Tourism in Marine Environments

Editor: Michael Luck

Volume 10

ISSN: 1544-273X; E-ISSN: 2169-0197

Softbound

4 issues per year

Subscription Level

Aims & Scope

Tourism in Marine Environments is an interdisciplinary journal dealing with a variety of management issues in marine settings. It is a scientific journal that draws upon the expertise of academics and practitioners from various disciplines related to the marine environment, including tourism, marine science, geography, social sciences, psychology, environmental studies, economics, marketing, and many more.

The marine environment has long been one of the most attractive settings for tourism. Marine tourism, as defined by Orams (Marine tourism: Development, impacts and management. Routledge; 1999, p. 9) includes ‘those recreational activities that involve travel away from one’s place of residence and which have as their host or focus the marine environment (where the marine environment is defined as those waters which are saline and tide-affected)’. Thus, it includes a wide spectrum of activities, such as scuba diving and snorkeling, wind surfing, fishing, observing marine mammals and birds, the cruise ship and ferry industry, all beach activities, sea kayaking, visits to fishing villages and lighthouses, maritime museums, sailing and motor yachting, maritime events, Arctic and Antarctic tourism, and many more.

Tourism in Marine Environments aims to contribute to the process of theory building, and to be the leading source for research reports and analysis related to all forms of marine tourism. It is governed by an international editorial board consisting of experts in marine tourism, marine science, and related fields. This board conducts most of the manuscript reviews and therefore plays a large role in setting the standards for research and publication in the field. The Editor-In-Chief receives and processes all manuscripts, from time to time modifies the editorial board, and works to ensure a continuous improvement in quality.

To expedite the review process, all manuscripts submitted to Tourism in Marine Environments (TIME) must be prepared according to the following format.

Send manuscripts to the Editor-in-Chief:  Michael Lück, Associate Professor, School of Hospitality and Tourism, Faculty of Applied Humanities, AUT University, Private Bag 92006, Auckland, New Zealand. Tel: +64  9-917-9999, ext. 5833; Fax: +64 9-917-9962; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Manuscript Submission: Authors are encouraged to submit manuscripts by e-mail (attachment in Word format). Hardcopy manuscripts must be submitted in quadruplicate. They should be typewritten on one side of the paper, double spaced (including references), and should be checked carefully. All rights and permissions must be obtained by the contributor(s). These permissions should be sent upon acceptance of the manuscript for publication.

Writing Style: The paper must be written in the third person and all submissions must be in English. Readers need to grasp information quickly; thus, authors should use straightforward declarative sentences, making every effort to help readers understand the concepts presented. All articles should be comprehensible to all readers, regardless of their areas of specializations and academic backgrounds. Papers may include tables, drawings, charts, or photographs.

Paper Length: Articles should be limited to 5,000-7,000 words. Each figure and table counts for approximately 300 words. Book Reviews, Commentaries, and Research Notes should be between 600 and 1,200 words in length.

Cover Page: This should bear a short informative title (title/subtitle 50 letters maximum). To facilitate blind review, no names or affiliations appear on the cover page.

Title Page: The article title is repeated on the title page, followed by all authors' names and affiliations. The corresponding author should be designated, with complete mailing address, as well as telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address.

Abstracts and Keywords: The article abstract (between 110 and 120 words, including keywords) should state concisely what was done and why, what was found, and what was concluded, and end with a list of up to five keywords pertinent to the central theme.

Text: The paper itself will be composed of three parts: introduction, the study, and conclusion. Headed with an appropriate title, the study (or the main body of the paper) is in turn divided into subtitled sections. The whole submission should be arranged in the following order: cover sheet, title page, abstract and key words, introduction, the study, conclusion, acknowledgment, biographical note, reference list, figure captions, tables. Do not use text footnotes. Extra explanatory material can be included as an Appendix.

Biographical Note: A 65-word biosketch of the author(s) should be included. Manuscripts accepted for publication have to include a biographical sketch (current position, prior significant professional experience, technical interests, education, important activities, and professional affiliations) of all authors.

