ognizant Communication Corporation

The International Journal

Volume 31, Numbers 1/2

Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 31, pp. 1-12, 2006
0360-1293/06 $20.00 + .00
Copyright © 2006 Cognizant Communication Corp.
Printed in the USA

Microwave Propagation on Acupuncture Channels

Michael A. Krevsky, Ph.D., Director
Ekaterina S.  Zinina
Electronics to Medicine (ELM) Ltd, Nizny Novogorod, Russia
Yuri Koshurinov, Senior Engineer
Nizny Novgorod State University, senior engineer, Nizny Novogorod, Russia
Aleck M. Ovechkin, Sneiro Scientist
Regional Oncological Center, Nizny Novgorod, P.O. Box 195, 603136. Russia
Yuri A. Tkachenko, M.D., Director
Union of Western and Oriental Medicine, Nizny Novogorod, Russia
Wantaek Han, M.S., Senior Researcher
Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon, KOREA
Sang-Min Lee, Ph.D., Professor
Division of Bionics & Bioinformatics, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, KOREA
Gilwon. Yoon, Ph.D., Professor, Director
Institute for Biomedical Electronics, Seoul National University of Technology, Seoul, KOREA

Quantitative studies on functional state of acupuncture points and meridians have been done mostly by electrical measurement that requires the contact of the electrode on skin and is subject to pressure, humidity, etc. In the study, a new modality of using microwave was investigated. Microwave energy in the frequency range of 250 ~ 550MHz was irradiated on an acupuncture point. Transmitted microwave energy along the meridian was measured at the next acupuncture point of the same meridian. Diabetic and cancer patients were compared with healthy persons. Normal group consisted of 50 healthy persons. Diabetic group included 50 diabetic patients. Breast cancer group had also 50 patients. All 12 meridians on both right and left hands and feet were measured. For the diabetic group, the microwave energy propagation in this frequency range was 1.417 dB lower along Lung channel and 1.601 dB higher along Spleen channel compared with the normal group regardless of sex and diabetic types. For cancer patients, the propagation was 1.620 dB lower along Liver channel and 1.245 dB higher along Kidney channel compared with the normal group. Microwave energy proved to be a potential diagnostic method.

Key words: Microwave; Acupuncture; Diabetes; Cancer; Meridian

Correspondence: Gilwon Yoon, Department of Electronics and Information, Seould National University of Technolgoy, 172 Kongneung-dong , Nowon-gu, Seoul, 139-743, KOREA; Tel: (82)-2-970-6419; Fax: 82-2-979-7903

Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 31, pp. 13-31, 2006
0360-1293/06 $20.00 + .00
Copyright © 2006 Cognizant Communication Corp.
Printed in the USA

Characterization of DNA-Containing Granules Flowing Through the Meridian-Like System on the Internal Organs of Rabbits

Vyacheslav Ogay, Ph.D., Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Ku Youn Baik, Ph.D., Candidate
Byung-Cheon Lee, Ph.D., Senior Researcher
Kwang-Sup Soh, Professor of Physics

Biomedical Physics Laboratory, School of Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

It is an essential question for acupuncture whether the acupuncture meridians from an anatomically distinctive system of threadlike ducts that spread throughout an animal body. We observed the threadlike structures on the surface of internal organs of animals. This threadlike structure may be the physical basis of the meridian-like network of internal organs as detected by the Bi-Digital O-Ring test imaging method. One of the characteristics of the threadlike structures is the presence of DNA containing granules or Bonghan granules that flow through the ducts. The aim of this study was to separate and characterize their morphology and ultrastructural features. Using confocal laser-scanning microscopy (CLSM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), we found that Bonghan granules were round and measure 1.7-2.5 mm in diameter. They had a small nucleus surrounded by a layer of cytoplasm and a trilaminar plasma membrane. TEM also showed that they had cytoplasmic protrusions like pseudopodia. They contained fragmented DNA with a significant amount of 3'-OH ends. We compared their properties with the cell structure and general morphology of apoptotic bodies, bacteria, and the microcells. The motion of these granules was influenced by light, which may be related to the photo-therapy on the acupuncture points.

Key words: Acupuncture; Meridian-like network; Bi-Digital O-Ring test; Bonghan granule; Microcells; Photo-therapy; DNA; Rabbits

Correspondence: Professor Kwang-Sup Soh, Biomedical Physics Laboratory, School of Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747, Korea. Tel: +82-2-880-7750; Fax: +82-2-878-9172; E-mail: kssoh@phya.snu.ac.kr

Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 31, pp. 33-44, 2006
0360-1293/06 $20.00 + .00
Copyright © 2006 Cognizant Communication Corp.
Printed in the USA

The Effect of "Zusanli" (ST. 36) Acupuncture on the Bio-Availability of Sodium Pertechnetate in Wister Rats

