Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research 43(1) Abstracts

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ACUPUNCTURE& ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS RES., INT. J., Vol. 43, pp.1-18, 2018
Copyright ©2018 Cognizant Communication Corp. Printed in the USA.
0360-1293/18 $60.00 + .00
https://doi.org/10.3727/036012918X15202760634905

Frequent waking up for urination &/or painful leg cramp(s) in advanced aged patients during sleep was one of important causes of fall & fracture which are major causes of disability & death. These problems can be reduced by simple change of available pillow from regular position to vertical position which can cover back of both head & part of chest which improve abnormal condition of spine & Thymus gland function

Yoshiaki Omura M.D., Sc.D., FICAE, FRSM

Adjunct Prof., Family & Community Medicine, New York Medical College; President & Prof. of International College of Acupuncture and Electrotherapeutics; Former Director of Medical Research, Heart Disease Research Foundation

(Correspondence: 800 Riverside Drive, #8I, New York, NY, 10032, USA. Phone: 1-212-781-6262; Cell-Phone: 1-917-715-5415; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ; www.icaet.org)

(Received: November 15, 2017; Accepted with revision: January 23, 2018)

This author began to have backache and also noticed that one side of the heel of the shoe was rapidly diminishing and his back began to bend forward. Because of this, before sleeping, he put a large, flat, wooden board above the bed and after covering the wooden board, with soft sheet, he began to sleep on this board every night. He noticed that after he started using this flat, wooden board, he began to wake up every night every 2.5~3 hours without urinary tract infections. Since other people noticed that the author seemed to be walking with his body bent forward instead of straight, he examined the effects of inserting one small soft pillow under his back. Suddenly, he noticed that frequency of waking up during sleeping reduced to half. But when he slept again without placing additional pillow, his painful leg cramps & frequent urination returned. Eventually, we found very simple solution of keeping continuous sleep without frequent waking up in the middle of the night due to frequent urination or leg cramps by simply changing regular, soft pillow from horizontal position to vertical position so that both back of head & back of part of the chest will be covered using same one pillow. We were able to reproduce similar effects with other people. Concerning the physiological mechanism, using Bi-Digital O-Ring Test (BDORT; received US Patent for non-invasive diagnosis in 1993), we can determine noninvasively any abnormal parts of the body or identifies if anyone bent their body forward, BDORT of entire body became most undesirable strong negative (−)6~(−)12 value with marked reduction of Thymosin α1 & Thymosin β4, while when the back is kept straight, BDORT is beneficial positive (+)6~(+)12 value with significant increase in both Thymosins. Undesirable similar BDORT strong negative (−)12 response was detected when any person slept on most of the bed with one positive pillow, but changing soft BDORT (+) pillow from horizontal position to vertical position reaching lower end of scapular bone or most of thoracic vertebra made BDORT strong positive (+)12, which can be obtained also by optimal dose of essential, nutritional substance (i.e. optimal dose of Vitamin D3 which has 10 unique, beneficial effects) is taken. Therefore, treatment of any disease with combined use of vertically placed BDORT (+) pillow & optimal dose of Vitamin D3 during sleep is highly beneficial, since both methods significantly increased the release of Thymosin α1 (which has powerful anti-cancer & anti-inflammatory effects) and Thymosin β4 (improves the cardiovascular system) significantly.

Keywords: Frequent urination during sleep; Painful cramp during sleep; Thymus gland; Vertebrae & thymus gland function; Thymosin α1; Thymosin β4


ACUPUNCTURE& ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS RES., INT. J., Vol. 43, pp.19-28, 2018
Copyright ©2018 Cognizant Communication Corp. Printed in the USA.
0360-1293/18 $60.00 + .00
https://doi.org/10.3727/036012918X15202760634914

The Difficult and Unpredictable Healing of Chronic Diseases Explained by the Nonequilibrium Theory of Prigogine

Maria Kuman, PhD

Holistic Research Institute, 1414 Barcelona Dr., Knoxville, TN 37923, USA
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(Received: December 31, 2017; Accepted with revisions: January 15, 2018)

Chronic diseases result from strong or prolonged stress. Prolonged stress is a series of milder stressors acting through small intervals of time, which allows their negative effects on the body to accumulate. A series of milder stressors prolonged stress) led to the onset of the chronic disease and only a series of very mild stressors (acupuncture treatments) done on a daily basis 14 to 20 days in a row could heal the chronic disease through accumulation of the positive stimulation effect of each treatment. This article uses the nonequilibrium theory of Prigogine to explain that the healing of chronic diseases is difficult and unpredictable in principle. If the series of acupuncture treatments need to be repeated, the acupuncturist shouldn’t be blamed for this because the healing is unpredictable in principle. This makes essential the early detection and prevention of chronic diseases. For early detection, pulse diagnostic was used in ancient times, pulsographs in modern times, and the patients’ complaint about ‘moving pain’ could be used for this. This article offers a nonlinear mathematical model allowing computerized-measurements for early detection of oncoming chronic disease, which is a glimpse to the preventive acupuncture medicine of the future.

Key words: Chronic diseases and stress; How acupuncture heals chronic diseases; Non-equilibrium theory of Prigogine; Difficult & unpredictable healing of chronic diseases; Prevention instead of healing of chronic diseases; Mathematical model; Computerized early detection of chronic diseases.


