Tourism Analysis

Editors: Muzaffer Uysal

Volume 19

ISSN: 1083-5423; E-ISSN: 1943-3999

Softbound

6 issues per year

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Aims & Scope

The aim of Tourism Analysis is to promote a forum for practitioners and academicians in the fields of Leisure, Recreation, Tourism, and Hospitality (LRTH). As a interdisciplinary journal, it is an appropriate outlet for articles, research notes, and computer software packages designed to be of interest, concern, and of applied value to its audience of professionals, scholars, and students of LRTH programs the world over. The scope of the articles will include behavioral models (quantitative-qualitative), decision-making techniques and procedures, estimation models, demand-supply analysis, monitoring systems, expert systems and performance evaluation, assessment of site and destination attractiveness, new analytical tools, research methods and related areas such as validity and reliability, scale development, development of data collection instruments, methodological issues in cross-national and cross-cultural studies, and computer technology and use.

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 Title page: This should contain the title, all author names, and corresponding affiliation(s) for each author, which includes Department, Institution, City (State), Country. The corresponding author must be clearly designated and a complete mailing address and email address for the corresponding author must be included (phone and fax numbers are optional). A short title should also be included.

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Text citations: (Gunn, 1990) or (Fesenmaier et al., 1994; Mazanec, 1992, 1993; Uysal & Gitelson, 1994) or (Crompton, 1979, p. 411) (for quoted material). Note that names are to be alphabetical within the parenthetical, NOT by date order.
Journal Article: Crouch, I. G. (1994). The study of international tourism demand: A review of findings. Journal of Travel Research, 33(1), 12–23.
Book: Witt, E. S., & Witt, C. A. (1992). Modeling and forecasting in tourism. London: Academic Press.
Chapter/pages in edited book: Frechtling, C. D. (1994). Assessing the impacts of travel and tourism: Measuring economic benefits. In J. R. Brent Ritchie & C. R. Goeldner (Eds.), Travel, tourism, and hospitality research (2nd ed., pp. 367–391). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Internet Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2009). The impact of culture on tourism. Retrieved from http://www.oecdbookshop.org

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(Scroll down to view tables of contents for all Volumes and Issues)

VOLUME 18, NUMBER 6

Sustainable Festival Populations: An Application of Organizational Ecology
Tommy D. Andersson, Don Getz, and Reidar J. Mykletun

The Measurement of Emotions Elicited Within Festival Contexts: A Psychometric Test of a Festival Consumption Emotions (FCE) Scale
Jenny (Jiyeon) Lee and Gerard T. Kyle

Revelation of Nature-Minded Travelers: A Study of the Swedish
Joseph S. Chen, Nina K. Prebensen, Ya-Ling Chen, and Hyangmi Kim

International Sustainability Agreements: Are They Politically Influential for Tourism Governance Innovations?
Valentina Dinica

The Tourist’s Gaze: From the Perspective of a Muslim Woman
Asra Zaliza Bte Asbollah, Clare Lade, and Ewen Michael

Profiling Tourism SMEs According to Owners’ Support for Community: A Cluster Analysis Approach
Rob Hallak, Guy Assaker, and Peter O’Connor

RESEARCH NOTES

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of World Heritage Site Image: The Case of Hue
Mingming Cheng, Ipkin Anthony Wong, and Matthew Tingchi Liu

Trip Budget and Destination Advertising Response
Yeongbae Choe, Jason L. Stienmetz, and Daniel R. Fesenmaier

Social Valuation and Repeat Visitation of Grey Nomads in Regional Queensland of Australia
Renuka Mahadevan

Not so Different After All: Tourism Industry Members’ Opinions Regarding Recent and Future Tourism Issues
Sarah Nicholls

REVIEWS SECTION

REVIEW

Is There a Right to Tourism?
Noreen Breakey and Hugh Breakey

BOOK REVIEWS

Critical Debates in Tourism (Tej Vir Singh, Editor)
Laura B. Johnson

Future Tourism. Political, Social and Economic Challenges (James Leigh, Craig Webster, and Stanislav Ivanov, Editors)
Amy Savener

Volume 18 Subject and Author Index

VOLUME 18, NUMBER 5

Social Worlds as a Framework for Event and Travel Careers
Donald Getz and Ian Patterson

Tourism Destination Competitiveness: Internal and External Comparisons of Malta and Cyprus
Ernest Azzopardi and Robert Nash

Innovation and Collaboration: The Role of the National Government in Norway
Xiang Ying Mei, Charles Arcodia, and Lisa Ruhanen

Sex Tourism in Kenya: An Analytical Review
Kempe Ronald Hope, Sr.

The Mediating Role of Sensation Seeking on the Relationship Between Risk Perceptions and Travel Behavior
Mona Sharifpour, Gabrielle Walters, and Brent W. Ritchie

Mapping Spatial Tourism and Hospitality Employment Clusters: An Application of Spatial Autocorrelation
A. Chhetri, C. Arrowsmith, P. Chhetri, and J. Corcoran

Political Violence and Volatility in International Tourist Arrivals: The Case of Sri Lanka
Sriyantha Fernando, Jayatilleke S. Bandara, Susantha Liyanaarachch, Ruwan Jayathilaka, and Christine Smith

Do Political Instability, Terrorism, and Corruption Have Deterring Effects on Tourism Development Even in the Presence of UNESCO Heritage? A Cross-Country Panel Estimate
Ghialy Yap and Shrabani Saha

RESEARCH NOTE

Predictive Validity of SUSTAS
Ercan Sirakaya-Turk and Dogan Gursoy

Flower Power? Activity Preferences of Residents and Tourists to an Australian Flower Festival
Aaron Tkaczynski

REVIEWS SECTION

BOOK REVIEWS

Urban Tourism and Urban Change: Cities in a Global Economy (Costas Spirou)
Bernard M. Kitheka

Competitiveness and Tourism. Volumes I And II (Geoffrey I. Crouch and J. R. Brent Ritchie, editors)
Crispin Dale

VOLUME 18, NUMBER 4

Determinants and Perceived Outcomes of Tourism Research Collaboration
Anita Zehrer and Pierre Benckendorff

Tourism Competitiveness of Asia Pacific Destinations
Xi Yu Leung and Seyhmus Baloglu

Do They All Speak the Same Language? A Motivation–Benefit Model Toward Cultural Experiences for English-Speaking Tourists
Pandora Kay and Denny Meyer

Wine Tourism Experience Effects of the Tasting Room on Consumer Brand Loyalty
Johan Bruwer, Michael Coode, Anthony Saliba, and Frikkie Herbst

The Impact of the Destination’s Online Initiatives on Word of Mouth
Cristian Morosan

A Field Study of Factors and Variables Regarding Tour Destination Loyalty of Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh
Md Enayet Hossain, Mohammed Quaddus, and Tekle Shanka

Residents’ Attitudes Toward Tourism Development in Macao: A Path Model
Xiangping Li and Yim King Penny Wan

Knowledge Sharing and Social Technology Acceptance Model: Promoting Local Events and Festivals Through Facebook
Woojin Lee and Cody Morris Paris

RESEARCH NOTE

Second Life: The Potential of 3D Virtual Worlds in Travel and Tourism Industry
Yu-Chih Huang, Sheila J. Backman, Francis A. McGuire, Kenneth F. Backman, and Lan-Lan Chang

REVIEWS SECTION

BOOK REVIEWS

New Challenges for Tourism Promotion. Tackling High Competition and Multimedia Changes (Peter Keller and Christian Laesser, Editors)
Michał Żemła

Handbook of Research Methods in Tourism. Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches (Larry Dwyer, Alison Gill, and Neelu Seetaram, Editors)
Suosheng Wang

VOLUME 18, NUMBER 3

SPECIAL ISSUE
TOURISM AND THE HERITAGE OF DIASPORAS
Guest Editors: Warwick Frost, Jennifer Laing, and Keir Reeves

Tourism and the Heritage of Diasporas
Warwick Frost, Jennifer Laing, and Keir Reeves

Diasporic Identity, Heritage, and “Homecoming”: How Sarawakian-Chinese Tourists Feel on Tour in Beijing
Caroline Tie and Tony Seaton

Roots Tourism: Blackbirding and the South Sea Islander Diaspora
Joseph Cheer and Keir Reeves

The Diaspora Market and Homeland Representations: Implications for Niche Marketing
Deepak Chhabra

Return Travel, Assimilation, and Cultural Maintenance: An Example of Turkish-Americans in Arizona
Burcu Kaftanoglu and Dallen J. Timothy

Diaspora Tourism and Homeland Attachment: An Exploratory Analysis
Wei-Jue Huang, William J. Haller, and Gregory P. Ramshaw

Exploring the Conceptual Boundaries of Diaspora and Battlefield Tourism: Australians’ Travel to the Gallipoli Battlefield, Turkey, as a Case Study
Leonie Lockstone-Binney, John Hall, and Lutfi Atay

The Creation of Closeness: Identity Tourists in Who Do You Think You Are?
Elspeth Frew and Leanne White

Food, Wine . . . Heritage, Identity? Two Case Studies of Italian Diaspora Festivals in Regional Victoria
Jennifer Laing and Warwick Frost

RESEARCH NOTE

Enjoying Aeronautic Sports: A Strategic Plan for Hot Air Ballooning Development in Taiwan
Chiung-Tzu Lucetta Tsai

REVIEWS SECTION

REVIEW

The Risky Business of Understanding: Philosophical Hermeneutics and the Knowing Subject in Worldmaking
Kellee Caton


BOOK REVIEW

The Routledge Handbook of Tourism Geographies (Julie Wilson, Editor)
Carolin Funck

VOLUME 18, NUMBER 2

A Comparison of Implicit and Explicit Attitude Measures: An Application of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to Fast Food Restaurant Brands
Kwang-Ho Lee and Dae-Young Kim

The Changing Distribution of Global Tourism: Evidence From Gini Coefficients and Markov Matrixes
R. Geoffrey Lacher and Sanjay K. Nepal

Coordinating Relationships Among Destination Stakeholders: Evidence From Edinburgh (UK)
Ilenia Bregoli and Giacomo Del Chiappa

Developing and Testing a Suite of Institutional Indices to Underpin the Measurement and Management of Tourism Destination Transformation
Char-lee J. McLennan, Brent D. Moyle, Lisa M. Ruhanen, and Brent W. Ritchie

Argentinian and Brazilian Demands for Tourism in Uruguay
Silvia Altmark, Gabriela Mordecki, Florencia Santiñaque, and W. Adrián Risso

Evaluating the Impact of Crime on Tourism in Barbados: A Transfer Function Approach
Troy Lorde and Mahalia Jackman

Processing Fluency in the Use of Destination Websites
Liang (Rebecca) Tang, Soocheong (Shawn) Jang, and Seonjeong (Ally) Lee

Research Notes

Taking Dogs to Tourism Activities: Testing a Pet-Related Constraint–Negotiation Model
Annie Chen, Norman Peng, and Kuang-Peng Hung

Workplace Mobbing and Effects on Female Employees Health and Safety Needs and Turnover Cognitions
Derya Kara

Reviews Section

Book Review

Tourism Development After the Crises (Peter Keller and Thomas Beiger, Editors)
Sharon Teitler Regev

VOLUME 18, NUMBER 1

The Use of Network Analysis to Assess Relationships Among Stakeholders Within a Tourism Destination: An Empirical Investigation on Costa Smeralda-Gallura, Italy
Giacomo Del Chiappa and Angelo Presenza

Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Tourism: A Differential Passage Out of a Sociocultural Bubble to the “Open Space”
Yoel Mansfeld and Lee Cahaner

Community Case Study Research: Researcher Operacy, Embeddedness, and Making Research Matter
Dianne Dredge, Rob Hales, and Tazim Jamal

Assessing Visitors Preference of Various Roles of Tour Guides in the Himalayas
Surya Poudel, Gyan P. Nyaupane, and Dallen J. Timothy

Service Quality Perception and Satisfaction in a New Zealand Festivalscape: Buying Behavior Effects
Johan Bruwer

Leisure Travel Patterns of Zimbabwe’s Urban Population and Their Predictors
Oliver Chikuta, Njabulo Nkomazana, and Cleopas Njerekai

Reviewing the Web Features of Travel Agents in Singapore
Wai Mun Lim, Mohamed Abou-Shouk, and Phil Megicks

Research Notes

Tourism and the Services Sector Growth in Singapore
Sajid Anwar and Abbas Valadkhani

Does Size Really Matter? An Investigation of Cruise Ship Size
Scott Lee

Reviews Section

Book Review

Slow Tourism: Experiences and Mobilities (Simone Fullagar, Kevin Markwell, and Erica Wilson, Editors)
Rodanthi Tzanelli

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 6

Rural Tourism Production and the Experience-Scape
Jean-Christophe Dissart and David W. Marcouiller

A Model of ICDT Internet Flows on Mobile Devices for the Travel and Tourism Consumer
Stephen Burgess, Carmine Sellitto, and Stan Karanasios

Efficiency of the Malaysian Hotel Industry: A Distance Function Approach
Ali Salman Saleh, A. George Assaf, and Hong Son Nghiem

Domestic Nature-Based Tourism: A Case Study of Norway
Nina K Prebensen and Aaron Tkaczynski

Preferences for Heritage Tourism Development Using a Choice Modeling Approach
Jason Draper, Chi-Ok Oh, and Rich Harrill

Cultural Differences in Tourism Web Communication: A Preliminary Study
Sangwon Park and Yvette Reisinger

Strategies and Challenges of Tourist Facilities Management in the World Heritage Site: Case of the Maritime Greenwich, London
Azizul Hassan and Katia Iankova

Machismo–Marianismo and the Involvement of Women in a Community-Based Tourism Project in Ecuador, South America
Lauren N. Duffy, Rasul A. Mowatt, H. Charles Chancellor, and David A. Cárdenas

Research Notes

Understanding Constraints and Their Impact on School Excursion Tourism
Naomi F. Dale, Brent W. Ritchie, and Byron W. Keating

Tourism, Conventional Wisdom, and the News Media
Rich Harrill and Ryan R. Peterson

Book Review

The British on Holiday—Charter Tourism, Identity and Consumption (Hazel Andrews)
Sotiroula Liasidou

Volume 17 Subject and Author Index

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 5

Measuring the Economic Impact of Migration-Induced Tourism
Peter Forsyth, Larry Dwyer, Neelu Seetaram, and Brian King

The Impact of TV Drama Attributes on Touristic Experiences at Film Tourism Destinations
Sangkyun (Sean) Kim

Examining a Supply-Side Predictive Model in Tourism Using Partial Least Squares Path Modeling: An Empirical Analysis at the Country Aggregate Level
Guy Assaker and Rob Hallak

Second-Home Ownership and Place Attachment: Drivers of Visitation, Word-of-Mouth Promotion, and Hosting
Brumby McLeod and James A. Busser

Experience Quality in the Different Phases of a Tourist Vacation: A Case Study of Northern Norway
Nina K. Prebensen, Eunju Woo, Joseph S. Chen, and Muzaffer Uysal

Organizational-Level RFID Technology Adoption in the Hospitality Industry
Ahmet Bulent Ozturk, Radesh Palakurthi, and Murat Hancer

To What Extent Do Wineries Study Their Consumers and Visitors? Implications for Wine Tourism Development
Abel Duarte Alonso, Alessandro Bressan, Michelle O’Shea, and Vlad Krajsic

Casino Development and Visitor Satisfaction: A Case of Korea
Woo-Hee Byun, Bon-Ki Koo, and Timothy Jeonglyeol Lee

Research Notes

Eilat Syndrome: Deviant Behavior Among Temporary Hotel Workers
Yaniv Belhassen

Applications of Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling in Tourism Research: A Methodological Review
Guy Assaker, Songshan (Sam) Huang, and Rob Hallak

Book Review

Polar Tourism: Human, Environmental and Governance Dimensions (Patrick Maher, Emma Stewart, and Michael Lück)
Peter Mason

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 4

Examining the RV Travelers’ Camping Experience: A Social Media Approach
Jill Fjelstul, Youcheng Wang, and Xu Li

The Role of Environmental Attitude in a Nature-Based Festival: The Case of Boryeong Mud Festival
Youngjoon Choi, Christine N. Buzinde, Deborah Kerstetter, and Alan Graefe

How Do Weather Conditions Influence Leisure Traffic? Evidence From Michigan and Implications for Climate Change
Charles Shih and Sarah Nicholls

Are You a Tourist? Tourism Definition From the Tourist Perspective
Xiaojuan Yu, Namhyun Kim, Chih-Chien Chen, and Zvi Schwartz

How Do Less Advanced Forecasting Methods Perform on Weekly RevPAR in Different Rorecasting Horizons Following the Recession?
Tianshu Zheng, Barry A. N. Bloom, Xiaofan Wang, and Thomas Schrier

A Simple Framework for Evaluating the Economic Welfare of a Large Event
ShiNa Li

Cyprus as a Winter Destination: An Exploratory Study
Savvina Karyopouli and Christina Koutra

Towards a High-Quality Religious Tourism Marketing: The Case of Hajj Service in Saudi Arabia
Riyad Eid

DMA Model: Understanding Digital Marketing Adoption and Implementation by Islamic Tourism Organizations
Hatem El-Gohary and Riyad Eid

Research Notes

Beach Recreation Among Urban Dwellers in Lagos, Nigeria: A Multivariate Analysis of Preferences and Decision-Making Process
O. A. Ajala and I. R. Aliu

An Exploratory Study of Vacation Stress
John C. Crotts and Anita Zehrer

Netnographic Tourist Research: The Internet as a Virtual Fieldwork Site
Muchazondida Mkono

Book Review

Tourists, Signs and the City. The Semiotics of Culture in an Urban Landscape (Michelle M. Metro-Roland)

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 3

Written Complaints, Third-Party Intervention, and the Management of Paradoxes: Integrating Extremes
Adam Weaver

Impact of Tourism Marketing on Destination Image: Industry Perspectives
Jonathon Day, Liping Cai, and Laurie Murphy

Tell Me Who You Think You Are and I Tell You How You Travel. Exploring the Viability of Market Segmentation by Means of Travelers’ Stated Personality: Insights From a Mature Market (Switzerland)
Christian Laesser and Anita Zehrer

“Unfriendly, Unfunny, and Tyrannical”: An Exploratory Study of the Travel Guidebook in the Australian Print Media
Victoria Peel, Anders Sørensen, and Adam Steen

Tourism in El Salvador: Cointegration and Causality Analysis
Manuel Vanegas Sr.

