 
Social impacts, 11, 25 
Special events, 93 
Spending behavior, 221 
Sponsorship, 1, 187 
Sponsorship benefits, 187 
Sport event organizations, 231 
Sporting events, 151 
Sports events, 259 
Sport tourism, 177 
Sydney 2000 Olympic Games, 187 
Sydney Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games (SOCOG), 245 

Tourism, 221 
Tourism events, 79 
Training courses, 245 

Urban-rural areas, 165 

Visitor motivation, 127 

Wine tourism, 165 

 

 

Vol. 6 Author Index

Abbott, J. L., 259 
Agrusa, J. F., 105 
Allen, J., 213 
Almanza, B. A., 85 

Boo, H. C., 85 
Brown, G., 231 
Burgan, B., 223 

Carlsen, J., 61, 117, 247 
Chalip, L., 231 

Dwyer, L., 130, 175, 191 

Faulkner, B., 231 
Fredline, E., 25 

Geddie, M. W., 259 
Getz, D., 1, 205, 206, 207, 247 
Ghiselli, R., 85 
Goldblatt, J. J., 109, 129

Harris, R., 211, 213, 271 
Holecek, D. F., 33 
Hörte, S. Å., 65 
Huyskens, M., 213, 271 

Jago, L. K., 211, 213, 231 

Kerstetter, D. L., 167 
Kim, D.-K., 33 

Leong, K., 93 
Long, P., 45, 127 

MacLaurin, D. J., 93 
March, R., 231 
McDonald, D., 5 
McDonald, T., 5 
Mellor, R., 175, 191 
Mistilis, N., 175, 191 
Morrow, S., 208 
Mules, T., 25, 175, 191, 223

Persson, C., 65, 135 
Pikkemaat, B., 123 

Raybould, M., 25 
Ritchie, J. R. B., 155 

Smith, S. L. J., 15 
Soutar, G., 247 
Spencer, D. M., 33 

Tomljenovic, R., 25 

Van Gessel, P., 111 

Wickham, T. D., 167 
Woodside, A., 231 

Xie, P. F., 15 

Yoon, S., 33

 Vol. 6 Subject Index

Aerial photography, 25 
Assessment framework, 175 
Attendance, 15 
Australia, 247 

Balls, 105 
Bid, 65, 135 

Communication, 259 
Consumer perceptions, 85 
Conventions, 93 
Crowd control, 259 
Crowding, 167 
Crowd management, 259 
Crowd security, 259 

Decision process, 65, 135 
Delphi study, 247 
Destination and community planning, 155 

Economic impact, 223 
Estimating attendance, 25 
Event assessment, 175 
Event evaluation, 247 
Event leveraging, 231 
Event marketing, 33 
Event planning, 33 
Event tourism, 33 
Exhibitions, 93 
Experiential education, 5

Fairs and festivals, 85 
Festival, 5 
Festival marketing, 33 
Festival planning, 33 
Festival tourism, 33 
Food safety, 85 
Forecasting, 15 
Forecasting model, 191 

Healthfulness, 85 

Impact evaluation, 231 
Incentives, 93 
Income elasticity, 15 
Intangible impacts, 175, 191 
Interagency collaboration, 45 

Krewes, 105 

Lafayette, LA, 105 
Legacy planning, 155 
Liability, 259 

Management, 5 
Mardi Gras, 105 
Marketing, 65 
Market segmentation, 33 
Meetings, 93 
Mega-event, 65, 135, 155

Olympic Games, 65, 135, 155 
Open events, 25 
Operating procedures, 259 
Organizational buying behavior, 135 

Parades, 105 
Partnerships, 45 
Penetration rate model, 15 
Place attachment, 167 

Reasonable care, 259 
Research agenda, 213 
Research priorities, 213 

Sample estimates, 223 
Signage, 259 
Singapore, 93 
Stakeholder groups, 213 
Summer Olympics, 231 

Tangible impacts, 175, 191 
Themed festival events, 45 
Tourism impacts, 231 
Trade shows, 93 

Visitor numbers, 223 
Visitor perceptions, 167 

World's fairs, 15

 

 

 

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