ACUPUNCTURE& ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS RES., INT. J., Vol. 43, pp.29-37, 2018
Copyright ©2018 Cognizant Communication Corp. Printed in the USA.
0360-1293/18 $60.00 + .00
https://doi.org/10.3727/036012918X15202760634923

Sensor Based Portable Tremor Suppression Device for Stroke Patients

A. Kalaiarasi, M.E. (in E.E.)
Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

L. Ashok Kumar M.E. (in E.E), M.B.A., (in HRM)., Ph.D.(in E.E)
Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

(Correspondence: A. Kalaiarasi, M.E., Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India Tel: +91-9842348280, E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

(Received April 15, 2017; Accepted with revisions December 15, 2017)

Objective: Tremor is a clinically depicted commonly encountered neurological disorder which results after a stroke or brain injury like Parkinson’s disease which causes rhythmic and reflex oscillatory movement of a body, particularly upper arm, which is difficult to diagnose and manage. Tremor is influenced by Physiological and Psychological factors which can affect any age group specifically in middle age and older persons. The modern treatment facilities and features available are very expensive and unreachable for rural people. Hence there arises a necessity to develop a portable device to overcome such situations. Methods: This paper introduces a portable and wearable device using accelerometer sensor assisted with pneumatic mechanism for tremor suppression in the upper arm. This portable device may help to suppress tremor and improve muscle control and coordination in the upper arm. Once the device is connected with the patients arm, the pneumatic circuit supplies required air through the hand cuff to keep the arm on control with reference to the signal obtained from the accelerometer sensor. The results: The performances of the device are measured in three different stages say before inflation, during partial inflation and full inflation. The results depicts 30% of improvement in tremor suppression at three different levels of tremor occurrence which is measured in terms of voltage between 1.6 and 2V at high, medium and low levels at different time intervals with frequency <10Hz. Conclusion: This device is a cost effective and portable closed loop system which is exclusively designed to reduce the tremor without affecting the upper limb voluntary movements.

Keywords: Post-stroke disorder, Posterior cerebrum, Accelerometer sensor, Pneumatic system


ACUPUNCTURE& ELECTRO-THERAPEUTICS RES., INT. J., Vol. 43, pp.39-57, 2018
Copyright ©2018 Cognizant Communication Corp. Printed in the USA.
0360-1293/18 $60.00 + .00
https://doi.org/10.3727/036012918X15202760634932

Heat Pain Threshold Measurement Using Akabane’s Method and Problems Associated With it and Potential Improvements in Clinical Practice

Artem N. Emelyanov, M.D., Ph.D.
Senior Researcher, Laboratory of High Laser and Magnetic Technology, North-Western State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia

Vladimir I. Akhtyrsky, M.D., Ph.D.
Doctor of Clinic of Faculty Surgery, North-Western State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia

Konstantin P. Gamaunov, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, North-Western State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia

Vera V. Kiryanova, M.D., Ph.D.
Professor & Head of the department, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, North-Western State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia

(Correspondence: Artem Nicolaevich Emelyanov, M.D., Ph.D., Senior Researcher, Laboratory of High Laser and Magnetic Technology, North-Western State Medical University, Kyrochnaya street 41, St. Petersburg, 191015, Russia, Tel: +7-964-3273960; Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

(Received December 16, 2017; Accepted with revisions January 5, 2018)

The basis of Akabane’s method is the evaluation of latent periods (LPs) of heat pain in the fingertips skin where there are acupuncture channels. Each of these LPs is the period elapsing between the application of a heat stimulus and the caused heat pain. The evaluation allows identifying acupuncture channels lesions. Thereby, acupuncture treatment for many diseases may easily be prescribed. Unfortunately, the boundaries of reliability and the error of one measurement by this method have not yet been exactly determined. These circumstances do not allow the method to be improved. The purpose of this work was to overcome the abovementioned problems. 47 healthy subjects were examined. LPs were determined 3 times with 20-minute interval. The patterns of changes in heat sensations during LP were also studied. Results: We defined by statistical investigation the LPs are valid in ranging from 6 to 55 seconds when the first measurement. The value of LP measurement error is increased during this period from ± 3 to ± 5.5 seconds in accordance with the formula of S-shaped curve. Re-measurement in 20 minutes at the same loci is not reliable. We confirmed the presence of the skin stable zones which differ in thermal pain sensitivity. We found wavelike changes of thermal sensitivity during heating with a half-cycle of 60–90 seconds when painful stimuli and 120–150 seconds when closely to pain. We have determined the ratio of LPs and the sensitivity states of the respective receptive zones are linear in the area of strong thermal sensations. This ratio may be named the generalized basic law of psychophysics since the Weber-Fechner law is its particular case. Conclusions: Akabane’s method in its classic form is not significant because many LPs obtained by it are either very short or very long. However, using the LP errors and other regularities obtained by us it can be developed into significant. This will improve the examination of patients, specify and individualize their treatments, and will also allow the method to be used for scientific researches. In addition, the examination time will be reduced from 15–30 to 8–15 minutes.

Keywords: Acupuncture diagnosis; Akabane’s method; Thermal pain sensitivity; Heat pain threshold; Fast biorhythms; Basic law of psychophysics