Abbreviations and Terminologies: These should be fully spelled out and defined when first used in the text.

References: In the text, references are cited using the author/date style following the APA Publication Manual (5th ed.). Examples: (Fennell, 1999) or (Duffus & Dearden, 1990; Hall, 2001, 2002). The reference list, placed at the end of the text, must be typed double-spaced in alphabetical order of authors. A referenced article should contain all authors' names, year of publication, title of the article, name of the publication, volume, and inclusive page numbers. A referenced book should list author name(s), year of publication, title of the book, place of publication, and publisher per the following examples:

  • Journal Article: Orams, M. (1996). An interpretation model for managing marine wildlife-tourist interaction. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 4(4), 81-95.
  • Book: Gill, P., & Burke, C. (1999). Whale watching in Australian & New Zealand waters. Sydney: New Holland Publishers.
  • Book Chapter: Cater, E., & Goodall, B. (1992). Must tourism destroy its resource base? In A.M. Mannion & S.R. Bowlby (Eds.), Environmental issues in the 1990s (pp. 309-323). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Please note that citations such as "personal communication'' should not be included in the reference list, but may be added parenthetically in the text.

Figures: All figures should be prepared in a program that allows saving in .tif or .eps format. (Do not incorporate figures within the text of the manuscript.) Black and white line art (i.e., bar graphs, etc.) should be prepared without color unless the figure is to be printed in color. (Note there is a charge for printing figures in color). Labeling and figure detail should be large enough to be legible after reduction to fit page parameters. Each figure must be cited in the text and legends for all illustrations should be included on a separate page. (Do not incorporate figure legends as part of the figure and figure file.) Place figure legend text at the end of the manuscript file. Include figure (graphic) files as separate files on the final disk.

Tables: Table material should not duplicate the text. Include each table on a separate page at the end of the manuscript or as separate files. Include a title for each table. (Do not incorporate tables within the text of the manuscript.)

Final Accepted Manuscripts: A final hard copy of the revised manuscript, including all tables and figures, along with a disk containing all files (text, graphics, tables) should be mailed to the above address. (Make sure that the hard copy and disk file match exactly and contain the final version of the manuscript.) Label each figure in pencil on the back of the figure with author's name and figure number.

Commentary, Research Notes, and Book Reviews: TME also solicits submission to these Departments. The above general format applies; for any queries prospective contributors are asked to contact the respective Editor. In order to avoid unnecessary delays, please send submissions directly to the appropriate Editor.

Evaluation: TME is a refereed journal. All manuscripts are evaluated by at least two independent referees. The paper evaluation is double blind and anonymous: neither referees nor the authors are aware of each other's identities.

Copyright and Originality: All authors must sign the "Transfer of Copyright" agreement before the article can be published. This transfer agreement enables Cognizant Communication Corp. (CCC) to protect the copyrighted material for the authors, but does not relinquish the author's proprietary rights. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm, or any other reproductions of similar nature and translations, as well as the right to adapt the article for use in conjunction with computer systems and programs, and reproduction of publication in machine-readable form and incorporation in retrieval systems. Authors are responsible for obtaining from the copyright holder permission to reproduce any material for which copyright exists.

Page Proofs/Offprints: Page proofs will be sent to the designated corresponding author before publication. Minor corrections only are allowed at this stage. An offprint order form will accompany the page proof.

Although every effort is made by the publisher and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement appears in this journal, they wish to make it clear that the data and opinions appearing in the articles and advertisements herein are the sole responsibility of the contributor or advertiser concerned. Accordingly, the publisher, the editorial board, editors, and their respective employees, officers, and agents accept no responsibility or liability whatsoever for the consequences of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement.

