ognizant Communication Corporation



Tourism in Marine Environments, Vol. 6, pp. 1-10
1544-273X/09 $60.00 + .00
DOI: 10.3727/154427309X12602327200181
Copyright © 2009 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Profile of Recreational Anglers Visiting Rottnest Island, Southwestern Australia

Lynnath E. Beckley

School of Environmental Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia

An on-site questionnaire of shore anglers at Rottnest Island revealed that few were day visitors and most were staying in rental accommodation on their annual holiday to the island. Though most people fished near the settlement area, angling was recorded at many other localities around the island. Most respondents were male, from the Perth metropolitan area (particularly the higher income coastal suburbs), and, in the previous year, had fished at the island on <5 days. Though there is a summer peak in island visitation, more anglers were encountered in winter than summer. This angler profile information was incorporated a priori into the temporal and spatial stratification of a subsequent recreational angling total catch and effort survey.

Key words: Usage patterns; Demographics; Expenditure; Attitudes

Address correspondence to Lynnath E. Beckley, School of Environmental Science, Murdoch University, 90 South Street, Murdoch, Western Australia, 6150, Australia. Tel: +61-8-9360-6392; Fax: +61-8-9239-8899; E-mail: L.Beckley@murdoch.edu.au

Tourism in Marine Environments, Vol. 6, pp. 11-24
1544-273X/09 $60.00 + .00
DOI: 10.3727/154427309X12602327200226
Copyright © 2009 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Low-Cost Cruises: A Business Model Analysis of Easycruise

Sven Gross

Hochschule Harz-University of Applied Sciences, Wernigerode, Germany The low-cost strategy has revolutionized European airlines in the past 10 years. In response there has been a tendency towards low-cost practices in other transport industries. Specifically, the cruising industry has changed substantially from being the exclusive domain of the privileged, to being more accessible to the masses. This is partly due to the growing range of convenient cruising choices: from "mega-cruisers" to low-cost cruise ships. Launched in 2005, easyCruise has redefined budget cruises by providing a "no frills" option. This report will use the example of easyCruise to explore the low-cost concept in the cruising business. It will address both the factors for its success as well as the risks and opportunities that it presents.

Key words: Low-cost strategy; Low-cost cruises; Low-cost ships; easyCruise; Budget cruises

Address correspondence to Sven Gross, Hochschule Harz-University of Applied Sciences, Friedrichstrasse 57-59, 38855 Wernigerode, Germany. Tel: +49 3943-659 279; Fax: ++49 3943-659 5279; E-mail: sgross@hs-harz.de

Tourism in Marine Environments, Vol. 6, pp. 25-37
1544-273X/09 $60.00 + .00
DOI: 10.3727/154427309X12602327200262
Copyright © 2009 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Motivations of Male and Female Shoreline Bird Watchers in New York

Diane M. Kuehn, Mary Joyce Sali,* and Rudy Schuster**

College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, Syracuse, NY, USA

Understanding birder motivations is essential for enhancing bird-watching opportunities and experiences. This study seeks to identify motivations for male and female away-from-home birders who reside in New York State and bird watch in shoreline areas. The results of a mail survey of 1,000 bird watchers are presented. Of the 460 respondents to the survey, 84% participated in bird watching in shoreline areas. Principal components and confirmatory factor analyses were used to identify motivational factors for these shoreline birders. Factors related to challenge, enjoying the outdoors, sharing of self, social, spiritual, and intellectual were identified for females, while appreciating birds, sharing knowledge, exploration, companionship, and spiritual were identified for males. Management implications are discussed.

Key words: Motivations; Bird watching; Component factor analysis

Address correspondence to Dr. Diane Kuehn, Associate Professor, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, 1 Forestry Drive, 320 Bray Hall, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA. Tel: 315-470-6561; Fax: 315-470-6535; E-mail: dmkuehn@esf.edu

*Currently with Mindanao State University, Marawi City, Philippines.
**Currently with the United States Geological Survey, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Tourism in Marine Environments, Vol. 6, pp. 51-57
1544-273X/09 $60.00 + .00
DOI: 10.3727/154427309X12602327200307
Copyright © 2009 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Recent Advances in Whale-Watching Research: 2008-2009

C. Scarpaci,1 M. Lück,2 And E. C. M. Parsons3,4

1School of Engineering and Science (Ecology and Sustainability Group), Victoria University, Victoria, Australia
2School of Hospitality and Tourism & New Zealand Tourism Research Institute, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand
3Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA
4University Marine Biological Station Millport, University of London, Isle of Cumbrae, Glasgow, UK

Whale-watching research encompasses a wide variety of disciplines and fields of study. These include monitoring the biological impacts of whale-watching activities on cetaceans and assessments of the effectiveness of whale-watching management and regulations, as well as the sociological and economic aspects of whale watching on communities hosting such activities. This article is the latest in a series of annual digests, which describes the variety and findings of whalewatching studies published since June 2008.

Key words: Whale watching; Code of conduct; Regulations; Management; Whale watchers; Protected areas

Address correspondence to E. C. M. Parsons, George Mason University, Room 3047, David King Building, Fairfax, VA 22030-4444, USA. E-mail: ecm-parsons@earthlink.net