Tour Operators’ Service Quality and Efficacy of Satisfaction Measurement
Fang Meng, Ercan (Sirakaya) Turk, and Volkan Altintas

Information Source Preferences and Associated Expenditure of First-Time and Repeat Visitors at a South African Wine Festival
Martinette Kruger, Karin Botha, and Melville Saayman

Governance of Tourism Planning in Macao
Penny Yim King Wan

Research Notes

The Rocket Science of Sustainable Tourism
Timothy J. Tyrrell and Robert J. Johnston

Factors Affecting Consumer’s Choice of Ethnic Restaurants
Hwa-Kyung Kim, Timothy Jeonglyeol Lee, and Seung-Hyun Yoon

Reviews Section

Review

China and Deep-Rooted Vision: Cultural Grammar in Contest in Tourism Today
Chun Xiao Hou

Book Review

Tourist Destination Governance. Practice, Theory and Issues (Eric Laws, Harold Richins, Jerome Agrusa, and Noel Scott, editors)
Denise Hewlett

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 2

e-Democracy and Web 2.0: A Framework Enabling DMOs to Engage Stakeholders in Collaborative Destination Management
Marianna Sigala and Dimosthenis Marinidis

Modeling Seasonal Variation in Tourism Flows With Climate Variables
Nada Kulendran and Larry Dwyer

Success in Hosted Accommodation: Does Owner Age Matter?
Paull Weber and Jack Carlsen

A Comparative Study of Tour Guides’ Interpretation: The Case of Macao
Man-u Io and Leonie Hallo

Destination Image Consistency and Dissonance: A Content Analysis of Goa’s Destination Image in Brochures and Guidebooks
Brian Garrod and Aleksandra Kosowska

French Nature-Based Tourist Potentials to Norway: Who Are They?
Aaron Tkaczynski and Nina K. Prebensen

Competition, Total Quality Management Practices, and Performance: Evidence From Upscale Hotels
Anoop Patiar, Michael C. G. Davidson, and Ying Wang

All Work and No Play Makes Jack a Dull Boy: An Exploration of Business Travelers’ Attendance at Live, Ticketed Entertainment Events
Matthew Bernthal, Mark Nagel, Rich Harrill, and Paul Riner

Research Notes

Frustration: A Comparison of Chain Hotel and Independent Hotel Employees
Rüya Ehtiyar and Melek Yildiz

Language of Tourism Advertising: A Pragmatic Approach
Elmira Djafarova and Teresa Waring

Auction Sales of Hotel Rooms and Airline Seats
Frederick DeKay, Rex S. Toh, and Peter Raven

Marketing Strategies for Casinos: A Case for Australia
Bon-Ki Koo, Timothy J. Lee, and Tae-Hong Ahn

Reviews Section

Book Reviews

The Origins of Hospitality and Tourism (Kevin D. O’Gorman)
Tim Knowles

Sport and Tourism: Globalization, Mobility and Identity
(James Higham and Tom Hinch)
Kirstin Hallmann

VOLUME 17, NUMBER 1

Applying Causal Mapping to Tourism Research: A Case Study of American College Students’ Experiences in China Study Abroad Programs
Brooke Bliss, Xiang (Robert) Li, Fang Meng, and Rich Harrill

Information Usefulness Versus Ease of Use: Which Makes a Destination Website More Persuasive?
Hui (Jimmy) Xie, Deborah Kerstetter, Anna S. Mattila, Christine Buzinde, and Duarte B. Morais

Multistakeholder Values on the Sustainability of Dive Tourism: Case Studies of Sipadan and Perhentian Islands, Malaysia
Janet Haddock-Fraser and Mark P. Hampton

Gender Bias and Demographics Vis-à-Vis Managing Turkish Hospitality Industry Personnel
Michael K. McCuddy, Musa Pinar, and Ibrahim Birkan

International Stereotype and the Collective Construction of Destination Image
Chun-Chu Chen, Yueh-Hsiu Lin, and James F. Petrick

Cohort Analysis of Tourists’ Spending on Lodging During Recreational Fishing Trips
Sangchoul Yi, Jonathon Day, and Liping A. Cai

Factors Influencing Domestic Tourism for Urban and Semiurban Populations Around Nairobi National Park, Kenya
Moses Makonjio Okello, Lekishon Kenana, and Damiannah Kieti

RESEARCH NOTE

Causality Between Foreign Direct Investment and Tourism: Empirical Evidence From India
Saroja Selvanathan, E. A. Selvanathan, and Brinda Viswanathan

REVIEWS SECTION

BOOK REVIEWS

Tourism and Visual Culture: Volume 2 Methods and Cases (Peter Burns, Jo-Anne Lester, and Lyn Bibbings, editors)
Maria Amoamo

Cultural Tourism Research Methods (Greg Richards and Wil Munsters, editors)
Timothy Lee

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 6

An Examination of Norwegians’ Expenditure Patterns on Domestic Winter Tourism
Christer Thrane, Eivind Farstad, and Petter Dybedal

Understanding Destination Choices of German Travelers
Carl H. Marcussen

Cross-Cultural Segments in International Student Travel: An Analysis of British and Chinese Market
Feifei Xu, Michael Morgan, and Miguel Moital

Sex Tourism: A Match Through Japan’s Romance Dori (Street)
Austin Uzama

Exploring Influential Factors That Explain the Probability of Visiting a Destination: The Case of State Travel Information Inquiry Groups
Minkyung Park and Chi-Ok Oh

Research Notes

Casino Security Risks and Outsourcing Criteria
Timothy Jeonglyeol Lee

African as Tourist
Muchazondida Mkono

Windsurfing Risks: Participants’ Expectations, Perceptions, and Satisfaction
Girish Prayag

Away From Home: A New Revelation of Young Tourist Behavior
Paolo Mura and Catheryn Khoo-Lattimore

Reviews Section

Review

Political Economy of Destination Image: Manufacturing Cuba
Culum Canally and Barbara A. Carmichael

Book Review

Practical Tourism Research (Stephen L. J. Smith)
Steven Boyne

Volume 16 Subject and Author Index

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 5

Determinants of Length of Stay: A Parametric Survival Analysis
António Gomes de Menezes and Ana Moniz

Home Stay: A Rural Tourism Entrepreneurship Business
Hamira Zamani-Farahani

Service Quality in the Airline Industry: Comparison Between Traditional and Low-Cost Airlines
Tae-Hong Ahn and Timothy Jeonglyeol Lee

Interpreting Franchisors’ Preferences in the Travel Agency Industry: The Case of Spain
J. M. Ramirez-Hurtado, F. M. Guerrero-Casas, and F. J. Rondan-Cataluña

The Relationships of Social Capital to Downtown and Retailer Performance: Do Tourists Towns Differ From Nontourist Towns?
Cornelia Droge, Patricia Huddleston, and Rodney C. Runyan

Shanghai’s High-End Hotel Overcapacity in 2011 and Beyond: How Bad it Could Be and Why?
Tianshu Zheng and Zheng Gu

Examining the Role of Entrepreneurial Experience and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on SMTE Performance
Rob Hallak, Noel J. Lindsay, and Graham Brown

Community-Based Tourism Planning: An Application of the APPA Approach to Ansted, West Virginia
Jinyang Deng, Douglas Arbogast, and Steve Selin

RESEARCH NOTES

Segmenting the Cruise Market: An Application of Multiple Correspondence Analysis
Cody Morris Paris and Victor Teye

Predictors of Terrorism-Related Air Travel Reductions and Associated Tourism Impacts
Elizabeth A. Stickel

The Economic Impact of a Heritage Tourism Attraction on a Rural Economy: The Great Smoky Mountains Railroad
Inhyuck “Steve” Ha and Sandra S. Grunwell


VOLUME 16, NUMBER 4

SPECIAL SECTION REFEREED ARTICLES

Introduction: Special Section on the Second Annual Consumer Behavior in Tourism Symposium
Serena Volo and Michael Bosnjak, Guest Editors

Exploring the Effects of Perceived Service Provider Sincerity on Consumers’ Emotional State and Satisfaction During Service Consumption
Sandra Gountas, Felix Mavondo, Michael Ewing, and John Gountas

Competitor Detection: An Investigation of Consumers’ Perceived Similarity
Amata Ring and Karin Teichmann

Pre- and Posttrip Factors Influencing the Visitor Experience at a Battlefield Commemorative Event: Gallipoli, a Case Study
John Hall, V. John Basarin, and Leonie Lockstone-Binney

Wine Tourism Experience and Consumer Behavior: The Case of Sicily
Vincenzo Asero and Sebastiano Patti

Comity or Conflict? A Qualitative Study on Host–Guest Relationship in Second Home Tourism
Serena Volo

REFEREED ARTICLES

Correcting for Response Style Effects on Service Quality Measures
Thomas Mayr and Andreas H. Zins

Entrepreneurial Intention Among Tourism Undergraduate Students in Egypt
Dalia Mohammad Soliman

RESEARCH NOTES

Do External Shocks Have a Permanent or a Transitory Effect on Thailand’s Tourism Industry?
Ali Salman Saleh, Reetu Verma, and Ranjith Ihalanayake

Dynamic Property of a Tourism Destination Network
Masahiro Yabuta and Noel Scott

Impacts of International Tourism on Economies in the Asia-Pacific Region: Opportunities and Challenges
Rachel J. C. Chen

REVIEWS SECTION

BOOK REVIEW

Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit, Place (Robyn Bushell and Pauline J. Sheldon, editors)
Deniz Kucukusta

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 3

Do Actors Really Agree on Strategic Issues? Applying Consensus Analysis of Stakeholder Perceptions in Tourist Destination Communities
Pietro Beritelli

A Method for Estimating the State-Wide Economic Significance of National Park Tourism: The Case of Queensland
Sally Driml, Richard P. C. Brown, Roy Ballantyne, Shane Pegg, and Noel Scott

Service Quality, Brand Loyalty, and Profit Growth in UK Budget Hotels
Yuksel Ekinci, Dia Zeglat, and Georgina Whyatt

When and Where to Buy Airline Seats on Third-Party Websites
Peter Raven, Rex S. Toh, and Frederick Dekay

Grey Nomads on Tour: A Revolution in Travel and Tourism for Older Adults
Ian Patterson, Shane Pegg, and Jillian Litster

Total Productivity in the Australian Hotel Industry: Estimating and Bootstrapping Malmquist Indices
A. George Assaf and Frank Wogbe Agbola

Evaluating Tourist Attractions: The Case of Luang Prabang, Laos
Adrian R. Pritchard and Timothy Jeonglyeol Lee

Modeling the Influence of Weather Variability on Leisure Traffic
Charles Shih and Sarah Nicholls

Personality and Motivation Matter in Touring Holidays: A Preliminary Investigation Into Heterogeneity Among Touring Travelers
John Gountas, Sara Dolnicar, and Sandra Gountas

A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Potential Policy Responses to a Negative Tourism Demand Shock in Singapore
Xianming Meng, Mahinda Siriwardana, and Brian Dollery

RESEARCH NOTES

Sociocultural Strategies for Stress Reduction Among Hospitality Workers in Developing Contexts: The Case of Zimbabwean Chefs
Muchazondida Mkono

Impacts of Natural Disasters on Regional Economies: An Overview
Rachel J. C. Chen

REVIEW

The Nature of Tourism Studies
Arianne C. Reis and Eric Shelton

BOOK REVIEWS

Philsophical Issues in Tourism (John Tribe, editor)
Yaniv Belhassen

Tourist Customer Service Satisfaction. An Encounter Approach (Francis P. Noe, Muzaffer Uysal, and Vincent P. Magnini)
Paul Fallon

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 2

SPECIAL ISSUE
STATE OF TOURISM IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Guest Editors: Kenneth F. Backman and Aloyce Nzuki

Introduction to Part II of the Special Issues on State of Tourism in Sub-Saharan Africa
Kenneth F. Backman and Aloyce Nzuki, Guest Editors

Youth Tourism in Africa: Evidence From South Africa
Christian M. Rogerson

As Assessment of Hotel Product Quality in Kenya as a Basis for Building Destination Competitiveness
Joe Kibuye Wadawi, Nerine C. Bresler, and Frikkie J. Herbst

The Role of Transport and Accommodation Infrastructure in the Development of Eco/Nature Tourism in Cameroon
Albert Kimbu

Tourism Trends in Ghana: The Accommodation Sector
Joseph Mensah-Ansah, Emma Martin, and David Egan

Heritage Tourism in Africa: Residents’ Perceptions of African-American and White Tourists
Victor Teye, Ercan (Sirakaya) Turk, and Sevil Sönmez

For What Stands the “B” in the CBT Concept: Community-Based or Community-Biased Tourism? Some Insights From Namibia
Renaud Lapeyre

Revisiting Botswana’s High-Value, Low-Volume Tourism
Lefatshe I. Magole and Lapologang Magole

RESEARCH NOTE

Strengthening Tourism Research and Educational Capacities in Africa: An Overview of Projects
Rene´ van der Duim

REVIEWS SECTION

BOOK REVIEW

Coastal Tourism Development (Ross Dowling and Christof Pforr, editors)
Andrew Jones

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 1

SPECIAL ISSUE
STATE OF TOURISM IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Guest Editors: Kenneth F. Backman and Aloyce Nzuki

Introduction to Part I of the Special Issues on State of Tourism in Sub-Saharan Africa
Kenneth F. Backman and Aloyce Nzuki, Guest Editors

Enhancing Rural Livelihoods Through Tourism Education and Strategic Partnerships: A Uganda Case Study
J. Michael Campbell, K. MacKay, and Christine Dranzoa

Ecotourism Development and Challenges: A Kenyan Experience
Roselyne N. Okech

Tourism, Indigenous People, and the Challenge of Development: The Representations of Ovahimbas in Tourism Promotion and Community Perceptions Toward Tourism
Jarkko Saarinen

Tourism Pathways to Prosperity: Perspectives on the Informal Economy in Tanzania
Susan L. Slocum, Kenneth F. Backman, and Kenneth L. Robinson

Africa’s Natural Heritage: Trouble in Paradise or New Opportunities in a World Looking for Experiences and Authenticity?
Karel Werdle

On Safari in Botswana: Describing the Product
Nerine C. Bresler

Competitiveness of Southern African Development Community as a Tourist Destination
Haretsebe Manwa

Destination Branding in Zimbabwe: From Crisis to Recovery
Joram Ndlovu and Ernie T. Heath

REVIEWS SECTION

BOOK REVIEW
The Sage Handbook of Tourism Studies (Tazim Jamal and Mike Robinson, editors)
Michael Clancy


Volume 15, Numbers 3-6

Volume 15, Numbers 1-2

Volume 14, Numbers 1-6

Volume 13, Numbers 1-6

Volume 12, Numbers 1-6

Volume 11, Numbers 1-6

Volume 10, Numbers 1-4

Volume 9, Numbers 1-4

Volume 8, Numbers 1-4

Volume 7, Numbers 1-4

Volume 6, Numbers 1-4

Volume 5, Numbers 1-4, 2000

Volume 4, Numbers 1-4, 1999

EDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Muzaffer Uysal, Professor
Pamplin College of Business
Virginia Tech
Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA

 REVIEWS EDITOR

Keith Hollinshead, University of Bedfordshire, Putteridge Bury Campus, Luton, UK
BOOK REVIEWS EDITOR
Marcjanna M. Augustyn, Hull University Business School @ Scarborough, Scarborough, UK
RESEARCH NOTES EDITOR
Rich Harrill, International Tourism Research Institute, China Tourism Group, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
EDITORIAL BOARD
David Airey, University of Surrey, UK
Kathleen L. Andereck, Arizona State University, USA
Gregory Ashworth, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Albert Assaf, University of Massachusetts, USA
Kenneth Backman, Clemson University, USA
Rodolfo Baggio, Bocconi University, Italy
Seyhmus Baloglu, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA
René Baretje, Centre International de Recherches et d'Etudes Touristiques, France
Sue Beeton, La Trobe University, Australia
Pietro Beritelli, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Mark Bonn, Florida State University, USA
Graham Brown, University of South Australia, Australia
Liping A. Cai, Purdue University, USA
Joseph Chen, Indiana University-Perdue University, Indianapolis, USA
Rachel J. C. Chen, University of Tennessee, USA
John C. Crotts, College of Charleston, USA
Giacomo Del Chiappa, University of Sassari, Italy 
Frédéric Dimanche, CERAM Business School, France
Sara Dolnicar, University of Wollongong, Australia
Larry Dwyer, University of New South Wales, Australia
Yuksel Ekinci, Oxford Brookes University, UK
Isabelle Frochot, Univerité de Savoie, France
Matthias Fuchs, ETOUR, Sweden
Dogan Gursoy, Washington State University, USA
T. C. Huan, National Chiayi University, Taiwan
Kenneth Hyde, Auckland University, New Zealand
Orhan Icoz, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey
Leo Jago, University of Nottingham, UK 
Soo Cheong Jang, Purdue University, USA
Deborah Kerstetter, Penn State University, USA
Metin Kozak, Mugla University, Turkey
Shaul Krakover, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Christian Laesser, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Timothy Lee, University of Queensland, Australia
Marton Lengyel, Budapest University of Economic Sciences, Hungary
Xiang (Robert) Li, University of South Carolina, USA
Jennifer Laing, La Trobe University, Australia
Rico Maggi, University of Lugano, Switzerland
Bruce E. Marti, University of Rhode Island, USA
Ken McCleary, Virginia Tech, USA
Bob McKercher, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Brian Mihalik, University of South Carolina, USA
Gianna Moscardo, James Cook University of North Queensland, Australia
Sarah Nicholls, Michigan State University, USA
Noëlle O'Connor, Limerick Institute of Technology, Ireland
Harmen Oppewal, Monash University, Australia
Douglas Pearce, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Harald Pechlaner, The Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Germany
Lori Pennington-Gray, University of Florida, USA
Jim Petrick, Texas A&M University, USA
Musa Pinar, Valparaiso University, USA
Abraham Pizam, University of Central Florida, USA
Nina Prebensen, University of Tromsø, Norway
Bruce Prideaux, James Cook University, Australia
Sung-Soo Pyo, Kyonggi University, South Korea
Zvi Schwartz, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Tekle Shanka, Curtin University of Technology, Australia
Mak J. Sirgy, Virginia Tech, USA
Egon Smeral, Austrian Institue of Economic Research, Austria
Haiyan Song, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Brijesh Thapa, University of Florida, USA
Harry Timmermans, University of Technology Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Ercan Sirakaya Turk, University of South Carolina, USA
Timothy J. Tyrrell, Arizona State University, USA
Betty Weiler, Monash University, Australia
John A. Williams, Univeristy of New Orleans, USA
Andreas Wittmer, Institute for Systemic Management and Public Governance, Switzerland
Arch Woodside, Boston College, USA
Atila Yuksel, Adnan Menderes University, Turkey
Anita Zehrer, MCI Management Center Innsbruck, Austria
Andreas Zins, Modul University Vienna, Austria

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

Benedict G. C. Dellaert, Erasmus University, The Netherlands
Daniel Fesenmaier (Co-founding Editor), Temple University, USA
Jafar Jafari, Univeristy of Wisconsin at Stout, USA
Joseph O'Leary, Colorado State University, USA
Josef Mazanec, Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Austria
Stephen L. J. Smith, University of Waterloo, Canada

Author & Subject Indexes: Volumes 1-14  (Scroll down)

Volume 18: Author Index

Abou-Shouk, M., 91
Altmark, S., 173
Andersson, T. D., 621
Anwar, S., 103
Arcodia, C., 519
Arrowsmith, C., 559
Asbollah, A. Z. B., 677
Assaker, G., 691
Atay, L., 297
Azzopardi, E., 503

Backman, K. F., 471
Backman, S. J., 471
Baloglu, S., 371
Bandara, J. S., 575
Benckendorff, P., 355
Breakey, H., 739
Breakey, N., 739
Bregoli, I., 145
Bruwer, J., 61, 399