(Scroll down to view tables of contents for all Volumes and Issues)

Volume 9, Number3-4

SPECIAL ISSUE
7th INTERNATIONAL COASTAL AND MARINE TOURISM CONGRESS
Guest Editors: Marc L. Miller, Jan Auyong, Martijn Smeenge, Ben Offringa, Peter B. Myles, and Michael Lück

Editorial: A Field Focuses on Destinations: Papers From the 7th International Coastal and Marine Tourism Congress
Marc L. Miller, Jan Auyong, Martijn Smeenge, Ben Offringa, Peter B. Myles, and Michael Lück

Segmenting Adventure Tourists: A Cluster Analysis of Scuba Divers in Eastern Australia
Michael K. Tschapka and Christine L. Kern

Environmental Practices of Sea Kayak Guides in British Columbia, Canada
Greg Simmonds and Rob Hood

Managing Dune Landscape Changes at Jockey’s Ridge State Park, North Carolina
Ondrej Mitas, Helena Mitasova, Gene Brothers, and Katherine Weaver

Coastal Route Tourism: A Vehicle for Collaborative Economic Development in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
Peter B. Myles

Stakeholder Collaboration in Tourism Development: The Case of Veerse Meer, The Netherlands
Marinka C. van den Bergh

Marina Impacts on the Local Population and on Tourism Development in Horta (Azores Islands), Portugal
Luís Silveira and Norberto Santos

Volume 9 Subject and Author Index

Volume 9, Numbers 1-2

SPECIAL ISSUE
CROWDING, USE LEVELS, AND SOCIAL CAPACITY ISSUES IN COASTAL AND MARINE ENVIRONMENTS
Guest Editors: Mark D. Needham and Brian W. Szuster

Crowding, Use Levels, and Social Capacity Issues in Coastal and Marine Environments: Introduction to the Special Issue
Mark D. Needham and Brian W. Szuster

Increased Use Levels, Effort, and Spatial Distribution of Tourists Swimming With Dwarf Minke Whales at the Great Barrier Reef
Matthew I. Curnock, R. Alastair Birtles, and Peter S. Valentine

Encounters, Norms, and Crowding at Six Coastal and Marine Areas in Hawai‘i
Mark D. Needham

Perceived Crowding and Encounter Norms of Kayakers in Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Canada
Carleigh Randall and Rick B. Rollins

Normative Evaluations Among Paddlers: A Comparison of Two Dimensions of Experience
Laura E. Anderson and Robert E. Manning

Measuring Variability in Encounter Norms Among Scuba Divers and Snorkelers: An Application of the Potential for Conflict Index2
Jerry J. Vaske, Lauren M. Heesemann, David K. Loomis, and Stuart C. Cottrell

Willingness to Pay to Avoid High Encounter Levels at Dive Sites in the Caribbean
Peter W. Schuhmann, Michelle Cazabon-Mannette, David Gill, James F. Casey, and Adrian Hailey

Stakeholder Perceptions of Indicators of Tourism Use and Codes of Conduct in a Coastal Protected Area in Alaska
Emily F. Pomeranz, Mark D. Needham, and Linda E. Kruger

Volume 8, Number 4

Riding the Wave: History, Definitions, and a Proposed Typology of Surf-Riding Tourism
Mark B. Orams and Nick Towner

Change in Focus of Attention Among Whale-Watch Passengers Occurs as a Function of Temporal Phase of the Tour
Janelle M. Hrycik and Paul H. Forestell

Potential Areas for Whale Watching in Korean Waters
Kyung-Jun Song

REVIEW

Recent Advances in Whale-Watching Research: 2011–2012
Carol Scarpaci and E. C. M. Parsons

Volume 8 Subject and Author Index

Volume 8, Number 3

Value Orientations and Normative Evaluations of Individuals Visiting Coral Reef Areas in Hawai`i
Robyn L. Ceurvorst and Mark D. Needham

Tourists’ Intention of Returning to a Visited Destination: Cruise Ship Passengers in Cartagena de Indias, Columbia
Juan Gabriel Brida and Paolo Coletti

Research Note

Promotion of Ecotourism Principles by Whale-Watching Companies’ Marketing Efforts
Nhial Tiitmamer Kur and Glen T. Hvenegaard

