Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research 37(4) Abstracts

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ACUPUNCTURE & ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS RES., INT. J., Vol. 37, pp.247-261, 2012 Copyright ©2012 Cognizant Communication Corp. Printed in the USA.
0360-1293/95 $60.00 + .00

Comparison of 2 Methods of Non-invasive Treatment between Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation and Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation as Replacement of Invasive Manual Acupuncture

Soo-Byeong Kim, Ph.D. candidate
Eastern & Western Biomedical System Laboratory, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea

Jung-Yoon Kim, Ph.D. candidate
Yonsei Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea

Sun-Woo Park, Ph.D. candidate
Yonsei Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea

Na-Ra Lee, M.S. candidate
Eastern & Western Biomedical System Laboratory, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea

Seung-Wook Lee, M.S. candidate
Eastern & Western Biomedical System Laboratory, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea

Young-Ho Kim, Ph.D.
Prof. of Yonsei Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea

Yong-Heum Lee, Ph.D.
Prof. of Eastern & Western Biomedical System Laboratory, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea

(Correspondence: Professor Yong-Heum Lee, Ph.D. Tel: +82-33-760-2863, Fax: +82-33-760-2920, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

(Received June 25, 2012; Accepted with revisions Sept 1, 2012)

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to find the non-invasive optimal alternative method for Manual Acupuncture. Existing researches had reported that Transcutaneous Electrical Acupoint Stimulation (TEAS) was an effective treatment method instead of manual acupuncture. In place of the TEAS, we suggested the Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs). Thus, we designed the PEMFs system which can stimulate only an acupoint. There have been no researches which reported therapeutic effect when stimulating at an identical acupoint by TEAS and PEMFs. Hence, this study investigated the therapeutic effect on the muscle fatigue after the strenuous knee extension/flexion exercise by two stimulations. We selected the stimulation method of both TEAS and PEMFs by using 2Hz biphasic rectangular wave pulse and pulse width 0.2ms. The magnetic flux was the 30.92mT (309.2gauss) at 2 Hz. The electromyogram (EMG) and the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) at rectus femoris were measured. The Median Frequency (MF) at TEAS group was significantly effective at 6 minutes (p=0.499). The PEMFs group was recovered to the MF rapidly after 4 minutes (p=0.166). The results of the peak torque indicated that both non-stimulation group and TEAS group did not recover to the peak torque at pre-exercise during the recovery period (p<0.05). In contrast, the significant treatment effect of PEMFs group was found after 14 minutes (p=0.135). The results of this study demonstrated that PEMFs were better than TEAS as a non-invasive method to replace the manual acupuncture.

Key Words: Pulsed electromagnetic fields; Muscle fatigue; Acupuncture point; Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation; Electromyogram.

 

ACUPUNCTURE & ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS RES., INT. J., Vol. 37, pp.263-275 , 2012 Copyright ©2012 Cognizant Communication Corp. Printed in the USA.
0360-1293/95 $60.00 + .00

The Effects of Acupuncture on the Levels of Blood Pressure and Nitric Oxide in Hypertensive Patients

Çınar Severcan, MSc, PhD Candidate
Dept. of Biochemistry, Gazi University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey

Cemal Çevik, MD
Professor, Dept. of Biochemistry, Gazi University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey; Coordinator of Acupuncture Training Courses, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

H. Volkan Acar, MD
Staff Anesthesiologist, Dept. of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Ankara Training and Research Hospital of Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey

Ayşe Banu Çaycı Sivri, MD
Professor, Dept. of Biochemistry, Gazi University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey

Ş. Setenay Mit, MD
Staff Physician, Acupuncture Division, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

Ersel Geçioğlu, MD
Staff Physician, Acupuncture Division, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

Özge Tuğçe Paşaoğlu, MSc, PhD Candidate
Dept. of Biochemistry, Gazi University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey

Yasemin Gündüztepe, MSc
Staff, Dept. of Biochemistry, Gazi University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey

(Correspondence: Dr. H. Volkan ACAR, Ankara Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Anestezi Kliniği, Ankara, Turkey; Tel: 0090-312-59533184; Fax: 0090-312-3633396; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

(Received July 5, 2012; Accepted with revisions November 30, 2012)