Vasco Senna-Fernandes, M.D.
Tutor & Lecturer of Acupuncture and Electroacupuncture, Academia Brasileira de Arte e Ciencia Oriental, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Research Assistant, Dept. de Biofisica e Biometria, IBRAG, PGCM, UERJ, Brazil;
Daisy França, P.T.
Tutor & Lecturer of Acupuncture and Electroacupuncture, Academia Brasileira de Arte e Ciência Oriental, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Research Assistant, Dept. de Biofisica e Biometria, IBRAG, PGCM, UERJ, Brazil;
Silvana F.R. Moreno, Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Pós-graduação de Ciências Médicas, UFF, Niterói, Brazil.
Research Assistant, Dept. de Biofísica e Biometria, IBRAG, UERJ, Brazil;
Sebastião Santos-Filho, P.T., M.S.
Research Assistant, Dept. de Biofísica e Biometria, IBRAG, UERJ, Brazil;
Philip A. M. Rogers, M.B.V., M.R.C.V.S.
Principal Research Officer, Grange Laboratories, Teagasc (Agriculture & Food Authority), Dunsany, Co. Meath, Ireland;
Mario Bernardo-Filho, Ph.D.
Full Professor, Dept. de Biofisica e Biometria, IBRAG, UERJ, Brazil;
Marco Antônio Mello Guimarães, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Pós-graduação de Ciências Médicas, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The effect of acupuncture stimulation at Zusanli point (ST. 36) on the bio-availability of radio-pharmaceutical 99mTc-sodium pertechnetate (Na99mTcO4) in Wistar rats was investigated. Ten healthy rats were allocated into two groups of five. Group 1 (n = 5) was treated by acupuncture by inserting stainless steel needles bilaterally at ST. 36; Group 2 was the untreated control. Ocular plexus administration of 0.3ml of Na99mTcO4 (3.7MBq) was carried out 10 minutes after every needle insertion. The rats were killed 25 minutes later. The organs were isolated, the radioactivity determined in a well gamma counter, and the percentage of injected radio-pharmaceutical dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) was assessed for each organ. The %ID/g varied significantly (p < 0.05) between Group 1 and Group 2 in pancreas (0.91 ± 0.17 vs 0.15 ± 0.03), stomach (7.97 ± 0.68 vs 3.51 ± 0.22), spleen (0.97 ± 0.11 vs 0.41 ± 0.14), brain (0.19 ± 0.09 vs 0.09 ± 0.04), kidneys (0.9 ± 0.17 vs 0.15 ± 0.03), heart (0.81 ± 0.17 vs 0.31 ± 0.02) and testis (0.46 ± 0.04 vs 0.14 ± 0.03). These findings suggest that the effect of acupuncture at ST.36 modulated organs and tissues response in rats. Using Chinese theories of Zang-Fu and Five Phases, we suggest that the relationship between acupoints and organs may be related to neuromodulation mechanisms such as somatovisceral reflex responses, which play an important role in the autonomic nervous system. These results also suggest that the effect of acupuncture on the bio-availability of radio-pharmaceuticals may help our understanding of the action of acupuncture points on various organs and tissues.

Key words: Acupuncture; ST.36 (Zusanli), Somatovisceral-Reflex-Response; Radio-pharmaceutical; Bio-availability

Correspondence: Dr. Vasco Senna-Fernandes. Rua Leonardo Vilas Boas, 124A, Sao Francisco, Niteroi, RJ, Brazil. CEP: 24360-550. Tel: +5521-26104528; E-mail: vascosf888@yahoo.com.br

Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 31, pp. 45-59, 2006
0360-1293/06 $20.00 + .00
Copyright © 2006 Cognizant Communication Corp.
Printed in the USA

Effects of Electro-Acupuncture on Serum Cytokine Level and Peripheral Blood Lymphocyte Subpopulation at Immune-Related and Non-Immune-Related Points

Maw-Shiou Jong, M.D.
Senior Resident of Center of Traditional Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital; National Yank-Ming University School of Medicine
Shinn-Jang Hwang, M.D.
Professor and Director of Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital; National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine
Fang-Pey Chen, M.D.
Associate Professor and Director of Center for Traditional meeicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital; National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine

The purpose of this study is to find out whether electro-acupuncture (EA) at acupoint LI.10 (Shou San Li), which has not been considered as an immune-related point, has a similar immune effect as LI.11 (Qu Chi). We recruited 24 male medical students for this study. They were randomized into 3 groups: control group (without acupuncture during the study period n = 7), LI.11 group (EA at LI.11 acupoint, n = 9) and LI.10 group (EA at LI.10 acupoint, n = 8). At the first day (Day 1), blood was taken from all subjects. But EA was applied to the LI.11 and LI.10 group immediately after blood drawing. On the second day (Day 2), EA was applied to the LI.11 and LI.10 group right before blood sample was taken. At the fourteenth day (Day 14), blood sample was taken for all subjects. The parameters of EA were 4 sec alternating intervals of 2 and 15 HZ (dense and disperse) and 1-4 mA in intensity for 20 min. The waveform of electrical impulse was bi-directional and pulse duration of 50 msec. Blood analysis included flow cytometry for lymphocyte subpopulations (CD4 and CD8 positive cell percentages) and ELISA for cytokines [soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R), interferon (INF)-g, IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10]. We treated the results of Day 1 as a baseline value. After EA at acupoint LI.11, CD4 positive cell percentage at Day 14 showed significant decrease compared to the baseline value (p = 0.011). CD8 positive cell percentage also decreased at Day 2 (p = 0.038) and Day 14 (p = 0.015). In the LI.10 group, CD4 and CD8 levels at Day 14 were decreased significantly (CD4, p = 0.012; CD8, p = 0.017). Results of all cytokines concentrations of the LI.11 group did not change during the study period. But the serum level of sIL-2R of the LI.10 group at Day 14 was higher than the baseline value (p = 0.018). The serum level of IL-6 at Day 14 was lover than the baseline value (p = 0.028). The serum level of IL-4 at Day 2 was lower than the baseline value (p = 0.025). Our results showed that LI.11 and LI.10 acupoints cause a similar decrease of CD4 and CD8 populations. Increase of serum sIL-2R and decrease of serum IL-4 and IL-6 were observed when EA was applied at LI.10 acupoint, but not at LI.11 acupoints. In this study, we can understand that EA may modulate the peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations and serum cytokine levels of the immune system.