Commentary

Killer Whale Killers
E. C. M Parsons

Review

Recent Advances in Whale-Watching Research: 2010–2011
Carol Scarpaci and E. C. M. Parsons

Volume 8, Numbers 1/2

SPECIAL ISSUE
SCUBA DIVING TOURISM
Guest Editors: Ghazali Musa and Kay Dimmock

Scuba Diving Tourism: Introduction to Special Issue
Ghazali Musa and Kay Dimmock

Diver Characteristics, Motivations, and Attitudes: Chuuk Lagoon
Joanne Edney

Flourishing Through Scuba: Understanding the Pursuit of Dive Experiences
Balvinder Kaur Kler and John Tribe

Exploring Place Attachment: An Underwater Perspective
Emily C. Moskwa

Resource Attributes That Contribute to Nonresident Diver Satisfaction in the Florida Keys, USA
Shona Paterson, Sarah Young, David K. Loomis, and William Obenour

Forming Scuba Diving Environmental Codes of Conduct: What Entry-Level Divers Are Taught in Their First Certification Course
Kelsey M. Johansen and Rhonda L. Koster

Scuba Diving and Marine Conservation: Collaboration at Two Australian Subtropical Destinations
Zan Hammerton, Kay Dimmock, Christine Hahn, Steven J. Dalton, and Stephen D. A. Smith

Dive Tourism in Luganville, Vanuatu: Shocks, Stressors, and Vulnerability to Climate Change
Louise Munk Klint, Min Jiang, Alexandra Law, Terry Delacy, Sebastian Filep, Emma Calgaro, Dale Dominey-Howes, and David Harrison

Volume 7, Numbers 3/4

SPECIAL ISSUE
PAPERS FROM THE 6TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS AND MARINE TOURIMS CONGRESS
Guest Editors: Marc L. Miller, Jan auyong, Michael Lück, Mark Orams, Peter B. Myles, and Jeff Wilks

Editorial—A Field Engages: Papers From the 6th International Coastal and Marine Tourism Congress
Marc L. Miller, Jan Auyong, Michael Lück, Mark Orams, Peter B. Myles, and Jeff Wilks

Aspects of the Legal Environment of Coastal and Marine Tourism in South Africa
Patrick H. G. Vrancken

An Industry in Decline? The Evolution of Whale-Watching Tourism in Hervey Bay, Australia
Sheila Peake

Optimization of Mariculture Sites in the Tourism Area of Seribu Islands, Java Sea, Indonesia
Wiwin Windupranata and Intan Hayatiningsih

Diving Tourism in Mozambique: An Opportunity at Risk?
Yara Tibiriçá, Alastair Birtles, Peter Valentine, and Dean K. Miller

Scuba Diver Perceptions and Evaluations of Crowding Underwater
Brian W. Szuster, Mark D. Needham, and Bixler P. McClure

Successful Interpretation in Great Barrier Reef Tourism: Dive in or Keep Out of it?
Alexandra Coghlan, K. Ruth Fox, Bruce Prideaux, and Michael Lück

Tourism in Regions of Natural Resource Decline: A Newfoundland Case Study
Natalie Springuel

Kia Angi Puku To Hoe I Te Wai: Ocean Noise and Tourism
Emmanuelle Martinez and Mark B. Orams

A Model for Coastal Tourism: The Coast Is All in One’s Mind
Martijn Smeenge and Ben Offringa

Towards a Utilitarian Ethic for Marine Wildlife Tourism
John Dobson

The Learning Tourist: The Role of Identity-Related Visit Motivations
John H. Falk

Volume 7 Subject and Author Index

Volume 7, Number 2

Dive Market Segments and Destination Competitiveness: A Case Study of the Great Barrier Reef in View of Changing Reef Ecosystem Health
Anja Pabel and Alexandra Coghlan

Sex at Sea: Sexual Crimes Aboard Cruise Ships
Ross A. Klein and Jill Poulston

Dolphin Watching at Muscat, Sultanate of Oman: Tourist Perceptions and Actual Current Practice
Louisa S. Ponnampalam

