|ognizant Communication Corporation|
ACUPUNCTURE & ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS
The International Journal
Volume 34, Numbers 1/2
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res.,
Int. J., Vol. 34, pp. 1-13, 2009
0360-1293/09 $20.00 + .00
Copyright © 2009 Cognizant Communication Corp.
Printed in the USA
Methodological Standards for Experimental Research on Stroke Using Scalp Acupuncture
Guo-qing Zheng, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Prof., Center of Neuroology and Rehabilitation, the second affiliated hospital of Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China.
Abstract: Scalp acupuncture (SA) is a modality based on different physiologic functions of different brain areas, using needles to stimulate different scalp zones so as to excite the reflex-related nervous tissue. The findings of several studies showed that the clinical effect of SA on stroke was significant, but the exact mechanism is still unclear. In this research, some new ways of thinking and new methodological standards on stroke experiment using SA are put forward. They are as follows: A, establishment of standard animal model of stroke; B, simulation of head acupoint line on animal model following traditional Chinese medicine localization; C, acupuncture manipulation and quantity of stimulus for SA in animal model; D, optimal curative opportunity and instant effect of SA therapy on stroke; E, mechanism study of SA on stroke. This research may provide methodological reference for future mechanism study on stroke experiment using SA.
Key Words: Scalp acupuncture; Stroke; Experimental study; Methodological Standard
The role of Alternative and Complementary Treatments of Asthma
Etheresia Pretorious, Ph.D.
Professor of Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Abstract: Asthma is one of the leading chronic diseases of our times, with millions of sufferers worldwide and can be defined as a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that is temporarily reversible either spontaneously or by treatment. Although there are many allopathic treatments including bronchodilators and corticosteroids, which either focuses on long-term control or immediate relief, there is no single medication that is effective against both the inflammatory and bronchoconstrictive components of asthma. Therefore, many sufferers turn to alternative or complementary therapies, typically in conjunction with their regular allopathic medications. The current short communication briefly reviews the disease and investigates the types of alternative and complementary treatments available to asthma sufferers. It is concluded that therapies like acupuncture, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan and hypnosis are used by many asthma patients but it seems as if many patients do not communicate the use of such therapies to their medical practitioners. Results from documented research, however, show alternative therapies for the treatment of asthma have a role to play and are effective to alleviate symptoms. However, well-organized clinical trials are needed to document efficacy and delineate the specific types of interventions most appropriate for particular asthmatic populations.
Key Words: Asthma; Alternative therapies; Acupuncture; Shiatsu; Yoga; Holistic approach
Substance P and Beta Endorphin Mediate Electroacupuncture Induced Analgesic Activity in Mouse Cancer Pain Model
Hyo-Jeong Lee, Ph.D., Research Professor
Jae-Ho Lee, Ph.D.
Eun-Ok Lee, Ph.D., Professor
Hyo-Jung Lee, Ph.D., Research Fellow
Kwan-Hyun Kim, Ph.D.
Keun-Sung Lee, M.S.
Chan-Hee Lee, M.S.
Dong-Woo Nam, O.M.D
Sung-Hoon Kim, O.M.D., Ph.D., Professor
Cancer Preventive Material Development Research Center and Institute; College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University, Seoul 130-701, South Korea
Hye-Jung Lee, O.M.D., Professor
Kyoo-Seok Ahn, O.M.D., Professor
College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University, Seoul 130-701, South Korea
Abstract: Cancer pain impairs the quality of life of cancer patients, but opioid analgesics can not only cause inhibition of respiratory function, and constipation, but also other significant side effects such as addiction and tolerance that further decrease quality of life. Thus, in the present study, the effects of electro-acupuncture treatment (EA) on mechanical allodynia were examined in cancer pain mouse model. In order to induce neuropathic cancer pain model, S-180 sarcoma cells were inoculated around the sciatic nerve of left legs of Balb/c mice. The mass of S-180 cancer cells embedded around sciatic nerve in a time course was confirmed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanning. Mechanical allodynia was most consistently induced in mouse sarcoma cell line S-180 (2 x 106 sarcoma cells) treated group among all groups. EA stimulation (2Hz) was daily given to ST36 (Zusanli) of S-180 bearing mice for 30 min for 9 days after S-180 inoculation. EA treatment significantly prolonged paw withdrawal latency from 5 days after inoculation as well as shortened cumulative lifting duration from 7 days after inoculation compared with tumor control. In addition, the over-expressions of pain peptide substance P in dorsal horn of spinal cord were significantly decreased in EA treated group compared with tumor control on Day 9 after inoculation. Furthermore, EA treatment effectively increased the concentration of beta endorphin in blood and brain of mice more than tumor control as well as normal group. The concentration of b-endorphin for EA treatment group increased by 51.457% in blood and 12.6% in brain respectively, compared with tumor control group. These findings suggest that S-180 cancer pain model can be a consistent and short time animal model and also EA treatment can be alternative therapeutic method for cancer pain via decreased substance P and increased beta endorphin.