Cahaner, L., 15
Caton, K., 341
Chang, L.-L., 471
Cheer, J., 245
Chen, A., 207
Chen, J. S., 651
Chen, Y.-L., 651
Cheng, M., 707
Chhabra, D., 259
Chhetri, A., 559
Chhetri, P., 559
Chikuta, O., 79
Choe, Y., 713
Coode, M., 399
Corcoran, J., 559

Dale, C., 619
Del Chiappa, G., 1, 145
Dinica, V., 663
Dredge, D., 29

Fernando, S., 575
Fesenmaier, D. R., 713
Frew, E., 313
Frost, W., 225, 323
Funck, C., 353

Getz, D., 485, 621
Gursoy, D., 601

Hales, R., 29
Hall, J., 297
Hallak, R., 691
Haller, W. J., 285
Herbst, F., 399
Hope, Sr., K. R., 533
Hossain, M. E., 429
Huang, W.-J., 285
Huang, Y.-C., 471
Hung, K.-P., 207

Jackman, M., 183
Jamal, T., 29
Jang, S. (S.), 193
Jayathilaka, R., 575
Johnson, L. B., 749

Kaftanoglu, B., 273
Kara, D., 215
Kay, P., 385
Kim, D.-Y., 119
Kim, H., 651
Kitheka, B. M., 617
Kyle, G. T., 635

Lade, C., 677
Laing, J., 225, 323
Larcher, R. G., 133
Lee, J., 635
Lee, K.-H., 119
Lee, S., 111
Lee, S. (A.), 193
Lee, W., 457
Leung, X. Y., 371
Li, X., 443
Lim, W. M., 91
Liu, M. T., 707
Liyanaarachch, S., 575
Lockstone-Binney, L., 297
Lorde, T., 183

Mahadevan, R., 723
Mansfeld, Y., 15
McGuire, F. A., 471
McLennan, C.-L., 157
Megicks, P., 91
Mei, X. Y., 519
Meyer, D., 385
Michael, E., 677
Mordecki, G., 173
Morosan, C., 415
Moyle, B. D., 157
Mykletun, R. J., 621


Nash, R., 503
Nepal, S. K., 133
Nicholls, S., 731
Njerekai, C., 79
Nkomazana, N., 79
Nyaupane, G. P., 45

O’Connor, P., 691


Paris, C. M., 457
Patterson, I., 485
Peng, N., 207
Poudel, S., 45
Prebensen, N. K., 651
Presenza, A., 1

Quaddus, M., 429

Ramshaw, G. P., 285
Reeves, K., 225, 245
Regev, S. T., 223
Risso, W. A., 173
Ritchie, B. W., 157, 543
Ruhanen, L. M., 157, 519

Saha, S., 587
Saliba, A., 399
Santiñaque, F., 173
Savener, A., 751
Seaton, T., 227
Shanka, T., 429
Sharifpour, M., 543
Sirakaya-Turk, E., 601
Smith, C., 575
Stienmetz, J. L., 713

Tang, L. (R.), 193
Tie, C., 227
Timothy, D. J., 45, 273
Tkaczynski, A., 607
Tsai, C.-T. L., 335
Tzanelli, R., 117

Valadkhani, A., 103

Walters, G., 543
Wan, Y. K. P., 443
Wang, S., 483
White, L., 313
Wong, I. A., 707

Yap, G., 587

Zehrer, A., 355
Żemła, M., 481

Volume 18: Subject Index

Activity preferences, 607
Advertising effectiveness, 713
Aeronautic sport, 335
Anglo nationality cluster, 385
Annapurna Conservation Area, 45
Asia Pacific destinations, 371
Attitudes, 385
Australia, 297
Australian South Sea Islanders, 245
Autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH), 575

Barbados, 183
Battlefield tourism, 297
Benefits, 385
Blackbirding, 245
Brand loyalty, 399
Businesses, 157
Buying behavior, 61

Case study research, 29
Celebrities, 313
China, 227
Closeness, 313
Cluster analysis, 371, 691
Cluster theory, 559
Cointegration, 103, 173
Collaboration, 519
Community attachment, 443
Competitiveness, 503
Construct validity, 635
Consumer behavior, 399, 457
Consumer surplus, 723
Consumption emotions, 635
Content analysis, 429
Conversion studies, 713
Corruption, 587
Crime, 183
Critical tourism, 341
Cross-cultural, 707
Cruise line, 111
Cruise ship, 111
Cultural moderating effects, 385

Decision involvement, 443
Density dependence, 621
Destination, 503
Destination advertising, 713
Destination e-marketing, 415
Destination governance, 1, 145
Destination image, 707
Destination loyalty, 429
Destination management, 145
Diaspora, 273, 285, 323
Diaspora tourism, 285
Diaspora tourism, 297
Diaspora tourists, 259
Diaspora travel, 245
Dogs, 207
Drivers, 355
3D Virtual worlds, 471

Ease of use, 193
e-Commerce, 91
Economic geography, 133
Edinburgh, 145
Embeddedness, 29
Epistemology, 341
Ethnic differences, 119
Event marketing, 457
Events, 485
e-Word of mouth, 415
Explicit attitudes, 119

Festival(s), 323, 635
Festival populations, 621
Festivalscape, 61
First-time visitor, 61
Food, 323

Gadamer, 341
Gallipoli, 297
Gender differences, 707
Genealogy, 313
Geographic segmentation, 607
Geographical information system (GIS), 559
Gini coefficient, 133
Governance innovations, 663
Grey nomads, 723

Haredi tourism, 15
Health and safety needs, 215
Heritage, 227, 273, 323, 707
Hermeneutics, 341
Homecoming, 285
Hot air balloon, 335
Hue, 707
Human rights, 739

Identity, 227
Identity tourism, 313
Imagination, 341
Immigration, 273
Implicit Association Test (IAT), 119
Implicit attitudes, 119
Income losses, 183
Indices, 157
Information quality, 193
Innovation, 519
Institutions, 157
Interactivity, 193
Internal branding, 1
International agreements, 663
International tourist arrivals, 133
Interpretation, 341
Invariance testing, 635
Israel, 15
Italy, 1

Job dependency, 443

Kenya, 533
Knowledge-sharing factors, 457

Legitimation, 621
Leisure involvement, 485
Leisure, 79, 335
Limits to growth, 621

Macao, 443
Malaysia, 677
Markov matrix, 133
Michigan, 731
Motivation(s), 651, 677
Motives, 355, 385
Multidimensional scaling, 371
Muslim, 677

Nationhood, 297
Nature-based tourism, 651
Network analysis, 1
Nominal group technique, 15
Norway, 519, 621, 651

Occupancy rate, 111
Organizational ecology, 621
Outcomes, 355

Panel data analysis, 587
Peace, 575
Perceptions, 677
Perceptual map, 371
Performance, 29
Performance measurement, 157
Persuasion, 663
Pet owners, 207
Philosophy, 341
Political behaviors, 663
Political instability, 587
Predictors, 79
Processing fluency, 193
Productivity, 355
Promotional representations, 259
Prostitution, 533
Pro-sustainable travel, 601
Pursuit of happiness, 739

Qualitative method, 429
Quality perception, 61

Repeat visitation, 723
Repeat visitor, 61
Representative dissonance, 259
Researcher operacy, 29
Resident, 607
Resident attitudes, 443
Right to freedom of movement, 739
Right to leisure, 739
Right to tourism, 739
Risk perception, 543
Roots tourism, 245

Sarawakian-Chinese, 227
Satisfaction, 61
Second Life, 471
Segmentation, 691
Sensation seeking, 543
Services sector, 103
Servicescape, 61
Sex, 533
Singapore, 91, 103
Size, 111
Small and medium tourism enterprises (SMTEs), 691
Social capital, 457
Social media, 415, 457
Social valuation, 723
Social worlds, 485
Spatial autocorrelation, 559
Special interests, 485
Sports tourism, 335
Sri Lanka, 575
Stakeholder coordination, 145
Stakeholders’ engagement, 1
Strategic plan, 731
Support for community, 691
Sustainability, 663
Sustainable tourism attitudes, 601
SUSTAS, 601
Swedish, 651

Taiwan, 335
Tasting room, 399
Technology adoption model, 415
The Himalayas, 45
Toowoomba Carnival of Flowers, 607
Tour guides, 45
Tourism, 157, 503, 533, 587
Tourism and hospitality sector, 559
Tourism competitiveness, 371
Tourism demand, 173
Tourism ethics, 739
Tourism experience, 399
Tourism growth, 103
Tourism industry opinion, 731
Tourism management, 471
Tourism marketing, 471
Tourism participation, 207
Tourism research collaboration, 355
Tourist, 607
Tourist arrivals, 575
Touristic real exchange rate, 173
Transfer function, 183
Transformation, 157
Transnationalism, 285
Travel agents, 91
Travel behavior, 543
Travel careers, 485
Travel patterns, 79
Travel propensity, 79
Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI), 371
Trip structure, 713
Turkish hospitality industry, 215
Turkish immigrants, 273
Turnover cognitions, 215

Ultra-Orthodox Jews, 15
United States, 273

Validity, 601
Value Stretch method, 15
Vanuatu, 245
Visitor preference, 45
Visual attractiveness, 193
Volatility, 575

Website evaluation, 91Who Do You Think You Are?, 313
Wine, 61, 323, 399
Wine tourist, 399
Women, 677
Workplace mobbing, 215
Worldmaking, 341

Zimbabwe, 79

Volume 17: Author Index

Ahn, T.-H., 245
Ajala, O. A., 533
Aliu, I. R., 533
Alonso, A. D., 643
Altintas, V., 325
Amoamo, M., 101
Assaf, A. G., 721
Assaker, G., 587, 679

Belhassen, Y., 673
Bernthal, M., 213
Birkan, I., 43
Bliss, B., 1
Bloom, B. A. N., 459
Botha, K., 343
Bressan, A., 643
Burgess, S., 705
Busser, J. A., 601
Buzinde, C. N., 15, 417
Byun, W.-H., 659

Cai, L. A., 67, 273
Cárdenas, D. A., 791
Carlsen, J., 139
Chancellor, H. C., 791
Chen, C.-C., 55
Chen, C.-C., 445
Chen, J. S., 617
Choi, Y., 417
Crotts, J. C., 547

Dale, N. F., 805
Davidson, M. C. G., 195
Day, J., 67, 273
DeKay, F., 239
Dissart, J.-C., 691
Djafarova, E., 233
Draper, J., 747
Duffy, L. N., 791
Dwyer, L., 121, 559

Ehtiyar, R., 225
Eid, R., 509, 523
El-Gohary, H., 523

Fjelstul, J., 403
Forsyth, P., 559

Garrod, B., 167
Graefe, A., 417

Haddock-Fraser, J., 27
Hallak, R., 587, 679
Hallmann, K., 256
Hallo, L., 153
Hampton, M. P., 27
Hancer, M., 629
Harrill, R., 1, 213, 747, 813
Hassan, A., 775
Hewlett, D., 399
Hou, C. X., 387
Huang, S., 679

Iankova, K., 775
Io, M.-U, 153

Johnston, R. J., 371

Karanasios, S., 705
Karyopouli, S., 495
Keating, B. W., 805
Kenana, L., 79
Kerstetter, D., 15, 417
Kieti, D., 79
Kim, H.-K., 377
Kim, N., 445
Kim, S., 573
King, B., 559
Knowles, T., 255
Koo, B.-K., 245, 659
Kosowska, A., 167
Koutra, C., 495
Krajsic, V., 643
Kruger, M., 343
Kulendran, N., 121

Laesser, C., 285
Lee, T. J., 103, 245, 377, 659
Li, S., 473
Li, X. (R.), 1
Li, X., 403
Liasidou, S., 819
Lin, Y.-H., 55

Marcouiller, D. W., 691
Marinidis, D., 105
Mason, P., 687
Mattila, A. S., 15
McCuddy, M. K., 43
McLeod, B., 601
Meng, F., 1, 325
Mkono, M., 553
Morais, D. B., 15
Mowatt, R. A., 791
Murphy, L., 273

Nagel, M., 213
Nghiem, H. S., 721
Nicholls, S., 431

O’Shea, M., 643
Oh, C.-O., 747
Okello, M. M., 79
Ozturk, A. B., 629

Palakurthi, R., 629
Park, S., 761
Patiar, A., 195
Peel, V., 299
Peterson, R. R., 813
Petrick, J. F., 55
Pinar, M., 43
Prebensen, N. K., 181, 617, 733

Raven, P., 239
Reisinger, Y., 761
Riner, P., 213
Ritchie, B. W., 805

Saayman, M., 343
Saleh, A. S., 721
Sarmento, J., 559
Schrier, T., 459
Schwartz, Z., 445
Seetaram, N., 559
Sellitto, C., 705
Selvanathan, E. A., 91
Selvanathan, S., 91
Shin, C., 431
Sigala, M., 105
Sørensen, A., 299
Steen, A., 299

Tkaczynski, A., 181, 733
Toh, R. S., 239
Turk, E. (S.), 325
Tyrrell, T. J., 371

Uysal, M., 617

Vanegas, Sr., M., 311
Viswanathan, B., 91

Wan, P. Y. K., 357
Wang, X., 459
Wang, Y., 195
Wang, Y., 403
Waring, T., 233
Weaver, A., 259
Weber, P., 139
Woo, E., 617

Xie, H. (J)., 15

Yi, S., 67
Yildiz, M., 225
Yoon, S.-H., 377
Yu, X., 445

Zehrer, A., 285, 547
Zheng, T., 459

Volume 17: Subject Index

Activities, 733
Airlines seats, 239
Amenities, 691
ARCH modeling, 121
ARIMA, 459
Asia, 573
Auction sales, 239
Australia, 245, 559
Australian tourism, 121
Average Euclidean distance statistics, 121

Barriers, 805
Beach recreation, 533
Behavioral intention, 417
Behavioral syndrome, 673
Beijing Olympic Games, 473
Business travel, 213

Campground, 403
Capability approach, 691
Casino, 659
Casino marketing, 245
Causal mapping, 1
Causality, 91, 311
CGE modeling, 473
Chain hotels, 225
China, 1, 357
China as a “stationary culture,” 387
Chinese nationalism, 387
Chinese tourists, 153
Choice modeling, 747
Climate change, 431
Climate variability, 431
Climate variables, 121
Cluster analysis, 617
Cohort analysis, 67
Cointegration, 91, 311
Collaboration, 105
Collective image, 55
Community-based tourism planning (CBTP), 791
Competitive strategy, 273
Complaint, 259
Computable general equilibrium model, 559
Conservation, 775
Constraints, 805
Content analysis, 233
Cultural differences, 761
Cultural interpretation, 153
Cultural tourism, 747
Customer satisfaction, 325
Cyprus, 495

Data envelopment analysis (DEA), 721
Decision making, 105
Demographics, 43
Departmental performance, 195
Destination brand, 273
Destination branding, 167, 813
Destination development, 299
Destination image, 55, 167, 273
Destination management, 105
Destination marketing, 813
Destination marketing organization (s), 105,
Destination on-site experience, 617
Digital marketing adoption (DMA), 523
Distance function, 721
Distance threshold, 445
Domestic marketplace, 79
Domestic tourism, 79

Economic development, 27
Economic impacts, 559
Economic welfare impacts, 473
Ecuador, 791
e-Democracy, 105
Educational tourism, 805
Efficiency, 721
El Salvador, 311
Elasticity, 311
Eliat, Israel, 673
Emergent Chineseness, 387
Employees, 225
En-route experience, 617
Environment, 27
Environmental attitude, 417
Eurocentrism, 387
Event management, 213
Event tourism, 213
Expenditure, 343
Experience, 691
Exponential smoothing, 459

Facilities management, 775
Factor analysis, 617
Film tourism, 573
First-time visitors, 343
Food attributes, 377
Food choice, 377
Forecasting, 459
Forecasting horizons, 459
Foreign direct investment (FDI), 91
Formative constructs, 587
Frustration, 225

Gambling visitor, 659
Gaming industry, 245
Gender bias, 43
Gender ideology, 791
Goa, 167
Governance, 357
Growth, 91
Guidebooks, 299

Hajj, 509
Hall communication patterns, 761
Heritage tourism, 747
Hofstede, 761
Hospitality, 225, 629
Hospitality industry, 43
Hosted accommodation, 139
Hosting, 601
Hotel room, 239
Hotels, 195, 721

Inbound tourism, 91
Independent hotels, 225
India, 167
Information attributes 705
Information sources, 343
Information technology, 761
Integration, 259
Interest in visiting the destination, 15
Internal and external environmental forces, 523
International audience, 573
International stereotype, 55
International tourism, 79, 167
Internet, 761
Islamic tourism, 523
Islamic tourism organizations, 523

Korea, 659
Korean restaurants, 377

Lagos, 533
Large events, 473
Leisure traffic, 431
Liminal image, 673
Local development, 659
Lodging expenditure, 67

Macao, 153, 357
Machismo–marianismo, 791
Malaysia, 721
Management, 259
Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site, 775
Market competition, 195
Market segmentation, 181, 285, 733
Mature destinations, 495
Mature entrepreneur, 139
Mediterranean islands, 495
Michigan, 431
Migration, 559
Mobile devices, 705
Model, 705
Moderating effect, 325
Mood, 325
Motivation, 181, 617
Moving average, 459

Nairobi National Park, 79
Nature-based festivals, 417
Nature-based tourism, 181, 733
Neophobia, 377
Netnography, 553, 813
Neural networks, 459
New World, 643
News media, 813
Nigeria, 533

Old World, 643
Online reviews, 403
Optimal trajectory, 371
Orientalism, 387

Paradox, 259
Partial least squares, 679
Partial least squares path modeling (PLSPM), 587
Perceived ease of use, 15
Perceived enjoyment, 15
Perceived information usefulness, 15
Perceived value, 417
Personal traits, 285
Pilgrimage, 509
Place dependence, 601
Place identity, 601
Policy making, 105
Pragmatics, 233
Predictive relationships, 587
Preferences, 181, 533, 733
Pretrip experience, 617
Print media, 299
Production values, 573
Promotion strategy, 245

Quality, 417

Radio frequency identification (RFID), 629
Recreational fishing, 67
Relevance theory, 233
Religious tourism, 509
Repeat visitors, 343
Representation/misrepresentation, 387
RevPAR, 459
Rocket science, 371
Rural development, 691
RV traveler, 403

Satisfaction, 417, 659, 775
Saudi Arabia, 509
School excursions, 805
Seasonality, 495
Seasonal variation, 121
Segmentation criteria, 285
Self-stated personality, 285
Senior baby boom generation, 67
Service marketing, 509
Service quality, 325
SERVQUAL, 509
SMERF tourism, 1
Social media, 403
South Africa, 343
Sport tourism, 213
Stakeholders, 27
Stochastic frontier (SF), 721
Structural equation modeling, 679
Study abroad, 1
Study of visitors, 643
Success measures, 139
Supervising personnel, 43
Sustainable development, 357
Sustainable tourism, 27, 371
Synarchy, 387