RESEARCH NOTE

Climate Change Workshops for Great Barrier Reef Marine Tourism Operators
Heather Zeppel

Volume 7, Number 1

The Influence of Scuba Divers’ Personality, Experience, and Demographic Profile on Their Underwater Behavior
Ghazali Musa, Wong Tong Seng, Thinaranjeney Thirumoorthi, and Masoud Abessi

Extent and Economic Value of Manta Ray Watching in Maldives
R. Charles Anderson, M. Shiham Adam, Anne-Marie Kitchen-Wheeler, and Guy Stevens

Professional Development Needs in Croatia’s Marine Tourism Industry: Harbormasters Identify the Management Skills That Require Improvements
Ljudevit Pranić and Neven Šerić

RESEARCH NOTE

How Effective Are Posted Signs to Regulate Tourism? An Example With New Zealand Fur Seals
Alejandro Acevedo-Gutierrez, Lisa Acevedo, Olga Belonovich, and Laura Boren

REVIEW

Recent Advances in Whale-Watching Research: 2009–2010
E. C. M. Parsons and Carol Scarpaci


Volume 6, Number 4

Volume 6, Numbers 1-3

Volume 5, Numbers 1-4

Volume 4, Numbers 1-3

Volume 3, Numbers 1-2

Volume 2, Numbers 1-2

Volume 1, Numbers 1-2

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF:

Michael Lück
School of Hospitality and Tourism
Faculty of Applied Humanities
AUT University
Private Bag 92006
Auckland, New Zealand

Commentary/Research Notes Editor
Marc L. Miller,  University of Washington, USA

Book Reviews Editor 
David A. Fennell, Brock University, Canada

EDITORIAL BOARD
Jan Auyong, Oregon State University, USA
Thomas Bauer, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Simon Berrow, Shannon Dolphin and Wildlife Foundation, Ireland
Carl Cater, Aberystwyth University, UK
Peter Corkeron, NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center USA
Philip Dearden, University of Victoria, Canada
Paul Forestell. Southampton College of Long Island University, USA
Brian Garrod, Aberystwyth University, UK
C. Michael Hall, Canterbury University, New Zealand
James Higham, University of Otago, New Zealand
Ross Klein, Memorial University, Canada 
Kevin Markwell,  Southern Cross University, Australia
Gianna Moscardo, James Cook University, Australia
Sue Muloin, Independent Scholar, Australia
David Newsome, Murdoch University, Western Australia
Mark B. Orams, AUT University, New Zealand
E. C. M. Parsons, George Mason University, USA
Ryan Plummer, Brock University, Canada
Liz Slooten, University of Otago, New Zealand
Emma J. Stewart, Lincoln University, New Zealand
Anna Thompson, University of Otago, New Zealand 
Jeffrey Wilks, Tourism Safety, Australia

Author & Subject Indexes: Volumes 1-7  (Scroll down)

Volume 9: Author Index

Anderson, L. E., 53
Auyong, J., 117

Birtles, R. A., 5
Brothers, G., 155

Casey, J. F., 81
Cottrell, S. C., 69
Curnock, M. I., 5

Gill, D., 81

Hailey, A., 81
Heesemann, L. M., 69
Hood, R., 143

Kern, C. L., 129
Kruger, L. E., 95

Loomis, D. K., 69
Lück, M., 117

Mannette, M. C., 81
Manning, R. E., 53
Miller, M. L., 117
Mitas, O., 155
Mitasova, H., 155
Myles, P. B., 117, 169

Needham, M. D. , 1, 19, 95

Offringa, B., 117

Pomeranz, E. F., 95

Randall, C., 35
Rollins, R. B., 35

Santos, N., 193
Schuhmann, P. W., 81
Silveira, L., 193
Simmonds, G., 143
Smeenge, M., 117
Szuster, B. W., 1