Key words: Electro-acupuncture (EA); Cytokine; Lymphocyte; Subpopulation

Correspondence to: Fang-Pey Chen, M.D., Center for Traditional Medicine, Taipei Verterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec. 2, Shih-Pai Road, Taipei 112, Taiwan, R.O.C. Tel: 886-2-28757454; Fax: 886-2-28757452; E-mail: fpchen@vghtpe.gov.tw

Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 31, pp. 61-125, 2006
0360-1293/06 $20.00 + .00
Copyright © 2006 Cognizant Communication Corp.
Printed in the USA

Asbestos as a Possible Major Cause of Malignant Lung Tumors (Including Small Cell Carcinoma, Adenocarcinoma & Mesothelioma), Brain Tumors (I.E. Astrocytoma & Glioblastoma Multiforme), Many Other Malignant Tumors, Intractable Pain Including Fibromyalgia, & Some Cardio-Vascular Pathology: Safe & Effective Methods of Reducing Asbestos From Normal & Pathological Areas

Yoshiaki Omura, M.D., Sc.D., FACA, FICAE, DAAPM, FAAIM, FRSM

Director of Medical Research, Heart Disease Research Foundation; President, Int'l College of Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics; President, Japan Bi-Digital O-Ring Test Medical Society; Adjunct Prof., Dept. of Community & Preventive Medicine, New York Medical University

High incidences of Small Cell Carcinoma & Adenocarcinoma of the lung, Astrocytoma & Glioblastoma Multiforme of the brain and Mesothelioma of the lung were found in those who had a high accumulation of Asbestos in the eyes and upper respiratory system (nose, larynx, trachea, etc). When measured non-invasively using the Bi-Digital O-Ring Test (BDORT), brain tumors had the highest concentration of Asbestos (0.2~2.1mg BDORT units). Relatively high levels of Asbestos (0.2~0.6 mg BDORT units) were found in: Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the lungs & esophagus, Adenocarcinoma of the larynx & breast, myelogenic leukemia, arteries of these cancers, left ventricle of failng heart, myocardial infarction, some of the narrowed arteries, varicose veins, cataracts, balding heads, hot flashes, Alzheimer's disease and Autism. A small, round or ellipsoidal area, with diameter of 5 mm or less, was found near the center of every cancer tissue with a higher level of Asbestos (1~3 mg), As, Zn, Cr and Se, than in the rest of the tumor; this small area may be where the cancer initiated. Among areas of intractable pain with frequent recurrence and gradual worsening, about 0.2~0.5 mg BDORT units (or higher) of Asbestos were found. The author found that in the Astrocytoma and many other cancer patients, the optimal dose of DHEA produced very significant reductions of cancer cell telomere from over 1400 ng in the brain tumors (and over 900 ng in other cancers) to close to or less than 1 yg(=10-24 g), with circulatory improvement by reduction of TXB2. Unlike the standard, widely used treatment with DHEA 25~50 mg daily, which is an overdose; we only gave one optimal dose (1.5~12.5 mg) and the beneficial effects usually lasted anywhere between 306 months, unless inhibiting factors were introduced. In addition, once one optimal dose of DHEA was given, the amount of Asbestos from these tumors decreased very significantly (30~99% reduction) with marked increase in urine Asbestos. One optimal dose of special Cilantro tablet reduced more Asbestos than DHEA or (+) Qi Gong Energy Stored Paper. In addition, the application of (+) solar Energy Stored Paper often reduces 70~99% of the Asbestos, while (+) Qi Gong Energy Stored Paper reduces 50~99% of the Asbestos.

Key words: Asbestos, Telomere, Mesothelioma, Malignant Tumors (Lung, Brain, Breast, Ovary, Esophagus, & Colon), Astrocytoma, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Intractable Pain, Intractable Itchiness, Cardio-Vascular Diseases, Fibromyalgia, TXB2, DHEA, Acupuncture, Qi Gong (Qigong) or Solar Energy Stored Paper

Correspondence: 800 Riverside Dr (8-I), New York, NY 10032, USA. Tel: (212) 781-6262; Fax: (212) 923-2279