Tourism Culture & Communication 15(1) Abstracts

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Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 15, pp. 1–20
1098-304X/15 $60.00
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/109830415X
14339495039333
E-ISSN 1943-4146
Copyright ©
2015 Cognizant, LLC.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

“Mobile Cultures” as Leisure Pursuits and Tourist Attractions: Gauchos, Cowboys, and Indians

Erik Cohen

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel

This comparative study combines conceptual approaches of the mobilities paradigm and postcolonial theory, with the notion of identity politics, in the analysis of two “mobile cultures”: the gauchos of the South American pampas and the cowboys and Indians of the American West. It examines the permutations that the representations of these myths underwent, as they “traveled” from their remote origins to national centers, and to ever further destinations abroad, in case studies of their dissemination in Argentina, Brazil, Germany, and Thailand. The article discusses specifically the routes and symbolic means of travel of the myths, the subcultures they engendered, the manner in which the representations of the iconic mythical figures were deployed to serve the identity politics at the destinations, and the leisure pursuits and commercialized tourist establishments, such as festivals, theme parks, and cowboy towns based on these myths.

Key words: Mobile cultures; Representations; Identity politics; Leisure pursuits; Tourist establishments; Gauchos; Cowboys; Indians

Address correspondence to Erik Cohen, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel. E-mail:  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 15, pp. 21–32
1098-304X/15 $60.00
+ .00
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/109830415X
14339495039379
E-ISSN 1943-4146
Copyright ©
2015 Cognizant, LLC.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

A Vacation Within a Vacation: Children’s Day Programs and Parental Satisfaction

Joel R. Agate,* Sarah T. Agate,* and Kathrin Birchler

*Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, The College at Brockport, State University of New York, Brockport, NY, USA
†Department of Health Education and Recreation, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, USA

Family vacations are an important part of life for many families and may lead to beneficial outcomes for family members. Potential negative aspects of family vacations have also been identified, including the stress of increased time together. Many accommodation providers have developed children’s day programs to help people negotiate these constraints. The purpose of this study was to explore how children’s participation in day programs influenced the parents’ experience on vacation. An open-ended questionnaire was e-mailed to parents whose children attended a children’s program while on family vacations and a qualitative analysis was performed. The overall theme that emerged during this study is that parents’ stressful experiences during family vacations can be moderated by participation in children’s programs. Findings indicated that parents were very satisfied with the programs, children’s participation in such programs provided opportunity for parental time alone, parents experienced positive emotions while their children were at the program, and the children’s program served as an affordance that helped parents negotiate constraints they experienced during the family vacation. Future research needs to further explore these findings to better understand how to help commercial accommodation providers better serve families.

Key words: Affordances; Family holiday; Family recreation; Family tourism; Family vacation

Address correspondence to Joel R. Agate, Assistant Professor, Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, The College at Brockport, State University of New York, 350 New Campus Drive, Brockport, NY 14420, USA. Tel: (585) 395-5914; Fax: (585) 395-5246; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 15, pp. 33–46
1098-304X/15 $60.00
+ .00
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/109830415X
14339495039414
E-ISSN 1943-4146
Copyright ©
2015 Cognizant, LLC.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Tourism Impacts in a Multiethnic Society: The Case of Baluchis in Iran

Ahmad Reza Sheikhi

University of La Laguna, Canary Islands, Spain

This study is set in the context of Iran’s Baluchistan, an area where an exotic ethnic culture is threatened. The present study investigated how Baluchistan’s ethnic and cultural uniqueness may be preserved and, indeed, integrated with the planned introduction and development of ethnic tourism. In light of this information, the research focuses on opportunities that ethnic diversity provides in multiethnic societies. The government, tourism entrepreneurs, Baluch ethnic group, religious leaders, and tourists have been identified as the stakeholders with greatest interest in ethnic tourism. A conceptual framework is presented for ethnic tourism development in the Baluchistan area of Iran. Five key stakeholder groups have been identified in order to understand their distinguishing features with a view to achieving constructive relations and to increase unity in the context of a multiethnic society through the development of ethnic tourism.

Key words: Tourism; Multiethnic societies; Unity; Development; Iran’s Baluchistan

Address correspondence to Ahmad Reza Sheikhi at his current address: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), C/Capitan Haya 42, 28020 Madrid, Spain. Tel: +34 683329978; E-mail:  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 15, pp. 47–58
1098-304X/15 $60.00
+ .00
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/109830415X
14339495039450
E-ISSN 1943-4146
Copyright ©
2015 Cognizant, LLC.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

The Role of Cultural Activities in Tourism Development: An Urban–Rural Perspective

Harald Pechlaner,* Anna Bialk-Wolf,† and Daniel Zacher*

*Center for Entrepreneurship, Catholic University of Eichstatt-Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany
†Academy of Tourism and Hotel Management, Gdansk, Poland

Drawing on a main tenet of attraction systems theory, the article describes and explains the importance of cultural activities for tourism development in the context of the urban–rural relationship. The impact of culture on regional and tourism development has been an important research focus in recent years. However, the role of cultural activity in tourism development and its impacts on the urban–rural relationship have received little attention from academics. This article contributes to research by identifying problems associated with tourism development and the potential of cultural activities to overcome such challenges. The study draws upon the theory of the tourist attraction system that was developed by Leiper in 1990. Qualitative inquiry was used to ensure depth and richness in our case analysis. The results show that cultural activities in the small town setting have substantial importance for tourism development in both the city and in surrounding areas. However, it was found that awareness of the offer is limited to the immediate region. It is proposed that tourism service providers should identify more closely with the available cultural activities in order to create a valuable tourist offer that has potential to reach new target groups.

Key words: Cultural activities; Tourism development; Urbanrural relationship; Attraction systems

Address correspondence to Prof. Harald Pechlaner, Chair of Tourism and Center for Entrepreneurship, Catholic University of Eichstatt- Ingolstadt, P.Phil.-Jeningen-Platz 2, DE-85072, Eichstatt, Germany. Tel: + 49 (0)8421 93 – 1185; E-mail:  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 15, pp. 59–64
1098-304X/15 $60.00
+ .00
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/109830415X
14339495039496
E-ISSN 1943-4146
Copyright ©
2015 Cognizant, LLC.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Research Note

Beyond Historical Adversaries: Exploring New Grounds for Peace Through Tourism Between Iran and the US

Yeganeh Aghazamani and Carter A. Hunt

Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, Penn State University, University Park, PA, USA

Scholars are increasingly exploring tourism as a means of promoting peace, largely on the basis that cultural understanding and interaction occur when particular forms of host–guest contact occur. The purpose of this article is to apply theoretical insights from the growing body of scholarship on tourism-related peace that would be most relevant to tourism between two historical adversaries: Iran and the US. After touching upon the historical and current nature of tourism to Iran, we focused on theoretically informed opportunities for peace through tourism between these two countries, that is, the forms of US visitation most likely to facilitate tourism-related improvements in relations between citizens of these two countries. The policy and planning recommendations emphasized here will be of relevance to those interested in tourism-facilitated peace regardless of geographic context.

Key words: Peace; Tourism; Politics; Contact hypothesis; Iran; United States

Address correspondence to Yeganeh Aghazamani, Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, Penn State University, 801C, Donald H. Ford Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. E-mail:  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it