Tschapka, M. K., 129

Valentine, P. S., 5
van den Bergh, M. C., 181
Vaske, J. J., 69

Weaver, K., 155

Volume 9: Subject Index

Adventure tourism, 129
Azores Islands, 193

Best management practice, 143

Cluster analysis, 129
Coastal dunes, 155
Coastal route, 169
Codes of conduct, 95
Collaboration, 169, 181
Commercial sea kayaking, 143
Community participation, 169
Conservation, 155
Crowding, 19, 35, 81
Crystallization, 69

Destination image, 117
Destination management, 117
Destination marketing, 117
Development, 193
Dwarf minke whales, 5
Dynamic landscape, 155

Encounter norms, 35, 69
Encounters, 5, 19, 53, 81
Experience, 53

Guide behavior, 143

Horta, 193

Indicators, 19, 95
Involvement, 129

Kayaking, 35

Landscape, 117
Latent capacity, 5
Low impact, 143

Marina, 193
Marine parks, 35
Marine tourism, 81
Motivation, 129

Norms, 19, 53

Paddling, 53
Permits, 5
Potential for Conflict Index2 (PCI2), 69
Prism of sustainability, 95
Pro-poor tourism, 169
Protected areas, 95

Scuba divers, 69
Scuba diving, 81, 129
Snorkelers, 69
Social carrying capacity, 19, 53
Stakeholders, 95, 181
Standards of quality, 19

Tourism, 35
Tourism development, 181
Tourism system, 117

Unified theme, 169
Use levels, 5, 95

Veerse Meer, 181
Visitor impacts, 155
Visitor management, 155

Willingness to pay (WTP), 81

Yachting tourism, 193

Volume 8: Author Index:

Brida, J. G., 127

Calgaro, E., 91
Ceurvorst, R. L., 111
Coletti, P., 127

Dalton, S. J., 77
Delacy, T., 91
Dimmock, K., 1, 77
Dominey-Howes, D., 91

Edney, J., 7

Filep, S., 91
Forestell, P. H., 189

Hahn, C., 77
Hammerton, Z., 77
Harrison, D., 91
Hrycik, J. M., 189
Hvenegaard, G. T., 145

Jiang, M., 91
Johansen, K. M., 61

Kler, B. K., 19
Klint, L. M., 91
Koster, R. L., 61
Kur, N. T., 145

Law, A., 91
Loomis, D. K., 47

Moskwa, E. C., 33
Musa, G., 1

Needham, M. D., 111

Obenour, W., 47
Orams, M. B., 173

Parsons, E. C. M., 153, 161, 207
Paterson, S., 47

Scarpaci, C., 161, 207
Smith, S. D. A., 77
Song, K.-J., 199

Towner, N., 173
Tribe, J., 19

Young, S., 47

Volume 8: Subject Index

Brochures, 145

Cartagena de Indias, 127
Certification courses, 61
Climate change, 91
Coastal, 173
Code of conduct, 161, 207
Common dolphin, 199
Congressional hearing, 153
Conservation, 77, 145, 189
Coral reefs, 111
Cruise industry, 127

Dive tourism, 33, 91

Ecotourism, 145
Education, 189
Encounters, 111
Environmental codes of conduct, 61
Eudaimonia, 19

Florida Keys, 47

Human dimensions, 7

Indicators, 111
Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin, 199
Interpretation, 189

Jeju Island, 199

Killer whale, 153

Learning, 19
Logit, 127

Management, 161, 207
Marine, 173
Marine tourism, 77
Micronesia, 7
Model, 173
Motivations, 7


Norms, 111
NSW volunteer organizations, 77

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 153
Orcinus orca, 153

Personal growth, 19
Place attachment, 33
Place dependence 33
Place identity, 33
Principles, 145
Protected areas, 161, 207

Regulations, 161, 207
Repeat visitation, 127
Republic of Korea, 199

Satisfaction, 47
Scuba divers, 19
Scuba diving, 7, 33, 47, 61, 77
SeaWorld, 153
Shock and stressors, 91
Specialization, 47
Standards of quality, 111
Surfing, 173
Sustainability, 145