Key Words: Electro-acupuncture; Cancer pain mouse model; b-endorphin
Severe Asthma With Markedly Increased Asbestos of 2 types & TXB2, and Markedly Reduced Acetylcholine, DHEA & Drug Uptake in Parts of Upper Lungs, & Similar Abnormalities at Respiratory & Cardiac Center of Medulla Oblongata: Complete Elimination of this Asthma within 15 Days Using One Optimal Dose of Astragalus & Application of Strong Red Light & EMF Neutralizer on Respiratory Centers of Abnormal Medulla Oblongata
Yoshiaki Omura M.D., Sc.D., FICAE, DAAPM, FRSM, DABFM, FAAIM
Director of Medical Research, Heart Disease Research Foundation; Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Family & Community Medicine, New York Medical College; President, International College of Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics
Avraham Henoch, M.D., DABFM, FAAFM, FICAE
Attending Physician, St. Lukes-Roosevelt Hospital, NYC; Attending Community Physician, Dept. of Family Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center
Yasuhira Shimotsuura, M.D., FICAE
Vice President, Japan Bi-Digital O-Ring Test Medical Society; ORT Life Science Research Institute, Kurume City, Japan
Harsha Duvvi, M.D., MPH, FICAE
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Family and Community Medicine and Dept. of Neurology, New York Medical College
Hiroshi Kawashima, Lic. Ac., FICAE
ORT Life Science Research Institute, Kurume, City, Japan
Motomu Ohki, M.s., FICAE (Hon.)
ORT Life Science Research Institute, Kurume, City, Japan
Abstract: When the window of an Asbestos-contaminated room from a broken ceiling was opened wide, a 73 year-old male physician of Oriental origin, who was sitting in the next room, suddenly developed a severe asthma attack, which did not stop by the use of a hand-held Albuterol inhaler. Temporary relief was obtained only by using a Compressor-Nebulizer (Inspiration 626 with Albuterol Sulfate Inhalation Solution 0.083%). During the attack, abnormal areas were discovered at the upper lobes of both lungs, where Thromboxane B2 (TXB2) was markedly increased to 500 ng (BDORT units) (the rest of the lung had about 2.5 ng), 2 types of Asbestos (Chrysotile and Crocidolite) were abnormally increased to 0.120 ~ 0.135 mg, (BDORT units) Acetylcholine was markedly reduced to 0.5 ng (the rest of the lung was low, about 100 ng), DHEA was extremely reduced to 1 ng (the rest of the lung had about 52 ng), and telomere was less than 1 yg (=10-24g) Bacterial & viral infections were also present in these abnormal areas, but no antibiotics entered the abnormal parts of the lungs. Therefore, one optimal does of Astragalus was given once, which resulted in a rapid continuous excretion of large amounts of the above 2 types of Asbestos & TXB2 in urine & sputum, and Asthma symptoms reduced slightly in severity. Additional acupuncture & shiatsu given on all the known acupuncture points for lung disease only created slight, temporary improvement. Then, the respirator & cardiac center of the Medulla Oblongata was found to have similar abnormalities as the lungs. Therefore, 100 mW output of Light Emitting Diode of red spectra (650 nm center spectrum) was projected on the abnormal area of the medulla oblongata on the back of the head. This resulted drug uptake of on and off and significantly reduced difficulty of breathing. Additional application of the EMF Neutralizer on the abnormal area of the Medulla Oblongata for 3 hours resulted in continuous drug uptake and complete disappearance of asthma. As a result of one optimal dose of Astragalus, the remaining Asbestos in the lungs & medulla oblongata was completely excreted in the urine and Sputum in 2 weeks. Then, even when the patient entered the Asbestos-contaminated room and slept there every day without opening the window, no asthma attack occurred even as late as 5 months later.
Key Words: Asthma; Allergy; Asbestos; Thromboxane B2
(TXB2); DHEA; Astragalus; Red light; Selective Drug Uptake Enhancement
Method; EMF; Neutralizer; Micro-Carbon Coil; Telomere; Solar Energy-Stored
Paper; Qigong Energy-Stored Paper