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ACUPUNCTURE & ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS RESEARCH
The International Journal

ABSTRACTS
Volume 33, Numbers 3/4

Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 33, pp. 135-143, 2008
0360-1293/08 $20.00 + .00
Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Communication Corp.
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Comparing the Clinical Effect of Five Varying Locations of LI.4 Acupoint

Dominic P. Lu, DDS, FICAE, FAGD, FRSH (Engl), FICD
Professor of Oral Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Director of Medical and Dental Externship Education
Lehigh Valley Hospital/Penn State University College of Medicine
President, American Society for the Advancement of Anesthesia in Dentistry

Gabriel P. Lu, MD, PhD, FICAE, FACA
Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology, Albert Einstein College for Medicine
Director of Acupuncture Clinic, Montefiore Medical Center

Abstract: LI.4 is a major acupoint but the method of locating it has not been standardized. In fact, description of method for locating this acupoint often varies in the classic and traditional texts. It might signify this point may be varied from one to another person. Our comparative study of locating and subsequent acupuncturing these locations revealed some interesting features of LI.4 from our collected clinical data in that location 1 had a better therapeutic effect for toothache relief and analgesia-anesthesia effect than for headache relief, location 2 was better for headache than toothache relief, locations 3 and 4 had a mixed effect whereas, location 5 seems to have a better chance to get bioenergy (De Qi) as manifested by tingling and numbing sensation at the acupunctured site. Our study also suggested that LI.4 location was about the size of 4 millimeters in diameter instead of a pin-point location, though needle inserted at correct point produced a better result.

Key Words: LI.4; Localizing acupuncture point; Pain; Toothache and headache; Tingling sensation; Varying locations.




Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 33, pp. 145-156, 2008
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Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Communication Corp.
Printed in the USA

The Antipruritic Effect of Acupuncture on Serotonin-Evoked itch in Rats

Jae-Bok Han M.D., O.M.D., Ph.D., Instructor
Chan Woo Kim O.M.D., M.A., Researcher
Boram Sun O.M.D., Assistant
Dept. of East-West Medicine, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University.

Sun Kwang Kim O.M.D., Ph.D.
Assistant, Dept. of Physiology, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University.

Min Goo Lee M.D., Ph.D.
Prof., Dept. of Physiology, College of Medicine, Korea University.

Dong Suk Park O.M.D., Ph.D.
Prof., Dept. of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University.

Byung-Il Min M.D., O.M.D., Ph.D.
Prof. & Chairman, Dept. of East-West Medicine, Graduate School; Department of Physiology, College of medicine, Kyung Hee University.

Abstract: The antipruritic effect of acupuncture was studied using a rat model of hindlimb scratching. After acupuncture or electroacupuncture (EA), which was conducted for 30 min, itch-associated behavior was induced by an intradermal injection of 2% serotonin (20 mJ) into the rostral back, and then numbers of scratching bouts were counted for 60 min. During the first experiment, acupuncture stimulations were applied to several different points. However, acupuncture significantly reduced numbers of scratching only when applied to cervical dermatomes. In the second experiment, plain acupuncture of 2Hz, or 120Hz EA were applied to acupoints LI 11 and LI 4, at which acupuncture stimulation produced the greatest antipruritic effect in the 1st experiment, and as serotonin was administered in the same manner described for the 1st experiment. Results showed that 2Hz EA stimulation tended to increase pruritic bouts by approximately 18% versus the animals treated with plain acupuncture, whereas 120Hz EA stimulation tended to decrease pruritic bouts by approximately 39% compared with animals subjected to plain acupuncture. When nor-binaltorphimine (a k-opioid receptor antagonist) was pretreated to elucidate the relation between k-opioid receptor and the antipruritic effect of 120Hz EA, it was found to markedly inhibit the antipruritic effect of 120Hz EA. These results suggest that acupuncture and EA stimulation are effective treatments for pruritus if administered to dermatomes corresponding to affected sites or to adjacent dermatomes and that this effect is due to the antipruritic effect of k-opioid receptor activation maximally induced by high-frequency EA stimulation.

Key Words: Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Opioid receptors; Dermatome; Pruritus; Serotonin




Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 33, pp. 157-167, 2008
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Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Communication Corp.
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The role of the Intensity of low Frequency Electroacupuncture Stimulation on the Modulation of Capsaicin- Induced Edema in the Rat Paw. A Blind Controlled Study.