Technology adoption, 629
Temporary employees, 673
The constitutive exteriority of China, 387
The imaginal of tourism, 387
The politics of erasure, 387
Total quality management (TQM), 195
Tour guide, 153
Tour operation, 325
Tourism, 559, 705, 761
Tourism advertising, 233
Tourism and economic growth, 311
Tourism definition, 445
Tourism demand modeling, 587
Tourism development, 533, 747
Tourism marketing, 285
Tourism planning, 357, 691
Tourism research, 679
Tourism research methods, 553
Tourism statistics, 445
Tourist behavior, 813
Tourist experience(s), 153, 553, 573
Tourist self-categorization, 445
Tourists’ opinions, 775
Tourists’ spending, 67
Transactional theory of stress, 547
Travel, 705
Travel experience, 403
Truncated regression model, 67
Turkey, 43
TV drama, 573
Two-step cluster analysis, 181, 733

Usual environment, 445

Vacation stress, 547
Visitation, 601
Visitor behavior, 299

Weather, 431
Web 2.0, 105
Web communication, 761
Western Australia, 139
Wine festival, 343
Wineries, 643
Winery consumers and visitors (CsVs), 643
Wine sector, 643
Wine tourism, 643
Word-of-mouth promotion, 601
World heritage site, 153

Volume 16: Author Index

Agbola F. W., 295
Ahn, T.-H., 535
Arbogast, D., 601
Asero, V., 431
Assaf, A. G., 295

Backman, K. F., 1, 43, 103
Ballantyne, R., 243
Basarin, V. J., 419
Beritelli, P., 219
Bosnjak, M., 389
Bresler, N. C., 67, 121
Brown, G., 583
Brown, R. P. C., 243

Campbell, J. M., 5
Canally, C., 731
Carmichael, B. A., 731
Chen, R. J. C., 367, 499
Clancy, M., 101

Dekay, F., 271
Deng, J., 601
Dolincar, S., 329
Dollery, B., 343
Dranzoa, C., 5
Driml, S., 243
Dybedal, P., 637

Egan, D., 157
Ekinci, Y., 259
Ewing, M., 393

Farstad, E., 637

Gomes de Menezes, A., 509
Gountas, J., 329, 393
Gountas, S., 329, 393
Grunwell, S. S., 629
Gu, Z., 571
Guerrero-Casas, F. M., 543

Ha, I. S., 629
Hall, J., 419
Hallak, R., 583
Heath, E. T., 87
Herbst, F. J., 121

Ihalanayake, R., 483

Jones, A., 217

Khoo-Lattimore, C., 721
Kimbu, A., 137

Lapeyre, R., 187
Lee, T. J., 305, 535, 701
Lindsay, N. J., 583
Litster, J., 283
Lockstone-Binney, L., 419

MacKay, K., 5
Magole, L., 203
Magole, L. I., 203
Manwa, H., 77
Marcussen, C. H., 649
Martin, E., 157
Mavondo, F., 393
Mayr, T., 461
Meng, X., 343
Mensah-Ansah, J., 157
Mkono, M., 361, 709
Moital, M., 663
Moniz, A., 509
Morgan, M., 663
Mura, P., 721

Ndlouv, J., 87
Nicholls, S., 315
Nzuki, A., 1, 103

Oh, C.-O., 693
Okech, R. N., 19

Paris, C. M., 617
Park, M., 693
Patterson, I., 283
Patti, S., 431
Pegg, S., 243, 283
Prayag, G., 715
Pritchard, A. R., 305

Ramirez-Hurtado, J. M., 543
Raven, P., 271
Reis, A. C., 375
Ring, A., 405
Robinson, K. L., 43
Rogerson, C. M., 105
Rondan-Cataluña, F. J., 543

Saarinen, J., 31
Saleh, A. S., 483
Scott, N., 243, 493
Selin, S., 601
Shelton, E., 375
Shih, C., 315
Siriwardana, M., 343
Slocum, S. L., 43
Soliman, D. M., 471
Sönmez, S., 169
Stickel, E. A., 623

Teichmann, K., 405
Teye, V., 169, 617
Thrane, C., 637
Toh, R. S., 271
Turk, E. (S.), 169

Uzama, A., 677

van der Duim, R., 211
Verma, R., 483
Volo, S., 389, 443

Wadawi, J. K., 121
Werdler, K., 57
Whyatt, G., 259

Xu, F., 663

Yabuta, M., 493

Zamani-Farahani, H., 525
Zeglat, D., 259
Zheng, T., 571
Zins, A. H., 461

Subject Index:

Accommodation(s), 137, 157
Africa, 57
African-Americans, 169
African perspective, 709
African tourists, 709
Airline fares, 271
Airline industry, 535
Appreciative Participatory Planning and Action (APPA), 601
Asia-Pacific region, 499
Attitudes, 601
Australian hotels, 295
Authenticity, 57, 709

Backpacking, 105
Battlefield tourism, 419
Benefits, 19
Bootstrap, 295
Box-Jenkins, 571
Brand loyalty, 259
Budget hotels, 259
Burnout, 361

Cameroon, 137
Caribbean, 617
Casino risks, 701
Casino security, 701
Categorization of attractions (COA), 305
CGE modeling, 343
Chefs, 361
China, 663
Climate change, 315
Commemorative event, 419
Community, 601
Community-based tourism, 31, 187
Community development policy, 43
Community tourism, 5
Competition, 405
Competitiveness, 121
Conjoint analysis, 543
Consensus analysis, 219
Constructions of nature, 375
Consumer behavior, 431
Consumers, 393
Conversion study, 693
Coping strategies, 361
Correspondence analysis, 617
Crisis, 87
Critical discourse analysis, 731
Cross-cultural, 663
Cross-cultural research, 461
Cruise tourism, 617
Cuba, 731
Cultural consensus theory, 219
Customer loyalty, 535

Decision to purchase, 271
Demand forecasting, 571
Destination branding, 87
Destination choice, 649
Destination competitiveness, 77
Destination image, 137
Destination management, 493
Destination marketing, 77, 121, 305, 693
Destination marketing organizations (DMOs), 693
Destination planning, 219
Development, 19
Diaspora, 169
Domestic tourism, 637
Dualisms, 375
Dynamic process, 493

Economic impact, 629
Economic significance, 243
Ecotourism, 19, 137
Education, 5
Embodiment, 375
Emotions, 393
Enclave tourism, 203
Entrepreneurial intention, 471
Entrepreneurial self-efficacy, 583
Entrepreneurship, 471
Environmental conservation, 203
Ethnography, 283
Expectations, 715
Experience(s), 19, 583
External shocks, 483

Financial crisis, 343
Foreign capital, 499
Franchising, 543
Fuzzy set theory, 493

Gallipoli, 419
Ghana, 157
Grey nomads, 283

Heritage, 57
Heritage railway, 629
Heritage tourism, 169, 629
High-end hotels, 571
High-value, low-volume tourism strategy, 203
Home stay program, 525
Hospitality, 361
Host attitudes, 525
Host–guest interaction, 525
Hotel product/service quality, 121

Image, 87
Impacts of natural disasters, 367
Independent travel, 329
Indigenous tourism, 31
Informal economy, 43
Interagentivity, 375
International segmentation, 663
International tourism receipts, 499
International tourist, 677

Japan travel, 677

Kenya, 19
Kenya tourism, 121

Leisure traffic, 315
Length of stay, 509
Linkage effect, 493
Local community, 443
Location strategy, 557
Logistic regression, 649
Long interview, 443
Low-cost airlines, 535

Malaysia, 525
Malmquist, 295
Market segmentation, 617
Mauritius, 715
Measurement scales comparison, 461
Motivation(s), 67, 329
Multiple regression, 649

Namibia, 31, 187
National parks, 243
National tourism organizations, 77
Nature, 57
Nature-based tourism, 375
Network effect, 493
Networks, 493
New opportunities, 57
NGOs, 187
Nondisjunctive clustering, 405
Norway, 637

Outsourcing, 701
Ovahimba, 31
Overcapacity, 571

Partnerships, 5
Perceived risk, 715
Performance, 583
Planning, 601
Political economy, 731
Positioning, 87
Poverty alleviation, 5
Pre- and posttrip visitation, 419
Preferences, 543
Principal component analysis, 543
Probabilities of visitation, 649
Product portfolio, 305
Productivity, 295
Profit growth, 259
Pro-poor tourism, 43
Protected area management, 203

Qualitative methods, 721
Queensland, 243

Regional economies, 367
Regional tourism organization, 77
Repeat visitors, 617
Repositioning, 87
Representations, 31
Residential tourism, 443
Residents’ perception, 169, 443
Resort development spectrum (RDS), 305
Response style effects, 461
Rural tourism, 525

Safari, 67
Satisfaction, 393, 715
Seasonal ARIMA, 571
Second economy, 43
Segmentation, 329
Self-drive visitors, 67
Service providers, 393
Service quality, 259, 535
Sex in Japan, 677
Sex tourism, 677
Shanghai, 571
Sincerity, 393
Singapore economy, 343
Skiing destinations, 405
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs), 295
Small and medium tourism enterprise (SMTE), 583
Small retailers, 557
Social capital, 557
Social connections, 283
Social networks, 219
Sociocultural factors, 361
Sociodemographic market segmentation, 623
South Africa, 105
South Tyrol, 443
Southern Africa, 77
Strategic issues, 219
Stress, 361
Structural equation modeling, 583
Student travel, 663
Survival analysis, 509
Sustainable tourism development, 203

Tanzania, 43
Temperature differences, 649
Terrorism, 623
Thailand, 483
Third-party websites, 271
Tobit modeling, 637
Touring, 329
Tourism, 367, 483, 557, 601, 623
Tourism area life cycle (TALC), 305
Tourism demand modeling, 509
Tourism destination, 87
Tourism development, 77, 105, 157
Tourism expenditures, 637
Tourism infrastructure, 499
Tourism in Japan, 677
Tourism marketing, 721
Tourism policy, 203, 343
Tourism spending, 243
Tourism students, 471
Tourism theory, 709
Tourism trends, 157
Tourist destination image, 731
Tourists’ experiences, 525
Transport, 137
Travel, 283
Travel agency, 543

Uganda, 5
Unconstrained sorting data, 405
Unit root hypothesis, 483
United Kingdom, 663

Value added, 243
Visitor experiences, 67
Volunteer tourism, 105

Weather variability, 315
West Virginia, 601
Western ethnocentrism, 709
Wildlife tourism, 187
Windsurfing, 715
Wine tourism demand, 431
Wine tourism in Sicily, 431
Winter tourism, 637
2010 World Expo, 571
Worldmaking, 375, 731

Youth tourism, 105, 721

Zimbabwe, 361

Volume 15

Author Index

Aktaş, A., 243
Amoamo, M., 757
Arano, K. G., 167
Aref, F., 253
Arrowsmith, C., 71

Babatunde, M. A., 489
Bankole, A. S., 489
Battor, M., 461
Battour, M. M., 461
Becker, C., 591
Bricker, K. S., 31
Brida, J. G., 425
Burke, P. F., 147
Burton, C., 147

Cai, L. A., 729
Campelo, A., 397
Canter, D. D., 197
Cardon, P. W., 345
Carson, D., 127
Casson, M., 121
Çevirgen, A., 243
Chen, R. J. C., 585
Chen, W., 287
Chen, Z., 299
Chhabra, D., 471, 735
Chhetri, P., 71
Choi, S.-H., 729
Cohen, E., 3
Corcoran, J., 71
Cortés-Jiménez, I., 617
Craigwell, R., 435
Curtis, C. R., 111

Deery, M., 399
Deng, J., 167
Dioko, L., 345
Doering, A., 283

Eraqi, M. I., 45

Fernandes, C., 57
Filep, S., 399
Francis, L. J., 545

Gaskins, J. N., 331
Genc, R., 269
Gunes, G., 281

Hancer, M., 689
Harrill, R., 345
Hayle, C., 357, 435
Hollinshead, K., 499
Huang, G. Q., 287
Huang, S., 227
Hull, J. S., 141
Huybers, T., 147
Hyun, S. S., 725
Islam, T., 147
Ismail I., 701
Ismail, M. N., 461

Jang, S., 197
Jayaraman, K., 701
Jenkins, K., 17
Johnson, P., 615
Johnson, P. A., 517

Kaplanidou, K., 381
Karnik, A. V., 57
Kerstetter, D. L., 31
Kim, D.-Y., 299
Kim, J.-H., 637
Kim, K., 713
King, B., 531

Lade, C., 649
La Fleur, E., 591
Lee, C.-F., 531
Leong, J., 689
Li, H., 31
Li, X., 367
Lin, S. K., 701
Liu, A., 143
Liu, Y.-D., 673
Louviere, J. J., 147

Ma, E., 663
Magablih, K., 89
Magnini, V. P., 331
Mainil, T., 743
Malik, T., 713
Mansfield, S., 545
McNeel, J., 167
Meulemans, H., 743
Mkono, M., 273, 387
Moufakkir, O., 99

Naamneh, M., 89
Nicholls, S., 17
Nyaupane, G. P., 263

Ong, W. L., 701
Oral, J., 411
Ordóñez, J. M., 183
Ordóñez, M. D. C., 183

Palakurthi, R., 689
Paris, C. M., 121, 263
Perdue, R. R., 725
Phillips, W. J., 197
Pierskalla, C., 167
Platenkamp, V., 743
Poisson, D. K., 585
Prayag, G., 213
Pulina, M., 617
Qu, H., 663

Ramjee Singh, D., 357, 435, 485
Ramkissoon, H., 571
Rattan, J., 395
Richardson, R. B., 315
Risso, W. A., 425
Ritchie, J. R. B., 637

Schänzel, H. A., 513, 555
Schmallegger, D., 127
Shani, A., 613
Shin, Y. H., 689
Sieber, R. E., 517
Song, H., 287
Staiff, R., 601

Teye, V., 263
Toker, B., 243
Torres, J. L., 183
Trau, A. M., 515
Tremblay, P., 127
Tung, V. W. S., 637
Tyrrell, T., 121
Tzanelli, R., 755

Upchurch, R. S., 111
Uysal, M., 571

Vanegas, Sr., M., 447
Village, A., 545

Weaver, P. A., 367
Wei, X., 663
Weldon, A.-M., 713
Whitfield, J., 411
William, E., 545
Wise, C., 147
Witkowski, K., 315
Wright, A. S., 357, 435

Xu, Y., 367

Zhang, X., 287

Subject Index

Active sport tourists, 381
Adaptation, 17
Aesthetics, 167
Air Jamaica Jazz & Blues Festival, 357
Airline industry, 99
Alanya, 243
Analytical hierarchy process, 531
Art and entertainment, 713
Attribution theory, 729
Authenticity, 3, 571, 735
Aviation museums, 591

Behavioral intentions, 243, 637
Beta, 689
Bound testing, 489
Box-Cox estimation, 447
Branding, 735
Bricoleurship, 499
Business clusters, 649
Business tourism, 411

Cape Town, 213
Casino, 411, 689
Casino gaming, 197
Cathedral visitors, 545
Causality, 435
Chaos theory, 471
Child labor, 89
Children, 555
China, 227, 345, 663
Chinese tourists, 367
Circular statistics, 71
Climate change, 17, 315
Climate variability, 17
Cointegration, 435
Community perceptions, 253
Community preferences, 121
Comparative analysis, 531
Competition, 649
Competitiveness, 45
Conference sector, 411
Consumer satisfaction, 735
Cooperation, 649
Core–periphery, 127
Costa Rica, 425
Critical approach to tourism, 555
Cruise industry, 425
Cultural consensus analysis, 31
Cultural tourism, 571, 673
Culture, 31
Customer satisfaction, 99

Demand uncertainty, 287
Demography, 269
Destination, 381
Destination advertising, 331
Destination attributes, 243
Destination branding, 345
Destination competitiveness, 167, 531
Destination image, 213, 673, 725
Destination loyalty, 367
Destination management organizations (DMOs), 345
Destination marketing, 345
Destination positioning, 673
Developing countries, 315
Dialogic understanding, 499
Disciplinary canonicity, 499
Disconnectedness, 127
Discrete choice experiments, 147
Distance, 183
Dubai tourism, 57
Dubai tourism demand, 57

Economic development, 127
Economic growth, 435, 663
Economic impact, 425
Education, 263
Egypt, 45
Elasticity values, 447
Emerging markets, 273

Enunciation, 743

Expenditure, 425
Explicit attitudes, 299

Family holidays, 555
Fantasmatics, 499
Fijian Highlanders, 31
Florence, 601
Forecasting models, 701
Future intentions, 713

Game theory, 287
Gaming motivation, 197
GDP, 485
Generation Y, 735
Global positioning systems, 71
Globalization, 89, 269

Halal tourism, 461
Happiness, 399
Heterogeneity, 147
Hospitality, 269
Hospitality industry, 689
Hospitality training, 273
Host community attitudes, 471
Hot springs tourism, 531
Hotel, 461
Hotel advertising, 331
Hotel marketing, 331
Hotel occupancy, 357
Hybridity, 743

Image, 167
Implicit association test, 299
Implicit attitudes, 299
Importance-Performance Analysis, 227, 411, 673
In-between worlds, 743
Indicators, 45
Individual-based framework, 517
In-flight food, 99
Intercultural communications, 273
International tourism, 253
International tourism demand, 183
International tourist arrivals, 701
Intertextuality, 601
Islamization, 461

Jokes, 3
Jordan, 89

Keynes, 485
Knowledge dimensions, 499

Labor, 269
Lamarckian theory, 471
Latent class models, 147

Leisure time, 663
Low-cost carriers, 617

Marketing, 461
Mauritius, 571
Measurements, 45
Medical tourism, 743
Memorable experience, 637
Modeling, 517
Motivation, 111, 263, 367
Motivation scale development, 197
Multiattribute surveys, 121
Multiplier, 485
Museums, 591
Museum visitation, 147

Nature-based tourist destinations, 71
Need for achievement, 111
Need for affiliation, 111
Need for power, 111
Negative destination experience, 729
Neoclassic growth model, 663
Networks, 649
Network society, 743
New sense/plural sense/multiple sense understandings, 499
Nicaragua, 447
Nigeria, 489
Nonprofit sector, 591

On-site winery festivals, 585
Open to the future understandings, 499
Origin markets, 447

Package holidays, 287
Panel data estimation, 183
Participation, 381
Peripheral, 127
Picture, 399
Planning, 167
Policy, 99
Positive, 399
Postcoloniality, 499
Postevent evaluation, 381
Poverty, 89
Psychological type, 545
Psychology, 399
Pull factors, 213

Quality of life, 121

Regression, 357
Remote, 127
Repeat visitation, 425
Representation, 601
Resident attitudes, 253
Restaurant employees, 111
Revisit intention, 725
Risk analysis, 689
Rupture, 743

Satisfaction, 367, 713, 725
Seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA), 617
Seasonal decomposition, 701
Seemingly unrelated regression (SUR), 447
Segmentation, 147, 213
Senior leisure, 197
Sense of place, 31
Service quality, 713
Shariah, 461
Simulation, 517
Size, 485
Small island, 571
Social exchange theory, 471
Social responsibility, 45
Social tourist experience, 555
Sociocultural, 89
Sociodemographics, 213
Spain, 183
Spatial, 517
Sport event image, 381
Staples thesis, 127
Stopover, 357
Students travel, 263
Study abroad, 263
Sumfest, 357
Supply chain coordination, 287
Sustainability, 387
Systematic risk, 689