ABSTRACT: Hypertension possess a significant risk factor for a variety of diseases and affects millions of people all around the world. Recent studies suggest that NO plays a role in pathogenesis of hypertension while some investigators find a close relationship between acupuncture treatment and NO levels. We therefore aimed to investigate the effect of acupuncture on the levels of blood pressure and nitric oxide (NO) in hypertensive patients. After obtaining institutional ethics committee approval and patients’ informed consent, 32 essential hypertensive patients aged between 32-65 and taking antihypertensive drugs were included to the study. A total of 10 sessions of manual acupuncture were applied on body acupoints (EX-HN3 (Yintang), KI 3, LIV 3, SP 9, LI 4, HT 7, ST 36, SP 6) in 10 weeks. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels and blood NO levels were measured for 3 times (i.e. before & after the first session, and after the 10th session). Main outcome measures of our study were the changes in SBP and DBP as well as nitric oxide levels between 3 measurements were compared. Our study showed that SBP and DBP values decreased both after the 1st and 10th sessions of acupuncture treatments (p<0.05). The NO concentration also increased both after the 1st (71.5%) and 10th sessions (184.6%) (p<0.05).

Keywords: Blood Pressure; Hypertension; Complementary Therapies; Acupuncture; Humans; Adult; Nitric Oxide.

 

ACUPUNCTURE & ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS RES., INT. J., Vol. 37, pp. 277-293 , 2012 Copyright ©2012 Cognizant Communication Corp. Printed in the USA.
0360-1293/95 $60.00 + .00

SOMATIC ACUPUNCTURE VERSUS EAR ACUPUNCTURE IN MIGRAINE THERAPY: A RANDOMIZED, CONTROLLED, BLIND STUDY

Francesco Ceccherelli, M.D.1
Former Research Professor of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Department of Pharmacology and Anesthesiology, University of Padova;A.I.R.A.S., Padova

Antonello Lovato, M.D.1
Clinic of family medicine of National Health Service, Lonigo,Vicenza; A.I.R.A.S., Padova

Eugenio Piana, M.D.1
Clinic of family medicine of National Health Service, Sandrigo,Vicenza; A.I.R.A.S., Padova

Giuseppe Gagliardi, M.D., Ph.D.1
Chief of the Department of Intensive Care Unit, ULSS 16, Padua, Italy;A.I.R.A.S., Padova

Antonella Roveri, M.D.1
Research Professor of Department of Biochemistry, University of Padua;A.I.R.A.S., Padova

1: A.I.R.A.S. – Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca e l’Aggiornamento Scientifico – Padua, Italy

(Corresponding Author: Francesco Ceccherelli, M.D.; Via Avellino 11; 35142 Padova, Italy; Phone and fax: 00390498364121; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

(Received September 20, 2012; Accepted with revision November 30, 2012)

ABSTRACT: This study compares the clinical effectiveness of somatic and ear acupuncture for treatment of migraine without aura. 35 patients were divided into 2 groups, one receiving somatic and the other ear acupuncture. Both groups were treated once a week for 8 weeks and needles were stimulated manually. The severity of pain was evaluated with the Migraine Index and the visual analogue of Scott-Huskisson; other 2 tests were used to monitor the pain threshold and Zung’s Self-rating Depression Scale was applied to assess variations in patients’ mood. These tests were performed before the beginning and at the end of treatment and, for the follow up, after 1, 3 and 6 months from the end of therapy. On the basis of the migraine index, pain at the end of therapy was significantly lower than before the treatment, being residual pain 54.83% and 63.43%, respectively for somatic and ear acupuncture. Apparently, the 2 treatments were equally effective, as no significant difference could be assessed. On the contrary, a significant difference between the 2 groups was clear during the follow up: in fact, after 6 months residual pain was 16.80% and 48.83% for somatic and ear acupuncture, respectively (p=0.038). These results were confirmed by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) test and by the evaluation of pain threshold. It is noteworthy that also Zung’s depression test showed a significant decrease of score was present in both groups, at all the times investigated with no difference between the two treatments. These results, though preliminary, are quite promising in supporting the effectiveness of ear acupuncture for treatment of migraine without aura.

KEY WORDS: Somatic acupuncture, Ear acupuncture, Pain, Migraine, Randomized controlled blind study.