Francesco Ceccherelii., F.I.C.A.E.
Research Professor of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Department of pharmacology and Anesthesiology, University of Padova; Head of Pain Service and Palliative Care Unit of I.O.V. (Instituto Oncologico Veneto)- IRCCS; A.I.R.A.S. Padova, Italy

Giuseppe Gagliardi, M.D., Ph.D., F.I.C.A.E.
Department of Pharmacology and Anesthesiology, University of Padova; I.O.V. (Instituo Oncologico Veneto)- IRCCS; A.I.R.A.S.- Padova, Italy

Roberto Casale, M.D.
Head of Neurorehabilitation Service of the Rehabilitation Center of Montescano, Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Pavia, Italy

Antonella Roveri, M.D.
Department of Biologica Chemistry, University of Padova, A.I.R.A.S.- Padova, Italy

Carlo Ori, M.D.
Full Professor of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Department of Pharmacology and Anesthesiology, University of Padova, Italy

Abstract: Experimental animal and clinical human data suggest that electroacupuncture (EAP) reduces the release of substance p from sensitive neurons, both at medullar level and in the periphery. Aim of our study is to verify the effect of different intensities of stimulation on edema induced by subcutaneous administration of capsaicin. The study was performed on 72 male Sprague-Dawley rats divided into 4 experimental groups according to the intensity of electrostimulation (5, 10, 50, 70 mA) and a control group. A constant current electrical stimulator delivering positive and negative biphasic wave (duration of one pulse wave complex: 500 msec; pulse repetition rate: 5/sec) has been used for the stimulation. The lowest intensity of stimulation (5 mA) was effective in the prevention of neurogenic edema. Conversely, higher stimulation intensities, namely 10 and 50 mA, were not effective in reducing edema. Stimulation at 70 mA caused a worsening of edema, probably due to an increased release of substance P in the paw.

Key Words: Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Pain; Neurogenic Inflammation; Capsaicin; Edema; Electrical stimulation intensity; Rat.




Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 33, pp. 169-178, 2008
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Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Communication Corp.
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Heart Transfer Involved in a Warm (Moxa-Heated) Needle Treatment

Vincent C. Huang, Ph.D., Post-Doctoral Fellow
Department of Engineering Sciences and Ocean Engineering, national Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, 10617 Taiwan

Tony W.H. Sheu, Ph.D., Professor
Department of Engineering Sciences and Ocean Engineering, national Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, 10617 Taiwan

Abstract: A numerical study was performed to reveal the temperature distributions in tissues around the GB38 acupoint during the warm (moxa-heated) needle treatment (WNT). The proposed WNT model involves a needle, needle handle and the calf section around the GB38 acupoint. For validating the numerical results, measurement using the calibrated infrared (IR) camera was also conducted. Our aim was to calculate the skin surface temperature and the temperatures under warm needle at different depths beneath the skin. From the temperature profile along the centerline of the acupuncture needle, the temperature is seen to decrease rapidly from the burning moxa section (200ºC) to the skin surface (36ºC). The temperature near the needle (36ºC) is only 1ºC higher than those predicted at other places (~35ºC). This phenomenon explains why this treatment practice is called the warm needle rather than the hot needle treatment.

Key Words: Warm (moxa-heated) needle; Infrared; Temperature; GB38 acupoint




Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 33, pp. 179-192, 2008
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Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Communication Corp.
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Randomized Control Trial of Hand Acupuncture for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

Jung Hyo Kim, Ph.D.
Chosun Nursing College, Gwang-Ju 501-759, Republic of Korea

Dongwoo Nam, O.M.D., Ph.D. candidate
Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Oriental Medicince, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea

Mi Kyung Park, Ph.D.
College of Nursing, Nambu University, Gwang-Ju 506-706, Republic of Korea

Eun Sook Lee, Ph.D.
College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Gwang-Ju 500-757, Republic of Korea

Sung Hoon Kim, O.M.D., Ph.D.
Cancer Prevention Material Development Research Center and Institute; College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee university Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea

Abstract: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of hand acupuncture treatment on the stress urinary incontinence of 52 women randomly assigned to Experimental hand acupuncture treatment group (n = 25) and Control group (n = 27). 11 hand acupuncture points were established as a basic treatment formula. Among them, 5 points on the midline of the palm represent the major acupoints of external genitals, bladder, abdominal aorta, stomach and heart, while the other 6 points were applied as supplementary ones (2 points on he mid line of the palm for adrenal glands and heart, 2 points near the wrist for kidneys and 2 points on the back of the hand for bladder). This basic treatment formula was applied to all subjects in the Experimental group. Additional treatments were given to the subjects with tenderness at ST27, CV4, or SP15, while no treatment to the subjects in Control group for 12 weeks of clinical study. In the present study, Hand acupuncture treatment significantly reduced the frequency of urinary incontinence compared to Control group. Similarly, the prevalence score of urinary incontinence was significantly reduced up to 37% of Control group in Experimental group. Furthermore, vaginal contraction pressure of the Experimental group was significantly increased 1.6 fold compared to Control group. In addition, hand acupuncture treatment significantly improved the scores of making friends, sexual life and social community in Experimental group compared to Control groups. Overall, these findings suggest that Hand acupuncture can be a potent alternative therapy for stress urinary incontinence.

Key Words: Hand acupuncture, Stress urinary incontinence, Randomized Control Trial, Vaginal contraction; Organ representation areas on the hand.




Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res., Int. J., Vol. 33, pp. 193-224, 2008
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Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Communication Corp.
Printed in the USA

Organ Representation Areas of Different Internal Organs Localized on the Eyebrows & Eyelids by the Bi-Digital O-Ring Test Electromagnetic Resonance Phenomenon between 2 Identical Molecules- Part I: Detection of Increased Markers for Cancer & Heart Disease from White Hairs on the Eyebrows and Marked Decrease in the Markers after Taking One Optimal Dose of DHEA

Yoshiaki Omura M.D., Sc.D.
Director of Medical Research, heat Disaese, Research Foundation; Adjunct Prof. Dept. of Family & Community Medicine, New York Medical College; President, Int'l College of Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics; Prof., Dept. of Non-Orthodox Medicine, Ukrainian National Kiev Medical University

Abstract: Organ representation areas of different internal organs were localized on the eyebrows for the first time in 2005 and localized on the surrounding tissue around the eye in 2008 using the Bi-Digital O-Ring Test (BDORT) electromagnetic resonance phenomenon between 2 identical tissue. The appearance of white hairs at specific organ representation areas of eyebrows represent an abnormal condition of the specific internal organ in the BDORT grading is (-)4 or a higher negative value. When one of these white hairs on the eyebrows is examined at any location along its entire length by the BDORT, if the grading is a very abnormal negative value of (-)6 or a higher (-) value, significantly abnormal conditions exist or existed at the corresponding time at the specific location of the hair. The heart representation area on the eyebrow is located nearest to the bride of the nose on each side, where abnormally increased BNP (Brain Natriuretic Peptide) and cardiac Troponin I content is detected on the part of the white hair where the BDORT grading is (-)6 or a higher negative value. In the very abnormal part of the white hair representing the heart, Asbestos, TXB2, and PLGF (Placenta Growth Factor) are markedly increased, while DHEA is markedly reduced. If Integrin a5b1 and Oncogene C-fos Ab2 are more than 5-10 ng (BDORT) units, malignancy can be suspected. When one optimal dose of DHEA, 8.5 mg, was taken once, normal body tissue telomere was increased from less than 1 ng (during which time the patient experienced extreme tiredness and frequent urination) to 525 ng (BDORT units), not only did severe tiredness & frequent urination completely disappear, but also the white hair representing the left ventricle changed to black hair, and the semi-transparent white hair representing the kidney changed to a non-transparent white hair, with significant decreases in the abnormal parameters. Thus, it is possible to detect unrecognized serious heart conditions or early-stage cancer that are currently present or that were present in the recent past by examining the white hairs of the eyebrows, and these diseases can be improved by one optimal dose of DHEA or Astragalus.

Key Words: Eyebrow; Eyelids; White hair; BNP (Brain Natriuretic Peptide); Cardiac Troponin I; PLGF (Placental Growth Factor); TXB2 (Thromboxane B2); DHEA; Astragalus; Cancer; Integrin a5b1; Oncogene C-fos Ab2; Telomere; Asbestos; Organ representation areas of heart and kidney.