Temporal dynamics, 71
Theory development, 591
Thirdspace/Third space, 499
Three-factor theory, 673
Time series analysis, 663
Touch, 331
Touch reference, 331
Tour guide(s), 227, 345
Tourism demand and supply, 617
Tourism destination, 387
Tourism development, 315
Tourism elasticity of demand, 57
Tourism experience, 637
Tourism impacts, 253
Tourism life cycle, 471
Tourism marketing and development, 273
Tourism planning, 315
Tourism revenue, 701
Tourism supply chain, 287
Tourism theories, 3
Tourism, 17, 45, 89, 269, 435, 489, 601, 725
Tourist attractions, 591
Tourist attribution, 729
Tourist loyalty, 729
Tourist motivations, 585
Tourist photography, 3
Tourists, 399
Tourist satisfaction, 729
Tourist segmentation, 545
Tourists' satisfaction, 243
Travel and tourism, 99
Triangulation, 555
Triggers, 471
Turkish Republic of North Cyprus, 411
Typology, 213

Unrestricted error correction model (UECM), 489
Urban forests, 167
Urban policy, 617
Urban tourism, 167

Vacations, 3
Visitor Expectations Type Scales (VETS), 545
Visitor monitoring, 71
Vulnerability, 17, 315

Whole-family methodology, 555
Winery festival destination performance, 585
Worlding, 499
Worldmaking, 601, 743

Zimbabwe, 387

VOLUME 14

Author Index

Airey, D., 587
Aksu, A. A., 115
Aktas, A., 103
Alan, A. A., 103
Albayrak, T., 115
Alegre, J., 255
Alipour, H., 841
Ambrosie, L., 153

Backlund, E. A., 749
Barros, C. P., 267, 325
Bartolomé, A., 251
Bavik, A., 677
Beer, T., 483
Beeton, S., 153
Beritelli, P., 425
Blake, A., 337
Botti, L., 325
Brailsford, T., 765
Brewer, P., 821
Butler, R., 15

Caber, M., 115
Cahyanto, I., 721
Cai, L., 231
Cang, S., 637
Cansel, A., 677
Chawla, S. K., 573
Christodoulidou, N., 821
Clarke, A., 425
Connolly, D. J., 821
Correia, A., 267
Crotts, J. C., 793
Crouch, G. I., 187
Croy, W. G., 153, 199

Dann, G. M. S., 3
Dash, S., 765
Davidson, M. C., 737
De Haan, T., 523
De Salvo, M., 313
Denizci, B., 65
Dimanche, F., 421
Divisekera, S., 279
Dolnicar, S., 503
Durbarry, R., 375

Ekin, Y., 103
Ekiz, E. H., 677
 
 
 
 

 

Fernández, M., 293
Frew, E., 221
Frost, W., 153
Fuchs, M., 483

Genç, R., 833
Gök, 809
Grasty, K., 691
Gretzel, U., 471

Harrill, R., 231
Hazeldine, M. F., 573
Hinch, T., 15
Hollinshead, K., 139, 537
Höpken, W., 483
Hung, K., 665
Hutchinson, M., 765

Iijima, S., 587

Jamal, T., 471
Jolly, D., 421

Kline, C., 877
Kozak, M., 267

Laing, J. H., 187
Lamont, M., 605
Lau, G., 443
Lee, T. J., 867
Li, X., 515
Lionetti, S., 781
Long, P., 503
Lozano, J., 251, 387

Matthews, A., 165
Mavondo, F. T., 621
McKercher, B., 443
McKinney, W. B., 573
McNamara, K., 557
Mena, M. M., 247
Moyle, B. D., 199
Mueller, S., 457

Naoi, T., 587
Nash, D., 29
Nicolas, J. F., 375
Notaro, S., 313
Nunkoo, R., 241

Okello, M. M., 691
Özdemir, G., 809

Pappu, R., 765
Pearce, P. L., 37
Pena-Boquete, Y., 293
Pennington-Gray, L., 721
Perdue, R. R., 1
Pereira, X., 293
Peters, M., 457, 717
Petrick, J. F., 665
Peypoch, N., 325
Pikkemaat, B., 717
Pirnar, I., 833
Pizam, A., 85
Platenkamp, V., 523
Pointing, J., 175
Portegies, A., 523
Pownall, I., 417
Pratt, S., 337

Quintiliani, F., 353

Raffay, A., 425
Ramkissoon, H., 241
Rasinger, J., 483
Razumova, M., 387
Reisinger, Y., 621, 793
Rey-Maquieira, J., 387
Ritchie, B. W., 765

Saraniemi, S., 209
Sard, M., 251, 255
Schwartz, A., 749
Seetanah, B., 375
Shani, A., 85
Shelton, E. J., 719
Stewart, W., 749

Tasci, A. D. A., 65
Thapa, B., 721
Toksari, M., 651
Toksari, M. D., 651

Ünal, Ö., 127

Valle, E., 401
Van Dijk, P., 49
Vengesayi, S., 621
Vughaingmeh, E. M., 841

Wang, Y., 737
Wearing, S. L., 701
Weaver, P. A., 515
Weiermair, K., 457
Weiler, B., 49
Whenman, A. E., 701
Whitfield, J., 559
Wittmer, A., 425

Xu, Y., 515

Yobesia, M. N., 401
Young, T., 155

Zhang, X., 231

 Subject Index

A priori segmentation, 503
Abiding Law, 538
Aboriginal Australia, 155
Aboriginality, 538
Aging, 665
Almost ideal demand system, 279
Alpine tourism, 457
Animal-based tourist attractions, 85
Animals, 85
Ant colony optimization, 651
Architectural framework, 483
Attitudes, 241, 701
Attractions, 621
Australia, 737, 867
“Australian” Aboriginal being, 538
Australian domestic tourism demand, 279
Authenticity, 165

Baby boomers, 665
Backpackers, 155, 165
Bali, 523
Behavior change, 701
Behavioral intention, 115
Benchmarking, 325
Bicycle tourism, 605
Brand equity, 765
Branding geographic regions, 765
Branding input-output analysis, 65
Brand valuation, 765
Butler tourism area life cycle (TALC), 559

Calibration technique, 749
Cambodia, 523
Cameron and Huppert model, 313
Case study method, 821
Casino gambling, 841
Changing perspectives, 523
Childhood, 187
China, 231
Chinese market, 737
Chinese tour groups, 49
Chinese tourists, 515
Citations, 3
City destinations, 809
Cluster analysis, 637
Codes-of-being, 538
Coercive isomorphism, 821
Comedy festival, 221
Community, 721
Compossibility, 139
Consumer behavior, 267
Consumer-generated media, 471
Contextual learning process, 523
Contingent valuation, 313
Cooperative advertising, 573
Coproduction, 139
Creative class, 471
Creativity, 29
Critical reflection, 425
Cruise industry, 337
Cultural mobility, 457 
Cultural tourism, 127
Culture shock, 29
Cyclical representation, 559
Cyprus, 677

Darshana, 538
Destination attractiveness, 621
Destination attributes, 115
Destination branding, 65
Destination evaluation, 115
Destination image, 209
Destination management, 833
Destination marketing, 809, 833
Destination perception, 737
Destination website, 809
Dialectics of reification, 538
Directional distance function, 325
Discrimination, 293
Domestic tourism demand, 279
Dynamic panel data, 375

Economic growth, 781
Economic impacts, 337
Electronic commerce, 821
Electronic gaming machines (EGMs), 867
Emergent people(s), 538
Empowerment, 15
Enunciation, 538
Environmentally responsible tourists, 503
Environmental quality, 387
Environmental regulation, 387
Ethical perceptions, 85
Evaluation, 425
Executive, 3
Expectation maximization algorithm, 637
Expectations, 199
Experience, 471
Expert surveys, 483
Explanatory logic of tourism, 538

Factor-cluster segmentation, 515
Fantasy, 187
Festival, 221
Focus groups, 483
Forecasting, 651
Freedom, 165
Frontier travel, 187

Gender, 793
Global distribution channels, 821
Green tourism, 503
Grounded theory, 175
Growth machine thesis, 841
Guidebooks, 155, 701

Happiness, 37
Hawaii, 337
Heritage tourism attractions, 49
Hermeneutic circle, 175
Historical district, 587
Homogeneity and symmetry restrictions, 279
Hospitality, 573
Hotel booking, 821

Identity, 165
Image, 199, 221
IMC, 65
Indigenous peoples, 15
Indigenous tourism, 15
Indonesia, 721
Institutional theory, 821
Integrated marketing communication(s), 65, 209
Intelligent tourism, 538
International Academy for the Study of Tourism, 3
International tourism, 231
International tourist demand, 353
Internet distribution channels, 821
Interpretation, 49
Invented reality, 139
Issues, 15
Italy, 127

K-Means, 637

Labor, 781
Laddering analysis, 587
Latent class logit model, 267
Latin America choice, 267
Leader-member exchange, 103
Local communities, 691
Lodging accommodations, 821
Luenberger productivity indicator, 325

Management organizations, 833
Mapping, 443
Market-based evaluation, 765 
Marketing mix, 665
Marketing strategies, 665
Meaning, 721
Means-end-chain (MEC), 241
Media, 187, 199
Mediating vision, 139
Mediation, 155
Mediterranean coastal regions, 353
Members, 3
Mentawai Islands, 175
Methodologies, 425
Minimal impact messages, 701
Mobile information, 425
Mobile tourist guide, 483
Mobilities, 471
Modeling, 651
Modes 1, 2, and 3 of knowledge production, 523
Motivation, 515
Motorcoach, 665
Myth, 187

Night clubs, 677
North Cyprus, 841
Northern circuit, 691

Old sense/new sense, 538
Online travel agencies (OTAs), 821
Optimism, 37
Organizational commitment, 103

Package tourism, 127
Park planning, 749
People, 621
Personal histories, 29
Persuasion, 701
Photograph, 587
Porter hypothesis, 387
Portugal, 325
Portuguese tourists, 267
Positive emotions, 37
Positive psychology, 37
Preprototyping, 483
Price competitiveness indicators, 353
Price dispersion, 255
Principal components analysis, 637
Print media, 221
Private capital, 781
Problem gambling, 867
Productivity, 325
Profiling, 503
Promiscuous “objects,” 538
Protected areas, 199, 701
Public capital, 781
Publications, 3
Publicity management, 209
 
 

 

Recreational use value, 313
Reflexive photography, 721
Reflexivity, 29
Refurbishment, 559
Regional tourism, 337
Rejuvenation, 559
Repertory grid analysis, 587
Representation, 209
Research methods, 231
Residents’ attitudes, 841
Restless/halfway populations, 538
Return on brand investment, 65
Rhetoric, 209
Risk perceptions, 793
ROBI, 65
ROI, 65
Rural tourism, 231

Safety perceptions, 793
Satisfaction, 199
Segmentation, 267
Sex tourism, 677
Sex workers, 677
Slide experiment, 587
Social accounting models, 401
Social economic benefits, 313
South Africa, 375
Special interest tourism, 605
Spirituality, 538
Structural equation modeling, 115
Structured locative independence, 538
Support services, 621
Surfing, 175
Surf tourism, 175
Sustainable tourism, 503

Techniques, 425
Technology, 471
Telephone tracking, 443
The imaginal reach of tourism, 139
Themes, 15
The old business, 538
Three-dimensional fixed-effects panel regressions, 353
Time and motion study, 749
Tour operating industry, 255
Tourism and media, 175
Tourism competitiveness, 387
Tourism contribution, 401
Tourism demand, 375
Tourism destinations, 523
Tourism development, 841
Tourism forecast, 651
Tourism industry, 103
Tourism productivity, 781
Tourism, 293, 573, 665, 721, 833
Tourist experiences, 457
Tourist movements, 443
Tourists, 701
Tourist satisfaction, 691
Tourist space, 175
Travel agencies, 325
Travel intentions, 793
Travel intermediaries, 821
Travel meta-search, 821
Travel motivations, 187
Turkey, 651
Turkish visitors, 127

UK conference sector, 559
UK National Trust, 637
Urban, 443

Values, 241
Vietnam, 523
Visitor counts, 749
Visitor outcomes, 49
Visitor satisfaction, 737

Wage differentials, 293
Well-being, 37
Whole tourism systems, 605
Wildlife conservation, 691
Women’s gambling, 867
Working conditions, 293
Worldmaking, 139

Youth travel, 165

VOLUME 13

Author Index

Agrusa, J., 485
Alonso, A. D., 171
Al-Shorman, A., 511
Altobelli, R. D., 101
Amelung, B., 21
Andereck, K. L., 341
Andersson Cederholm, E., 666
Annis, J., 71
Atomsa, T., 181

Baggio, R., 1
Bahar, O., 143
Barros, C. P., 329
Bender Stringam, 295, 309
Braithwaite, R. W., 103
Bruwer, J., 433
Byun, W.-H., 461

Campo, S., 81
Canally, C., 259
Chen, J. S., 499
Chhabra, D., 591
Chon, K., 387
Cohen, D. A., 171
Cohen, E., 221
Correia, A., 329
Craigwell, R., 427
Crotts, J. C., 157, 435
Crouch, G., 329

D'Amour, D. E., 373
Dekay, F., 271
Denstadli, J. M., 605
Dixon, A. W., 579
Draper, J., 579
Dwyer, L., 445

Feng, R., 317
Filep, S., 661
Francis, L. J., 71
Fraser, R. A., 171

Garau, J. B., 81
Gerdes, Jr., J., 309
Gokovali, U., 143

Hahm, J., 189
Han, H., 387
Han, S.-H., 461
Hancer, M., 473
Harrill, R., 295, 531
Holecek, D. F., 117
Hollinshead, K., 639
Hudson, S., 327
Hyde, K. F., 437

Ingram, L., 531

Jacobsen, J. K. S., 605
Jang, S., 317, 401, 565
Johnson, C., 499
Jones, C., 53

Kerstetter, D., 545
Kim, K., 413
Kim, S. S., 387, 485
Kirk, A., 233
Kozak, M., 143
Krakover, S., 245

Labben, T. G., 499
Lee, T. J., 461
Leiper, N., 103
Litvin, S., 157
Lorde, T., 43

Magablih, K., 511
Mahoney, E., 413
Manka, S. G., 373
McCabe, J. T., 341
McCabe, S., 217
Moore, W., 43, 427
Moss, J., 33
Moss, S. E., 33
Munday, M., 53

Nicholls, S., 21, 117
Nikolova, M., 325
Noh, J., 117
Nyaupane, G. P., 341

Ok, C.-O., 579
Okello, M. M., 373
Ozgur, C., 205
Ozturk, A. B., 473

Park, K.-S., 615
Pearce, D. G., 517
Pham, T. D., 445
Phillips, W., 401
Pinar, M., 205

Ramjee Singh, D., 629
Raven, P, 271
Reddy, M. V., 663
Reisinger, Y., 615
Rideng, A., 605
Robbins, M., 71
Ryan, C., 157
Ryan, C., 33

Sangpikul, A., 281
Saxena, G., 664
Shanka, T., 131
Shcherbina, O., 93
Shembeleva, E., 93
Sirakaya-Turk, E., 531
Spurr, R., 445
Sun, J., 413

Tang, L., 565
Taylor, R., 131
Timothy, D. J., 259
Toh, R. S., 271

Upchurch, R., 189

Van Dijk, P. A., 233

Wang, Y., 189, 245
Weiermair, K., 181
Williams, E., 71
Witsel, M., 103

Yen, I.-Y., 545

Zografos, C., 355

 Subject Index
Activities, 413
Activity, 605
Adaptation, 21
Affective image, 401
Agglomeration, 245
Air travel, 33
Aircraft pollution, 103
Allocation effect, 181
Amboseli National Park, 373
Andaman Sea, 221
Area-wide effect, 181
Attitude scale, 531
Attraction site development, 131
Attribute, 605
Authenticity, 233
Authority, 639
Automated data collection, 309

Beaches disaster, 221
Behavioral intention, 545
Big five, 373
Border, 259
Bubble, 245
Budget evaluation model, 461

Caribbean, 43
Carrying capacity, 511
Casino gambling, 591
Cathedral visitors, 71
Channels, 517
Chaos, 1
Climate change, 21, 117
Climatic suitability, 21
Coastal tourism, 579
Cognitive image, 401
Cohorts, 189
Collaborative representation, 639
Competitive effect, 181
Complex systems, 1
Conferences, 157
Constraints, 341
Consumer heterogeneity, 329
Contrails, 103
Convention and visitor(s) bureau (CVB), 245, 295
Convention center management, 157
Cultural heritage, 511
Cultural tourism events, 461

Database in tourism, 205
Database marketing, 205
Decision-aid, 355
Decision making, 93
Decision support system, 93
Deep acting, 233
Delegate preferences, 157
Demographics, 473
Destination choice, 605
Destination image, 401
Destination management, 517
Destination marketing, 81, 205, 295
Destination marketing organization (DMO), 295
Destination region, 245
Destination satisfaction, 473
Destination tourism, 189
Dining preferences, 499
Distribution, 517
Duration models, 329

Economic contribution, 445
Economic development, 629
Economic modeling, 53
Ecotourism, 103, 281, 355, 373
Emotional labor, 233
Environmental impacts, 103
Ethics, 309
Expected tourism impacts, 545
Expenditure, 387

Festival, 387
Festival market, 413
Festivals in Korea, 461
Forecasting, 43, 579
Foreign direct investment (FDI), 427
Fuzzy number, 461

Globalization/glocalization, 639
Golf, 117

Hawaii, 485
Hedonic value, 565
Holiday, 605
Hotel frequent-guest program members, 271

Image, 189
Impact assessments, 53
Impact perceptions, 591
Impacts, 21
Import content, 629
Independent travel, 437
Industrial mix, 245
Information trust, 565
Intermediaries, 517
International competitiveness in tourism, 181
International tourism, 205
International travel, 615

Japanese tourists, 485
Job-environment characteristics, 233

Kenya, 373
Kizkalesi, 473

Latin America, 329
Leakage rate, 629
Leisure, 341
Life cycles, 33
Local residents, 591
Lodging preferences, 499
Loyalty programs, 271

Management implications, 579
Marketing, 373
Market segmentation, 143
Mathematical modeling, 93
Meethan, 639
Mexico, 259
Michigan, 117
Millennial generation, 189
Moral beliefs, 591
Morality, 591
Motivations, 259, 413
Movies, 189
Multiplier, 629

Natural disasters, 615
Networks, 517
Nonlinear analysis, 1
Northwestern Europe, 21
Novelty-familiarity continuum, 317

Package tourism, 437
Panel causality tests, 427
Paradise, 221
Petra, Jordan, 511
Policy development, 579
Preference, 485
Production/consumption, 639
Psychological types, 71
 
 
 
 
 

 

Reasons for winery visitation, 171
Recreation, 93
Regional Queensland, 445
Region-mix effect, 181
Resident attitudes, 531
Resident's tourism attitude, 545
Resident typologies, 531

Satisfaction, 81, 171, 413, 565
Scale development, 81
Segmentation, 485
Seniors, 341
Shift-Share analysis, 181
Skiing, 605
Skill, 605
Small islands developing states (SIDS), 629
Structural equation modeling, 565
Student travel, 259
Summary evaluation, 545
Suppliers, 517
Surface acting, 233
Survival models, 329
Sustainability, 355
Sustainable tourism, 103, 281, 531
SUS-TAS, 531
Sweepstakes promotions, 205

Taiwan, 545
Temporal perspective, 317
Terrorism, 33
Thailand, 281
Tobit model, 387
Tourism, 33, 93, 329, 427, 511
Tourism demand, 143, 579
Tourism destinations, 1
Tourism satellite account(s), 53, 445
Tourism Studies theory, 639
Tourism supply, 143
Tourist arrivals, 43
Tourist attitude, 401
Tourist nationality, 81
Tourist revisit behavior, 317
Tourist spending, 143, 629
Touristic image, 221
Travel, 341
Travel behavior characteristics, 473
Travel distribution channels, 437
Travel expenditures, 499
Travel risk perception, 615
Travel styles, 437
Tsunami, 221
Turkey, 473

United States, 259
Utilitarian value, 565

Vacation tourism, 437
Value perception, 131
Visitor expectations, 131
Visitor experience, 71, 233
Volatility, 43

Ways of discovering wineries, 171
Weather variability, 117
Web marketing, 295
Web mining, 309
Web spider, 309
Whole tourism systems, 103
Wine, 171
Wine tourism, 171
Winery visitors, 171
Worldmaking, 639

Youth travelers, 499

VOLUME 12
Author Index
Agiomirgianakis, G., 51
Airey, D., 371
Alipour, H., 175
Altinay, L., 1
Altinay, M., 175
Andriotis, K., 51

Baloglu, S., 339, 433
Barros, C. P., 27
Benckendorff, P., 319
Bender, B., 287
Blichfeldt, B. S., 337

Cai, L. A., 463
Campbell, T., 77
Chang, J., 257
Chen, Y.-C., 165
Chhabra, D., 213

Daniels, M. J., 387
Deery, M., 247
Dieke, P. U. C., 27
Dolnicar, S., 447
Dwyer, L., 247

Ekinci, Y., 339, 371, 433
Eraqi, M. I., 39, 191

Fong, C., 221
Fredline, L., 247

Gnoth, J., 339, 345
Guo, Y.-Z., 257
Gursoy, D., 473

 

Harrill, R., 287
Herington, C., 409
Hillman, W., 135
Hines, S., 1
Hollinshead, K., 85
Hosany, S., 371
Hu, C., 149
Humphreys, B. R., 15
Hussain, K., 1, 175
Huybers, T., 447

Jago, L., 247
Jamal, T. B., 85
Jang, S., 149, 319

Kang, H.-H., 165
Kantarci, K., 307
Kendall, K. W., 473
Khan, H., 221
Kim, K., 65

Lee, K., 299
Li, G., 463
Li, X., 271

Madanoglu, M., 485
Marti, B. E., 327
McCleary, K. W., 299
Merrilees, B., 409
Mihalik, B. J., 485
Mihiotis, A., 51
Miller, D., 409
Mitchell, T. K., 77
Morrison, A. M., 149
Moscardo, G., 419
Moufakkir, O., 493
Murphy, L., 419

Nininen, O., 371

O'Leary, J. T., 149

Pechlaner, H., 359
Petrick, J. F., 271
Phillips, L., 397
Phillips, W., 319
Pyo, S., 201

Qiu, H., 463

Raich, R., 359

Saxena, G., 131
Schofield, P., 397
Schwartz, Z., 15
Sheikhani, N., 175
Sirakaya-Turk, E., 339, 433
Smith, C., 409
Spurr, R., 247
Su, C.-J., 257

Toh, R. S., 221

Var, T., 1

Wang, K.-C., 257

Yang, T.-C., 165
Yen, S.-J., 257
Yoo, J. J.-E., 229
Yu, G., 15

Zehrer, A., 231, 359

 

 Subject Index

Accuracy, 15
Activities, 51
Activity dimensions, 149
Alaska, 327
Alps, 359
Alternative tourism, 51
Authenticity, 135

Beach users' perceptions, 175
Benchmarking, 201
Benefits, 485
Bootstrapping, 27
Brand, 345
Brand building process, 371
Brand development, 387
Branding, 433
Brand positioning, 359
Brand strategy, 359
Brand value, 359
Bricolage/bricoleur, 85
Budget prioritization, 149

Capital, 345
Carrying capacity, 175
Central Asia countries, 307
China, 165, 257, 463
City branding, 409
City images, 397
Commoditization, 345
Community attributes, 409
Comparative advantage, 307
Competitive advantage, 307
Competitive brand, 463
Competitiveness, 473
Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), 149
Consumer behavior, 231
Crete, 51
Cruise shipping, 327
Culture, 39

Data Envelope Analysis (DEA), 201
Data patterns, 15
Definition, 247
Demand estimation, 165
Demographics, 485
Destination, 201, 345
Destination benchmarking, 271
Destination branding, 371, 419, 433
Destination image, 319, 419, 463
Destination image management, 447
Destination marketing, 149
Destination personality, 433
Destination positioning branding, 473
Developing country, 1
Development, 191
DMO websites, 271
Domestic travel, 65

Economic measurement, 247
Efficiency, 201
Efficient managerial control and usefulness, 473
Egypt, 191
Embarkation and debarkation ports, 327
Emergent trends, 257
Environment, 39
E-survey, 65
Excess input, 201
Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), 149

Fares, 327
Forecasting, 15 

Geography, 327
Goodness criteria, 85
Group package tour (GPT), 257

Heritage, 493
Heritages, 39
Hierarchial regression, 319
Host images, 433

Image, 307
Image perception, 447
Impacts, 191
Input and output, 201
International travel, 65
Interpretive turn, 85

Japan, 221
Journal quality, 231

Korea, 221

Leisure tourism, 387
Local, 191
Local and regional economic development, 387
Local involvement, 371

Malmquist DEA model, 27
Management, 39
Marketing mix, 257
Market segmentation, 65
Market segments, 463
Mass, 51
Mediterranean countries, 473
Meetings industry, 247
Mega-events, 485
Methodolatry, 85
Methodological process, 271
Motivation, 319

North Cyprus, 175

Occasional tourism, 409
Olympics, 485
Outbound holiday travel, 77

People, 191
Perceptions-based market segmentation, 447
Place, 345
Place branding, 371, 397
Policy-making, 51
Ports-of-call, 327
Portugal, 27
Postcards, 135
Preferences, 51
Pride, 397
Productivity, 27
 
 
 

 

Qualitative research/qualitania, 85

Real exchange rate, 77
Real per capita income, 77
Recreational demand, 409
Regional tourism, 419
Resident community, 397
Residents, 409
Resources, 39

SARS, 165
Satisfaction, 201
Scenic areas and sites, 327
Self/other, 85
Social sustainability, 1
Sports tourism, 213
Stakeholder(s), 1, 213
State tourism, 287
Stoke-on-Trent, UK, 397
Structural equation modeling, 231
Sustainable development, 1
Sustainable tourism planning, 175

Taiwan, 165, 257
Textuality, 85
The Netherlands, 493
Time, 345
Tobit model, 27
Tourism, 15, 39, 165, 191, 327
Tourism attractions, 493
Tourism funding, 287
Tourism models, 287
Tourism organizations, 287
Tourism planning, 213
Tourism satellite account, 247
Tourism stakeholders, 371
Tourism/travel, 85
Tourist, 201
Tourist behavior, 65
Tourist brochures, 135
Tourist motivation, 65
Travel, 135
Travel agencies, 27
Travel photography, 135

Values, 345
Virginia wineries, 299
Visit intention, 319

Windmills, 493
Wine tourism, 299
Wine tours and tastings, 299
World Cup 2002, 221

VOLUME 11
Author Index
Albrecht, W., 95

Bardhi, F., 171
Beaman, J., 397
Beeton, S., 181
Beritelli, P., 241
Bonn, M. A., 211

Carr, A., 165
Cavusgil, S. T., 79
Chang, G.-H. A., 25
Chang, J., 61
Chebat, J.-C., 169
Chi, Y. N., 25
Cooper, C., 169
Crouch, G. I., 241

Dawkins, R., 95
Decrop, A., 189
Dolnicar, S., 199
Du, J., 169

Feighery, W., 1
Foster, T. N., 133
Fournier, H., 137
Fujiwara, A., 319
Furr, H. L., 211

Genc, I. H., 381
Go, F., 169
Gu, H., 367
Gueguen, N., 251
Gursoy, D., 381

 

Hallab, Z., 137
Herington, C., 311
Holden, A., 287
Hsiao, H.-Y., 105
Huang, S., 219
Hunter-Jones, P., 429

Kemperman, A. D. A. M., 221
Kim, S. S., 13
Knowles, T., 430
Koh, K. Y., 115
Kozak, M., 231, 397

Laesser, C., 241
Lee, H., 13
Liang, Y.-W., 105
Lin, Y.-H., 61
Lu, X.-L., 411
Lundevaller, E., 349
Lundgren, A., 349

Mavondo, F., 265
Meng, F., 337
Merrilees, B., 311
Meydan, S. U., 79
Miller, J. R., 381
Morgan, M., 71
Moufakkir, O., 421
Müller, D. K., 349

Perdue, R. R., 337
Peterson, D., 133
Petr, C., 251
Podoshen, J. S., 331
Price, C., 137

Reisinger, Y., 265
Rompf, P., 45
Rosenbaum, M. S., 289
Ryan, C., 75

Sawara, J., 319
Shamsub, H., 95
Singh, D. H. R., 33

Tasci, A. D. A., 79, 231, 297
Timmermans, H. J. P., 221
Timothy, D. J., 13
Toh, R. S., 133
Tsaur, S.-H., 105

Upchurch, R. S., 45

Wall, G., 367
Wearing, M., 145
Wearing, S., 145
Wilkins, H., 311
Woodside, A., 169
Wu, C., 411
Wu, C.-Y., 61

Xiao, G.-R., 411

Zhang, J., 319
Zidda, P., 189
 

 

 Subject Index

Acculturation, 171
Airlines, 381
Answer format effects, 199
Anxiety, 265
Australia, 241

Beijing, 367
Benefits, 221
Biodiversity, 25
Business environment, 105

Caribbean, 33
Caricature, 251
Cayman Islands tourism, 95
China, 367
Complaint management, 231
Consideration set, 337
Consolidation, 133
Consumption practices, 171
Cooperation, 13
Corporate meetings, 133
Cost containment, 133
Critical discourse analysis, 1
Cross-cultural geographical mobility, 171
Cross-cultural research, 199
Cruise-ship tourism, 95
Cultural dimensions, 265
Customer complaints, 231
Customer satisfaction, 231, 311

Decision making, 189
Destination choice, 337
Destination image, 61, 79, 297
Destination management, 231
Destination tourism, 211
Discriminant analysis, 211
Diversity, 1

Economic benefits, 33
Equity theory, 331
Ethnic, 1
Europe, 137
Expenditure analysis, 25

Film-induced tourism, 181
Friends and family, 211
Fuzzy synthetic evaluation, 411

German tourism, 331
Global consumer, 171
Globalization, 171
 
 
 

 

Hawaii, 289
Hedonic consumption, 289
Hospitality, 137
Host culture, 145
Hotel industry, 311

Image change, 297
Image formation, 79, 297
Image improvement, 297
Image management, 79
Image measurement, 79
Image of Turkey, 79
Impacts, 367
Import content, 33
International pleasure trips, 421
International tourism, 241
Interview with an expert, 251
Iraq war, 421

Japanese tourism, 289
Jewish, 331
Jiu Zhaigou, 411

Latent class model, 221
Leakage rates, 33
Likely behavior, 397

Marketing, 71, 367
Market segmentation, 241
Member satisfaction, 45
Microsimulation, 349
Migration, 241
Modeling, 349
Motivations, 137
Movie-induced tourism, 181
Multidimensional timing decisions, 319

9/11, 381
Names, 71
National culture, 265
Neoliberalism, 145
North Korea, 13

Online survey, 61
Operational strategies, 105
Otherness, 145
Outdoor recreation policy, 71
Outsourcing, 133

Peace, 13
Place attachment, 71
Postpurchase behavior, 45
Preferences, 137, 221
Product/service quality, 45
 
 

 

Recommending, 397
Regression analysis, 33
Repeat behavior, 231
Repeat visitors, 289
Research postulates, 251
Residents' perceptions, 411
Response styles, 199
Response variability, 397
Return travel, 397

Safety, 265
SARMAX, 381
SARS, 367
Satisfaction, 211, 397
Segmentation, 189, 221
Self-image congruence, 311
Skiing, 337
Social spaces, 145
South Korea, 13
State parks, 71
Stay-over tourism, 95
Students, 137
Switzerland, 137

Texts, 1
Theme parks, 181
Tobit model, 25
Tourism, 137, 251, 349, 421
Tourism behavior, 319
Tourism development, 115
Tourism entrepreneur, 115
Tourism entrepreneurship, 115
Tourism impacts, 411
Tourism marketing strategy, 95
Tourism shopping, 289
Tourism statistics, 349
Tourism supply, 115
Tourist, 251
Tourist experience, 145
Tourists' typology, 189
Transnational mobile professionals, 171
Travel, 137
Travel agencies, 105
Travel intention, 61, 265
Travel pattern, 349
Travel risk, 265
Typology, 421

Unification, 13
Urban parks, 221
Utility, 319

Vacation club owners, 45
Vector autoregression analysis, 95
VFR, 211
Visitation influence, 297

War and tourism, 331
Wildlife watching, 25

VOLUME 10
Author Index
Abubakar, B., 411
Al-Shorman, A., 377
Aramberri, J., 209
Aziz, A., 79

Berkhout, P. H. G., 211
Bonn, M. A., 165
Brouwer, N. M., 211

Chambers, D., 91
Chang, J. C., 247
Chen, R. J. C., 269
Crotts, J. C., 79, 385
Crouch, G. I., 17

Dai, M., 165
Dann, G. M. S., 3
Ditton, R. B., 257

Eraqi, M. I., 197
Fabeiro, G. P., 97

Goh, L., 369
Gosar, A., 65

Hallab, Z., 393
Hassanien, A., 206
Havitz, M. E., 291
Hollinshead, K., 301

Joseph, S. M., 165

 

Kaufman, T. J., 405
Kemperman, A. D. A. M., 223
Kerstetter, D. L., 137
Khan, H., 369
Kim, H., 85
Kim, K., 393
Kleiven, J., 109, 233
Kozak, N., 361
Kulczycki, C., 421 

Laesser, C., 123
Lagat, B., 151
Lai, C. Y., 247
Legrand, W., 205
Li, X., 349

Magablih, K., 377
McCleary, K. W., 277
McKercher, B., 385
Meng, F., 277

Noy, C., 333

Oh, C.-O., 257
Okello, M. M., 151

Pardellas de Blas, X. X., 97
Perdue, R. R., 1
Peters, M., 123
Ponjé, M. M. W., 223
Prebensen, N. K., 233
Pritchard, M. P., 291
Pyo, S., 187

Richter, L. K., 27
Ritchie, J. R. B., 17

Severt, D. E., 405
Shanka, T., 411, 419
Smeral, E., 55
Smith, S. L. J., 335
Smith, W. W., 331

Thomas, R., 93
Timmermans, H. J. P., 223
Toh, R. S., 369

Upchurch, R. S., 79, 405

Vogelsong, H., 349

Wall, G., 37, 247
Wang, Y., 37
Weaver, P. A., 277
Wishitemi, B. E. L., 151

Xiao, H., 335

Yarnal, C. M., 137
Yen, I-Y., 137
 

 

 Subject Index

Aboriginal endorser, 247
Advertising appeals, 247
Advertising effectiveness, 247
Air transport, 269
Alpen-Adria region, 65
Analytical knowledge, 187
Analytic hierarchy process, 17
Annals of Tourism Research, 335
Attribute ratios, 291
Authenticity, 247

Biodiversity, 151
Bricklaying, 65

Carinthia, 65
Children, 27
China, 37
Cointegration, 369
Collaborative memory, 301
Common destinations, 97
Constraints, 137
Content analysis, 335
Critical incidents, 291
Cross-border regions, 97
Cruise travel, 137
Cultural distance, 385
Cultural production/meaning production, 301
Culture industry, 85

Dance event motivation, 277
Day-tripping, 211
Decision making, 17
Demand measures, 361
Destination competitiveness, 17
Destination image, 393
Development-related displacement, 37

Eclecticism, 3
Ecogeneralists, 165
Economic impact, 55
Economics of ecotourism visitors during growth vs. recession, 165
Elasticities, 369
Event tourism, 277

Factor analysis, 393
Factor-cluster analysis, 277
Factor scores, 361
Festival, 349
Forecasting performance, 257
Friuli-Venetia Giulia, 65

Geographical segmentation, 165
Geography, 65
GIS, 377

Hereness, 301
Heritage tourism, 85, 301
Heterogeneity, 223

Image, 349
Image change, 349
Image measurement, 349
Input-output analysis, 55
Intervention impacts, 269

Japan, 369
Jordan, 377

Kenya, 151, 411
Knowledge management, 187

Leisure time consumption, 55
Leisure, 109
Leisure trips, 223
Loyalty, 123

Machiavellianism, 79
Madeness, 301
Marketing, 197, 411
Mission, 197
Mississippi, 393
Mixed logit model, 223
Motives, 109
Multivariate cointegration, 257

National culture, 385
Nostalgia, 85

Organizational performance, 79
Ownership, 405

PCA, 377
Performance evaluation, 291
Performativity, 301
Personal interaction quality, 123
Planning, 97, 197
Product knowledge, 405
Progress, 3
Protected areas, 151
Public culture, 301

Quasi-experiment, 233

Reality-making, 301
Reference citation, 335
Regional analytical method, 361
Renaissance Festival, 85
Resort development, 37
Reviewing the literature, 3
 

Sales success, 79
SARIMA models, 269
Satisfaction, 405
Scale, 197
Scale construction, 109
Security, 27
Segmentation, 137
Service quality, 123
Singapore, 369
Slovenia, 65
Sociology/anthropology of tourism, 3
Source of ``original'' ideas, 3
Stability, 233
Strategy, 197
Stressfulness and Conservatism Model, 37
Structural equations modeling, 109
Sub-Saharan Africa, 411
Sustainable development, 65

Temporal aspects, 223
Timeshare, 79, 405
Tourism, 65, 187, 197, 369, 411
Tourism achievement, 151
Tourism choice, 17
Tourism demand models, 257
Tourism demand, 55, 269
Tourism index, 377
Tourism potential, 151, 361
Tourism prices, 257
Tourism research, 335
Tourism satellite accounts, 55
Tourism supply, 361
Tourist behavior, 393
Tourist experience, 291
Tourist motivation, 233
Trafficking, 27
Travel policy, 27
Travel, 109

US market, 393

Vacation, 405
Vector error correction models, 257
Visitor satisfaction, 385

Weather, 211
Willingness to pay, 123

Zero-inflated negative binomial count model, 211

VOLUME 9
Author Index
Abelsen, B., 269
Airey, D., 15
Aksu, A. A., 123, 207

Baloglu, S., 299
Beisel, J. L., 187
Borges, M. 77
Bridges, W. C., 129
Burns, P., 137
Butler, R., 15

Campbell, J. M., 141
Chambers, D. P., 241
Chen, J., 229
Cheng, C.-K., 117
Cotter, M. J., 197
Croes, R. R., 255

Delisle, L., 153
Dixon, J., 167
Dritsakis, N., 179
Dwyer, L., 91

Eagles, P. F. J., 1
Edwards, D., 91
Erawan, S. D., 219

Feitelson, E., 23
Figueiredo, R., 77
Fleishman, L., 23
 

Gialetaki, K., 179
Güngören, M., 123

Hassanien, A., 227
Henley, Jr., J. A., 197
Herrington, J. D., 197
Hjalager, A.-M., 139
Hou, J.-S., 285

Inge, C., 167

Jamal, T., 77

Khan, H., 219
Kim, C., 91
Kim, S. S., 103
Kuvan, Y., 309

Lee, S., 355
Lewis, J. B., 153
Lin, C.-H., 285
Livaic, Z., 91
Love, C., 299

MacKay, K. J., 141
Martin, B. S., 129
Mazanec, J. A., 231
McNicol, B. J., 41
Mehmetoglu, M., 269
Mellor, R., 91
Morais, D. B., 285

Narayan, P. K., 321

Oh, C.-O., 355
Oh, Y.-J., 117
Okrant, M. J., 63
O'Leary, J. T., 355
O'Neal, J., 167

Pedersen, J., 365
Petrick, J. F., 103
Pinar, M., 187
Poria, Y., 15

Salomon, I., 23
Shanka, T., 55
Shellito, B. A., 167
Smith, S. L. J., 1

Tao, C.-H., 1
Taylor, R., 55
Telfer, D. J., 367
Thrane, C., 343
Toh, R. S., 219
Tyrrell, T. J., 63

Valliere, W., 129
Var, T., 117
 

 

 Subject Index

Antagonism, 241
Antalya region, 123
Assessment, 141
Attitude measurement, 231
Attraction product, 269
Attractions, 269

Bali, 219
Bounds test, 321

Check, 197
Circumplex model, 299
Cognitive-affective positioning, 299
Cointegration, 321
Cointegration analysis, 179
Collaborative learning, 77
Community development, 153
Competitive position, 231
Convention cities, 299
Correspondence analysis, 55
Cultural diversity, 23
Cultural heritage tourists, 129

Database, 187
Demand, 255
Destination competitiveness, 91
Destination planning and management, 77
Destination promotion, 187
Discourse, 241

Economic analysis, 63
Economic impact analysis, 117
Ecotourists, 1
Environmental impacts, 141
Environmental justice, 285
Error correction model, 179
Events, 55
Expenditures, 129

Factor analysis, 91
Festivals, 55
Fiji tourism, 321
Forest, 309
Forest and tourism, 309
Forest-related tourism, 309
 

George Bush Presidential Library and Museum, 117
GIS, 167
Globalization, 255
Group images, 41

Hegemony, 241
Heritage, 15, 241
Horse racing, 103
Hospitality, 197
Hotel(s), 197, 207

Impact on tourism, 219
IMPLAN, 117
Importance-performance analysis (IPA), 63
Information sources, 55, 129
Input-output analysis, 117
International tourists, 187
Intervention analysis, 355
Involuntary turnover, 207
Involvement, 103

Lodging preferences, 129

Mobil, 197
Modes of transport, 231
Multidimensional scaling analysis, 41
Museum, 269

Nation, 241
National Park, 1
Nature reserves, 23
Nature tourism, 1
Norwegian households, 343

Package tour demand, 343
Parameter stability, 321
Partial correlation analysis, 255
Perceived crowding, 23
Perception, 15
Perceptual mapping, 299
Personal Construct Theory, 41
Presidential Library, 117
Pricing, 197

Recreation, 23, 141
Resident attitudes, 309
Rural tourism, 153
Russian tourists, 123

Sales promotion, 187
Sample-selection models, 343
Segmentation, 103
Self-development, 153
Site, 15
Spatial analysis, 285
STELLA modeling, 77
Support for tourism, 309
Sustainable tourism, 285
Sweepstakes, 187
Systems dynamics, 77

Taiwan, 1
Terrorism, 219
Terrorist attacks, 355
Three-dimensional modeling, 167
Time trend, 255
Tourism, 123, 141, 167, 207, 241
Tourism development, 153
Tourism industry, 91
Tourism marketing, 187
Tourism performance, 255
Tourism planning, 285
Tourism policy, 355
Tourism product, 269
Tourism resort developments, 41
Tourism revenues, 179
Tourism sector, 123
Tourism system simulation, 77
Tourist profiles, 1
Travel behavior, 129
Travel demand, 355
Turnover, 207

Value, 255
Vector quantization, 231
Viewshed, 167
Visitor satisfaction, 269

VOLUME 8
Author Index
Aksu, A. A., 95
Andreu, L., 253
Avci, T., 75

Baker, M. S., 89
Beaman, J., 177
Bigné, E., 253
Bogari, N. B., 137

Caneen, J. M., 237
Chen, J. S., 223
Chon, J., 33
Coenders, G., 15
Correia, A., 165
Cowley, E., 149
Crouch, G. I., 165, 171
Crowther, G., 137

Dann, G. M. S., 1
Dellaert, B. G. C., 153
Dolnicar, S., 119, 227

Ekinci, Y., 197
Espinet, J. M., 15

Fallon, P., 205

Gavcar, E., 99
Giraud, K., 89
González, A., 253
Gountas, J. Y., 125
Gountas, S., 125

Han, Q., 153
Hao, J., 33
Herrmann, M., 89
Hiser, R. F., 89
Hollinshead, K., 267
Huan, T.-C., 177
Hyde, K. F., 183

Jamal, T., 47
Jang, S., 223
Joh, C.-H., 159

Karatepe, O. M., 75
Kemperman, A. D. A. M., 159
Koc, E., 105
Kozak, M., 247, 253
Kozak, N., 75

Lee, J.-H., 47
Louviere, J. J., 171

Marr, N., 137
McGuiggan, R. L., 187
Mehmetoglu, M., 1
Milner, L. M., 89

Niininen, O., 243

Oliver, T., 259
Oppewal, H., 193
Örücü, E., 99

Perdue, R. R., 233
Price, G. G., 143
Pritchard, M. P., 61

Rewtrakunphaiboon, W., 193
Riley, M., 243
Robins, P., 149
Ross, G. F., 211

Saez, M., 15
Schofield, P., 205
Spurr, R., 149

Tarcan, E., 95
Thyne, M., 129
Timmermans, H. J. P., 153, 159

Uysal, M., 217

Van Raaij, W. F., 153
Var, T., 115
Var, T., 33

Williams, J., 217
Woodside, A. G., 149

Yoon, Y., 217

Zins, A. H., 129 

 Subject Index

Activity-based model, 153
Activity pattern, 159
Advertising, 143
Airlines, 125
Airline Web sites, 223
al-Qaida, 267
Appropriation, 267
A priori segmentation, 119
Aristotelian virtues, 211
Association conventions, 171
Atlas/ti, 1
Australian deserts, 267
Australian imaginal, The, 267

Bali bombing, 267
British tourists, 247
Bundling, 193

Change monitoring, 227
Choice, 165
Choice modeling, 171
Comparison research, 247
Compensatory decisions, 177
Competitive advantage, 143
Consideration, 193
Constraints, 187
Consumer behavior, 193
Content/semiotic analysis, 1
Content/semiotic analysis in tourism research, 1
Convention site selection, 171
Cross-cultural research, 253
Cultural tour route, 259
Culture, 99
Customer satisfaction, 75, 197

Decision model, 187
Decision models, 177
Decision support, 153
Demand, 33, 165
Denotation/connotation, 267
Destination bubble, 259
Destination choice, 193
Destination competitiveness, 247
Destination image, 253, 259
Destination loyalty, 243
Destination performance, 247
Distance, 33
Domestic tourism, 105
Dominant representational paradigms, 267

Ecotourism, 143
Ecotourist behavior, 143
E-mail connections, 95
Emotions, 125
Environmental learning, 143
Ethics, 211
Exchange rate, 33
Expectations, 75
Expressive factors, 217
External environment, 177

Factor analysis, 165
First-timer visitors, 205

Game theory, 153
German tourists, 89
Guttman scaling, 129

Hedonic functions, 15
Hospitality, 99
Host community resident attitudes, 129
Hotel management, 99
Hotel pricing, 15
Hotel star grading, 119

Identification, 267
Income, 33
Independent travel, 183
Information search, 177
Information technologies, 95
Instrumental factors, 217
Intent to return, 61
Interaction, 153
Interdisciplinary theory, 47
International tourism, 33
Internet, 95, 153
Islamic culture, 137

Kuta Bay, 267

Latent growth curve models, 15
Lofoten islands, 1
Loyalty, 237

Magisterial gaze, 267
Marketing communications, 105
Marketing strategies, 149
Market segmentation, 223, 227
Market structure analysis, 227
Micro-macro linkages, 47
Modernity, 47
Motivation(s), 137, 165

National airline company, 75
Nationality, 237

Optimum stimulation level (OSL), 243
Organized tours, 259
Orlando, FL, 205
Overall attitude, 197

Package holidays, 193
Path analysis, 61
Perceptions, 75, 165
Perceptual maps, 253
Personality, 187
Personal selling, 105
Preferred meaning, 267
Price, 33

Radical Islamic groups, 267
Random-effect models, 15
Red Centre (of Australia), 267
Regimes of representation, 267
Repeat visitation, 159, 237
Repeat visitors, 205
Return, 237
Route mapping, 259

Sales staff, 105
Satisfaction, 125, 217
Seasonality, 15
Segmentation, 89
Sequence alignment, 159
Service quality, 75, 197
Services, 125
SERVPERF, 75
SERVQUAL, 75
Ski resorts, 233
Social distance, 129
Social interaction, 177, 187
Sociology, 47
Social psychology, 47
Spain, 247, 253
Sport fishing anglers, 89
Stakeholder theory, 233
Structural equation model, 217
Structural equation modeling, 197
Sustainable tourism, 233
Symbolic power, 267

Thailand, 33
Time constraint, 33
Total quality management, 99
Tourism, 137, 165
Tourism consumption systems, 149
Tourism forecasting, 33
Tourism organizations, 99
Tourism production-consumption, 47
Tourist choice, 187
Tourist decision making, 193
Tourist motivations, 47
Tourist perceptions, 253
Tourist performance-expectations, 61
Travel agencies, 95, 105
Travel patterns, 149
Trip satisfaction, 61
Turkey, 247

User preferences, 223

Vacation decision making, 183
Vacation elements, 183
Values, 211
Visitor satisfaction, 205

Western Australia, 61
Word of mouth, 61

VOLUME 7
Author Index
Arnesen, D. W., 277
Ashworth, G., 285

Beaman, J., 115
Birkan, I., 271
Borgers, A., 1

Cavus, S., 259
Clottey, B., 67
Collins, A. B., 151

Eser, Z., 271

Faulkner, B., 177
Fayed, H., 125
Fesenmaier, D. R., 15
Fleenor, C. P., 277
Fletcher, J., 125
Frost, F. A., 139
Fuchs, M., 43

Gavcar, E., 75
Gursoy, D., 75

Harrill, R., 105, 21
Hartmann, R., 85
Hill, A., 115
Holmengen, H., 86
Hu, B. A., 165

Jeng, J., 15
Johnston, R. J., 33

Kemperman, A., 1
Khan, H., 207
Kozak, M., 229

Lee, G., 89
Lee, H.-C., 217
Lee, M., 125
Lee, S. H., 89
Lennon, R., 67
Lloyd, E., 287

Marciszewska, B., 173
Mason, P., 175
Mavondo, F., 55
Morrison, A., 89

O'Leary, J. T., 89, 115, 165

Pechlaner, H., 43
Petrick, J. F., 251
Potts, T. D., 105
Pou, L., 171

Reisinger, Y., 55

Shanka, T., 139
Sharp, J., 165

Tanrisevdi, A., 259
Tideswell, C., 177
Timmermans, H., 1
Toh, R. S., 207, 277
Tyrrell, T. J., 33

Wall, G., 191

Yan, M., 191
Yap, I. S.-L., 207

 

 Subject Index

Activity choice behavior, 1
American Travel Survey (ATS), 165
Australia, 177

Behavioral choices, 217
Bias, 115
Bias change, 115
Boating, 217
British tourists, 229

China, 191
Choice experiment, 1
CIS visitors, 271
Community tourism development, 241
Consumer behavior, 67
Cruise passengers, 251
Cycles, 191

Data availability, 165
Decision facets, 15
Decision heuristics, 15
Destination attributes, 55
Destination choice, 89
Destination choice behavior, 75
Destination management, 43
Destination perceptions, 55

Eastern European travel, 67
Elasticities, 217
Ethnographic research, 241
Extended tourism life cycle, 207

Fluctuations, 191

GATS, 125
German tourists, 229
Globalization, 125
Great Lakes, 217

Hazard model, 1
Heritage tourism, 241

Impact on tourism, 277
Intention to repurchase, 251
International tourism, 139
International trade, 125
International visitors, 177
Irridex model, 259

Knowledge acquisition, 43

Liberalization, 125
Lithuania, 67

Managers' perception on tourism and hotel management education, 151
Market segments, 191
Measuring satisfaction, 271
Methodology, 115
Motivation, 89
Multidestination travel, 177
Multinomial logistic regression, 89
Multinomial logit model, 217

National Household Travel Survey (NHTS), 165
NTA budget, 139
Number of visits, 75

OLS regression, 89

Perceived value, 251
Perceptions of attractions, 75
Perceptions of prices, 75
Perceptions of quality, 75
Promotion budgets, 139
Pull factor, 89
Push factor, 89

Receipts, 139
Regional tourism, 33
Resident attitudes, 259

Salience, 115
Satisfaction, 251, 271
Scale estimation, 115
Seasonality, 191
SERV-PERVAL, 251
Singapore, 277
Skill requirements, 43
Spain, 229
Structural equation modeling, 251
Student study tours, 277
Students' perception on tourism and hotel management education, 151
Sub-Saharan Africa, 139

The social psychology of tourism, 105
Threshold level, 259
Timing and sequencing decisions, 1
Tourism and hotel management curriculum, 151
Tourism and hotel management education, 151
Tourism development, 259
Tourism impacts, 33
Tourism motivation, 105
Tourism organization, 43
Tourism theory, 105
Tourist arrivals, 139
Tourist decision making, 67
Tourist satisfaction, 229
Trade agreements, 125
Travel balance approach, 207
Travel decision making, 15
Travel hierarchy, 15
Travel itinerary, 177
Travel motivation, 55
Travel surveys, 115
Trends, 191
Turkey, 75, 229

Vacation activity, 89
Vietnam, 277
Visitation estimates, 33
Visitor counts, 33

Youth travel market, 55

VOLUME 6
Author Index
Avcikurt, C., 259

Backman, S. J., 223
Baloglu, S., 41
Beaman, J., 81, 171
Bonn, M. A., 139
Bowker, J. M., 203
Brosnan, P., 123
Bruce, D. M., 281

Carabelli, F. A., 185
Chen, J. S., 155
Cheyne, J., 77
Cho, K., 17

Davidson, M., 123
Davies, J., 275

Feighey, W. G., 277
Fesenmaier, D. R., 171
Furr, H. L., 139

Hall, T. E., 1
Hausman, A., 139
Holden, A., 75
Hollinshead, K., 63
Huan, T.-C., 81
Hwang, Y.-H., 171

Iroegbu, H., 155

Jamal, T. B., 63
Jones, A., 279

Kaufman, T. J., 213
Kerstetter, D., 99
Kobotis, A., 149
Kozak, M., 81

Ladki, S. M., 267
Lee, I., 17

MacKay, K. J., 165
Manning, M. L., 123
Marsinko, A., 203
Mason, P., 169
McGehee, N. G., 239

Norman, W. C., 239

O'Leary, J. T., 171
Oren, U., 253

Pennington-Gray, L., 109
Petrick, J. F., 223

Rager, R., 99
Ruohomaa, H., 79

Sadik, M. W., 267
Schofield, P., 167
Shanka, T., 53
Sirakaya, E., 29
Sönmez, S. F., 29
Soybali, H., 259
Spreng, R. A., 109

Teye, V., 29
Timo, N., 123
Toy, D., 99

Var, T., 17, 253
Vassiliadis, C. A., 149

Wang, R. Y., 171
Weaver, P., 213
Woodcock, D. G., 253

Yoon, Y., 213

Zawacki, W. T., 203
Zein, B., 267
 

 Subject Index

Africa, 29
Africa, 53
Alternative tourism, 239

Benefits sought, 213

Cape Coast, 29
Carrying capacity, 253
Cluster analysis, 213
Cohort analysis, 109
Consciousness-raising, 239
Consumer behavior, 149
Consumers, 139
Consumer satisfaction, 223
Context effects, 1
Contingency modeling, 99
Customer satisfaction, 99, 123

Demand estimates, 171
Demand modeling, 17
Destinations, 53

Earthwatch, 239
E-commerce, 139
Economic impact, 203
Economic valuation, 17
Elmina, 29
Expectancy value model, 149

Factor analysis, 213
Forest landscapes, 185
Format effects, 1

Generation(s), 109, 139
Ghana, 29
Golf, 223

Heritage tourism, 213
Hotels, 123

Intentions to revisit, 223
Internet, 139

Lebanon, 267
Leisure services, 99
Loyalty, 41, 223

Marketing, 109
Markov model, 81
Mediterranean, 41
Middel East, 267
Middle East Peace Process, 267
Multidestination, 41

Nonattitudes, 1

Organizational climate, 123

Pan Arab tourism, 267
Path analysis, 223
Peace, 267
Perceived value, 223
Personal as political, 239
Preservation revitalization, 253
Promotion strategies, 149
Purchase behavior, 139

Recreation, 203
Reliability, 171
Repeat travel, 81
Resident attitudes, 29, 259
Resident perceptions, 259
Resource-based area, 17
Revenue, 123
REVPAR, 123
 

Scenic assessment, 185
Segmentation, 41, 155, 213
Segments, 81
Slogan, 53
Social Exchange Theory, 29
Social movements, 239
Survey research, 1
Sustainable tourism, 253

Temporal aggregation, 171
Tierra del Fuego, 185
Tourism, 53, 109, 185, 203
Tourism development, 29, 259
Tourism impacts, 259
Tourism policy, 29
Tourism skeptics, 155
Tourism supporters, 155
Tourist attractions, 149
Tourist inquiries, 185
Tourists, 53
Travel cost, 203
Travel Cost Model (TCM), 17, 203
Travel patterns, 139
Travel variability, 171
Turkey, 259
Typology, 41

Unique selling proposition, 53
Urban tourism, 155
US In-Flight Survey, 171
User-oriented area, 17

VOLUME 5, 2000
Author Index
Arentze, T., 113
Ateljevic, I., 131

Beaman, J., 91
Beaman, J., 91
Becker, C., 29
Bieger, T., 125
Bonn, M. A., 137
Borgers, A., 113
Bowen, H., 57

Chen, J. S., 197
Crouch, G. I., 69, 97

Daruwalla, P. S., 64
Decrop, A., 203
Dolnicar, S., 163
Doorne, S., 131
Dwyer, L., 1

Ekinci, Y., 197

Fesenmaier, D. R., 13
Forsyth, P., 1
Furr, H. L., 137

Ganglmair, A., 157
Gountas, J. Y., 151
Gountas, S. C., 151

Harrison-Hill, T., 83
Hausman, A., 137
Hudson, S., 69

Jeng, J.-M., 13
Josiam, B., 37

King, R. L., 105
Knowles, T., 62
Kozak, M., 191

Laesser, C., 125
Leisch, F., 163
Louviere, J. J., 97

Mazanec, J. A., 67, 171
McGuiggan, R. L., 145
Mihalik, B. J., 49
Murrmann, S. K., 29

O'Leary, J. T., 91
Oliver, T., 177

Perdue, R. R., 77

Rao, P., 1
Riley, M., 197
Ritchie, J. R. B., 69

Schofield, P., 183
Smith, S., 91

Timmermans, H., 113

Upchurch, R. S., 37

Van Middelkoop, M., 113

Woodside, A. G., 105
Wooliscroft, B., 157

Zins, A. H., 119

Subject Index

Age segments, 137
Association pattern technique, 119
Atlanta Olympic Games, 49
Attitude, 183

Backpackers, 131
Bagged clustering, 163
Behavioral market segmentation, 163
Bias, 91
Bias correction, 91
Bias estimation, 91

Castlefield, 183
Causal models, 171
CHAID MNL models, 113
Choice behavior, 113
Choice modeling, 97
Choice sets, 83
Cognitive distance, 83
Collaborative strategies, 37
Comparison standards, 197
Conjoint analysis, 97
Consumer behavior, 203
Consumer confidence, 77
Crime, 37
Crime prevention, 37
Cultural landscapes, 177
Customer satisfaction, 197

Data analysis, 29
Day trips, 183
Decision-making process, 13
Decision net, 13
Demographics, 145
Destination bubble, 177
Destination competitiveness, 69
Destination images, 77
Destination loyalty, 171
Destination management, 191
Destination marketing, 137, 191
Discrete choice analysis, 97

Equivalence, 29
Expectations, 197
Experiential consumption, 145
Experimental design, 97

Hawaii, 105
Heritage consumers, 183
Heterogeneity, 163
Hierarchical value maps, 119

Industry sector, 1
Information acquisition, 125
Information processing, 77
Information strategy, 125
Instrument development, 29
Internet, 137
Interpretivism, 203

K-Means clustering, 157

Latent class analysis, 171
Leisure choice, 145
Long-haul destinations, 83

Market segmentation, 125
Means-end chains, 119
Multicultural research, 29
Myer-Briggs Type Indicator, 151

Neural networks, 157

Organized tours, 177

Perceived benefits and liabilities, 49
Personality, 145
Personality research, 151
Personatype segmentation, 151
Pleasure travel, 119
Price competitiveness, 1
Purchase-consumption system, 105

Random utility theory, 97
Resident support, 49
Revealed preference, 97
Route mapping, 177
Rule-based approaches, 113

Salience, 91
Sampling techniques, 29
Satisfaction, 183
Segmentation, 157
Service quality, 197
Skiing, 77
Stated preference, 97
Structural equation modeling, 171
Survey, 91
Sustainability, 69

Topology representing networks, 157
Tour routes, 177
Tourism marketing, 13
Tourism, 1, 157
Tourist behavior, 105, 171
Tourist decision making, 83
Tourist roles, 131
Tourist satisfaction, 191
Tourist satisfaction, 203
Tourist trade, 37
Tourist typology, 151
Travel planning, 13
Travel products, 137
Trip profile, 13

Utility-based approaches, 113

Vacation decision making, 203

VOLUMES 1-5
CUMULATIVE AUTHOR AND SUBJECT INDEX

Cumulative Author Index

Airey, D., V3 103 
Allen, J., V4 187
Allen, L., V3 43; V4 173
Arentze, T., V5 113
Armoo, A. K., V4 105
Ashowrth, G. J., V2 66
Ateljevic, I., V5 131
Augustyn M., V4 132

Backman, K. F., V3 89; V4 75, 187, 225 
Backman, S., V4 75
Baker, J. E., V2 135
Baldwin, C. K., V2 1
Baloglu, S., V2 119; V3 117 
Bargeman, B., V4 83
Bauer, T. G., V3 57 
Beaman, J., V2 77; V5 91
Beaman, J., V5 91
Becker, C., V5 29
Bieger, T., V5 125
Bignon, V. N., V3 159 
Bilgin, Z., V1 19
Bonifield, R. L., V1 39
Bonn, M. A., V5 137
Borgers, A. W. J., V4 63; V5 113
Borrie, W. T., V2 175
Bowen, H. E., V3 218; V5 57
Brod, R. L., V2 143
Buhalis, D., V2 139
Buissink-Smith, N., V4 115
Butler, R., V3 103

Chang, H., V3 181 
Chang, S.-H., V3 53 
Chen, J. S., V2 213; V5 197
Choi, B. M., V4 1
Christensen, N. A., V2 143
Connolly, D. J., V4 29
Craigwell, R., V2 55
Crouch, G. I., V5 69, 97

Dalrymple, K., V2 55
Daruwalla, P. S., V5 64
Decrop, A., V5 203
Dellaert, B. G. C., V2 67
Dewar, K., V4 145
d'Hauteserre, A.-M., V4 201
Dimanche, F., V3 173 
Dolnicar, S., V5 163
Doorne, S., V5 131
Dwyer, L., V5 1
 

Ekinci, Y., V5 197
Erickson, R. E., V2 119; V3 117 
Ewert, A. W., V1 59

Faulkner, B., V4 157
Fesenmaier, D. R., V1 39; V3 77; V5 13
Formica, S., V3 197 
Forsyth, P., V5 1
Fox, G., V3 129 
Frauman, E., V2 161
Fredline, E., V4 157
Furr, H. L., V5 137

Ganglmair, A., V5 157
Garcia-Diaz, A., V3 53 
Gitelson, R., V3 209
Goldblatt, J., V2 137
Gountas, J. Y., V5 151
Gountas, S. C., V5 151
Grenier, M., V2 77
Grove, S. J., V2 207

Hamilton-Smith, E., V3 60
Hammitt, W. E., V3 159
Harrill, R., V3 133
Harrison-Hill, T., V5 83
Hausman, A., V5 137
Hawkins, G., V3 89
Hollinshead, K., V1 67, 75; V2 217
Hudson, S., V5 69
Hughes, G., V4 223
Hull IV, R. B., V2 175
Hunter, W. C., V2 229
Hunter-Jones, P., V2 131, 233

Icoz, O., V4 213
Ioannides, D., V3 222
Iverson, D., V4 57

Jeng, J.-M., V1 39; V3 77; V5 13
Joh, C.-H., V4 83
Josiam, B., V5 37
Jurowski, C., V3 17

Kijagulu, A. M. M., V3 143
Kim, S., V3 25
Kim, Y., V2 9
King, R. L., V5 105
Klenosky, D. B., V2 161
Knowles, T., V4 130; V5 62
Kotsi, F., V4 226
Kozak, M., V5 191
Kuentzel, W. F., V3 63

Ladki, S. M., V3 189
Laesser, C., V5 125
Larson, M., V4 157
Lee, C. C., V4 173
Leisch, F., V5 163
Lewis, J. B., V2 91
Liu, X., V3 3
Louviere, J. J., V2 67; V5 97

Martin, B. S., V3 43; V4 47
Mazanec, J. A., 67, V5 171
McCleary, K. W., V4 1
McCool, S. F., V1 29
McGehee, N. G., V1 79; V2 63
McGuiggan, R. L., V5 145
McGuire, F. A., V2 207; V3 43
McIntosh, A., V3 121; V4 115
McLellan, R. W., V2 207
Meyer, D., V4 145
Mihalik, B. J., V5 49
Moisey, R. N., V1 29
Moody, M., V3 173
Morais, D. B., V4 75
Murrmann, S. K., V3 197; V5 29

Noe, F. P., V3 215
Nolte, S., V4 134
Norman, W. C., V2 207; V3 159

O'Leary, J. T., V5 91
Oliver, T., V5 177
Olsen, M. D., V4 29
Oppermann, M., V2 107; V3 115

Pearce, D. G., V1 5; V2 185
Perdue, R. R., V5 77
Pinar, M., V4 95
Potts, T. D., V3 133
Priestley, G. K., V2 185
Prodigalidad, M., V2 67
Pyo, S., V3 181

Ramaswamy, V. M., V3 63
Rao, P., V5 1
Reich, A. Z., V2 37
Riley, M., V5 197
Ritchie, J. R. B., V5 69
Rogers, J. D., V4 95
Roggenbuck, J. W., V2 175
Romilly, P., V3 3

Savitsky, B., V4 187
Schmidt, M., V4 121
Schofield, P., V5 183
Selänniemi, T., V2 129
Sheppard, A. G., V1 49; V2 207; V3 111
Sirakaya, E., V2 17
Smith, G., V4 105
Smith, S. L. J., V4 137; V5 91
Snaith, T., V3 103
Song, H., 3, V3 25
Song, J., V3 181
Spink, J., V3 221
Swarbrooke, J., V3 59

Tavmergen, I. P., V4 213
Timmermans, H. J. P, V4 63, 83, 129; V5 113
Timothy, D. J., V2 235
Tomljenovic, R., V4 157
Trusty, B., V2 133
Turner, L. W., V3 143

Umpleby, S. A., V4 105
Upchurch, R. S., V5 37
Uysal, M., V2 9

Van Der Waerden, P., V4 83
Van Middelkoop, M., V4 63; V5 113
Var, T., V3 53
Vaske, J., V2 77

Waksberg, R., V2 139
Wicks, B. E., V2 1
Wilson, D., V2 61
Woodside, A. G., V5 105
Wooliscroft, B., V5 157

Yavas, B. F., V1 19

Zins, A. H., V4 19; V5 119

Cumulative Subject Index

Adventure tourism, V1 59
Advertisement emotional appeal, V4 75
Age segments, V5 137
American Indians, V2 143
ARIMA modeling, V3 63
Association pattern technique, V5 119
Atlanta Olympic Games, V5 49
Attitude, V5 183
Attractions, V1 5

Backpackers, V5 131
Bagged clustering, V5 163
Ballot box, V2 1
Behavioral market segmentation, V5 163
Bias, V5 91
Bias correction, V5 91
Bias estimation, V5 91
Business travelers, V4 1

Castlefield, V5 183
Causal models, V5 171
CHAID, V4 83
CHAID MNL models, V5 113
Change, V4 29
Cheju island, V3 181
Choice behavior, V5 113
Choice modeling, V5 97
Choice sets, V5 83
Cluster analysis, V1 49; V4 157
Cluster-factor, V1 49
Cognitive distance, V5 83
Collaborative strategies, V5 37
Commodification, V4 201
Community development, V3 63
Community sentiments, V3 17
Community tourism, V3 133
Community tourism development, V4 47
Comparison standards, V5 197
Competitive advantage, V3 63
Complementarity, V4 63
Compliance theory, V2 17
Computer, V3 103
Conflict, V3 89
Conjoint analysis, V2 67; V3 77; V4 19; V5 97
Conjoint measurement, V1 39
Constant-Sum scale, V1 39
Consumer behavior, V5 203
Consumer confidence, V5 77
Cost of hospitality products, V3 189
Crime, V5 37
Crime prevention, V5 37
Cross-section, V1 19
Cultural landscapes, V5 177
Customer satisfaction, V5 197

Data analysis, V5 29
Day trips, V4 63; V5 183
Decision net, V5 13
Decision-making process, V5 13
Demand, V1 5
Demographics, V5 145
Destination attractiveness, V4 173
Destination bubble, V5 177
Destination compatibility, V3 77
Destination competitiveness, V5 69
Destination image, V3 159; V5 77
Destination loyalty, V2 119; V5 171
Destination management, V5 191
Destination marketing, V5 137, 191
Destinations, V2 37
Developing country, V2 107
Dimensionality, V1 49
Disaggregations, V1 59
Discrete choice analysis, V5 97
Discriminant analysis, V2 17
Distance threshold, V4 137
Durability, V2 207
Dynamic linear model, V4 145

Economic development, V3 209
Economic impact analysis, V1 59
Ecotourism, V2 17
Employment, V4 213
Endogeneity of price, V2 9
Environmental interpretation, V2 161
Equivalence, V5 29
Estimation methods, V1 19
European countries, V4 213
Expectations, V5 197
Experience sampling method, V2 175
Experiential consumption, V5 145
Experimental consumption, V3 121
Experimental design, V5 97

Factor analysis, V1 49; V4 157
Factor-cluster, V1 49
Factor-cluster analysis, V3 159
Family member influence, V2 67
Family travel preference, V2 67
Festivals, V4 157
Fiscal capacity, V3 63
Flows, V2 185
Focus groups, V4 121
Formal sector, V2 107
French market, V3 159

Geographic information systems (GIS), V4 187
Global image, V4 201
Global positioning systems (GPS), V4 187
Global warming, V4 145
Government, V3 103
Growth machine theory, V3 43; V4 47
Growth management plant, V4 47

Hawaii, V5 105
Heaping, V2 77
Heritage consumers, V5 183
Heritage tourism, V2 213
Heterogeneity, V5 163
Hierarchical value maps, V5 119
Holidays, V4 63
Hospitality industry, V4 29, 105
Hospitality services, V3 189
Hotel demand, V2 9
Hotel industry, V3 53
Hotels, V1 5; V4 1, 29

Image, V3 173
Industry sector, V5 1
Informal sector, V2 107
Information acquisition, V5 125
Information processing, V5 77
Information strategy, V5 125
Information technology, V4 29
Instrument development, V5 29
Intercept survey, V2 1
International tourism, V3 173; V4 95
Internet, V5 137
Interpretive description method, V4 115
Interpretivism, V5 203

K-Means clustering, V5 157
Korea, V4 1

Laddering, V2 161
Lasting services, V2 207
Latent class analysis, V5 171
Lebanon, V3 189
Leisure choice, V5 145
Leisure railway services, V4 19
Likert scale, V1 39
Linear positioning, V2 37
Linear regression, V2 143
Logistic regression, V2 143
Loglinear analysis, V4 83
Long-haul destinations, V5 83

Mapping, V2 185
Market segmentation, V5 125
Markov analysis, V2 119
Means-end chains, V5 119
Means-end theory, V2 161
Mixed methods, V3 121
Model, V3 103
Modeling, V2 55
Monitoring, V1 29
Motivation(s), V2 213; V3 197; V4 157
Multicultural research, V5 29
Multidestination travel, V3 77
Multidimensional scaling, V3 77
Multiple discriminant analysis, V3 159
Multivariate analysis, V4 121
Myer-Briggs Type Indicator, V5 151

Natural environment, V3 89
Nature-based tourism, V2 161
Neural networks, V4 121; V5 157
New Orleans, V3 173
Nonprobability sample, V2 1
Number of visits, V3 181
Number preference, V2 77

Organized tours, V5 177

Panel data, V3 3
Perceived benefits and liabilities, V5 49
Perceptions, V3 173
Perceptions of tourism impacts, V3 209
Performance assessment, V2 17
Periodic modeling, V3 143
Personal values, V4 1
Personality, V5 145
Personality research, V5 151
Personatype segmentation, V5 151
Place attachment, V3 89
Placement attachment, V4 173
Planning, V3 103
Pleasure travel, V5 119
Political ecology, V3 133
Poolability, V3 3
Positioning, V2 37
Post hoc questionnaires, V2 175
Price competitiveness, V5 1
Product redesign, V4 19
Prototypes, V2 77
Public participation, V3 103
Purchase-consumption system, V5 105
Purchase intentions, V4 75

Qualitative analysis, V4 121
Quality of life, V3 17

Racial differences, V2 143
Random utility theory, V5 97
Recall, V4 75
Recall bias, V2 77
Remoteness, V4 201
Repeat visitors, V3 181; V4 95
Repurchase, V2 207
Resident attitudes, V3 17; V4 47
Resident opinions, V3 103
Resident support, V5 49
Response peaks, V2 77
Retirees, V3 43
Revealed preference, V5 97
Revenue maximization (RM), V3 53
Route mapping, V5 177
Rule-based approaches, V5 113
Rural development, V4 187
Rural tourism, V2 91

Salience, V5 91
Sampling techniques, V5 29
Satisfaction, V2 207; V4 157; V5 183
Scale development, V1 49
Scale interpenetration, V4 201
Seasonality, V3 143
Secondary sources, V1 5
Segmentation, V1 49; V3 197; V5 157
Selection criteria, V4 1
Self-report, V2 175
Sequence alignment method, V4 83
Service encounter, V4 115
Service quality, V3 111; V4 115; V5 197
Services marketing, V2 207
Short breaks, V4 63
Sightseer, V3 89
Skiing, V5 77
Social capital, V3 63
Social groups, V3 197
Social impacts, V1 29
Spain, V2 185
Spatial analysis, V2 185
Standardized residuals, V3 181
Stated preference, V5 97
Strategic aggression, V2 37
Strategic responding, V2 175
Structural equation modeling, V5 171
Structural equation models, V4 19
Subjective criticality, V3 111
Substitution, V4 63
Survey research, V2 175
Survey(s), V1 5; V5 91
Sustainability, V5 69
Sustainable development, V3 133
Sustainable tourism development, V3 43
Switching behavior, V2 119
 

Tactical-level decisions, V3 53
Theory construction, V3 197
Think Tank, V4 29
Time series analysis, V1 19
Topology representing networks, V5 157
Tour routes, V5 177
Tourism, V2 9, 55, 207; V3 17; V4 29; V5 1, 157
Tourism and service sectors, V4 213
Tourism attitudes, V1 29
Tourism benefits, V3 209
Tourism definition, V4 137
Tourism demand, V1 19
Tourism development, V2 91, 143
Tourism forecasting, V3 143
Tourism impact analysis scale, V3 43
Tourism in the Middle East, V3 189
Tourism marketing, V5 13
Tourism models, V2 91; V4 145
Tourism planning, V3 133; V4 187
Tourism space, V2 107
Tourism spending, V3 3
Tourism statistics, V4 137
Tourism surveys, V4 137
Tourism theory, V2 107
Tourist attachment, V4 173
Tourist behavior, V2 213; V5 105, 171
Tourist decision making, V5 83
Tourist roles, V5 131
Tourist satisfaction, V4 95; V5 191; V5 203
Tourist trade, V5 37
Tourist typology, V5 151
Transfer model, V4 145
Travel and tourism, V4 105
Travel as a family tradition, V4 173
Travel intermediaries, V3 173
Travel pattern, V3 181
Travel planning, V5 13
Travel products, V5 137
Traveler motivations, V1 39
Trip profile, V5 13
Turkish tourism, V4 95
Two-stage least squares, V2 9

Unemployment, V4 213
United States, V4 1
Urban tourism, V1 5
Usual environment, V4 137
Utility-based approaches, V5 113

Vacation behavior, V4 83
Vacation decision making, V5 203
Vacation motives, V4 95
Vacationer, V3 89
Visitor monitors, V1 5

Y2K, V4 105
Year 2000 computer crisis, V4 105

Zone of tolerance, V3 111

 

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