Tourism, 189
Trainer deaths, 153

Ulsan, 199

Value orientations, 111
Vanuatu, 91
Vulnerability, 91

Waves, 173
Well-being, 19
Whale watchers, 161, 207
Whale watching, 145, 161, 189, 199, 207
Whaling, 207
Wreck diving, 7

Volume 7

Author Index

Abessi, M., 1
Acevedo, L., 39
Acevedo-Gutierrez, A., 39
Adam, M. S., 15
Anderson, R. C., 15
Auyong, J., 99

Belonovich, O., 39
Birtles, A., 141
Boren, L., 39

Coghlan, A., 55, 167

Dobson, J., 213

Falk, J. H., 223
Fox, K. R., 167

Hayatiningsih, I., 133

Kitchen-Wheeler, A.-M., 15
Klein, R. A., 67

Lück, M., 99, 167

Martinez, E., 191
McClure, B. P., 153
Miller, D. K., 141
Miller, M. L., 99
Musa, G., 1
Myles, P. B., 99

Needham, M. D., 153

Offringa, B., 203
Orams, M. B., 99, 191

Pabel, A., 55
Parsons, E. C. M., 43
Peake, S., 121
Ponnampalam, L. S., 81
Poulston, J., 67
Pranić, L., 29
Prideaux, B., 167

Scarpaci, C., 43
Seng, W. T., 1
Šerić, N., 29
Smeenge, M., 203
Springuel, N., 179
Stevens, G., 15
Szuster, B. W., 153

Thirumoorthi, T., 1
Tibiriçá, Y., 141

Valentine, P., 141
Vrancken, P. H. G., 113

Wilks, J., 99
Windupranata, W., 133

Zeppel, H., 95

Suvbject Index

Activities, 167
Animal ethics, 213

Climate change, 55
Coastal communities, 179
Coastal tourism, 203
Code-of-conduct, 43
Compliance with regulations, 39
Conservation, 39, 99
Crowding, 153
Cruise industry, 67
Cruise ship, 67

Destination management, 55
Development needs, 29
Diving, 55, 153
Diving tourism, 141
Dolphin watching, 81

Economic value, 15
Environmental law, 113
Environmental perceptions, 55
Experience, 1

Fisheries, 179
Free choice, 223

Great Barrier Reef, 55, 167
Guidelines, 81

Harbormasters, 29
Heritage tourism, 179
Hervey Bay, 121
Human rights, 113

Identity, 223
Interpretation, 167

Learning, 223

Maldives, 15
Management, 43, 191
Manta ray, 15
Mariculture, 133
Marine law, 113
Marine management, 29
Marine recreation, 153
Marine tourism, 29, 39, 141
Motivations, 223
Mozambique, 141
Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, 81

Newfoundland, 179
Noise, 191

Optimization, 133

Perception, 81
Personality, 1

Posted sign, 39
Professional needs, 29
Protected areas, 43

Rape, 67
Regulations, 43
Re(Interpretation), 203

Scuba, 153
Scuba dives, 1
Scuba diving, 141
Seribu Islands, 133
Sexual assault, 67
Sexual harassment, 67
Social carrying capacity, 153
Sound, 191
Suitability, 133
Sustainability, 133, 141
Sustainable development, 99
Swim-with-dolphins, 191

Tourism, 81, 223
Tourism governance, 99
Tourism law, 113
Tourism life cycle model, 121
Tourism management, 39

Ubuntu
, 99, 113
Underwater behavior, 1
Utilitarianism, 213

Visitors, 203

Whale watchers, 43
Whale watching, 43, 121, 191
Wildlife tourism, 15, 213

Volume 6

Author Index

Beckley, L. E., 1
Bloom, T., 175
Bonnelly, I., 175
Brown, T., 63

Connelly, N., 63

Dawson, J., 119
Dimmock, K., 145
Draheim, M., 175

Fredman, P., 133

Gelter, H., 185
Gross, S., 11

Heberlein, T. A., 73

Johnston, M. E., 59

Koster, R., 101
Kuehn, D., 25
Kuentzel, W. F., 73

Lemelin, R., 101
Lück, M., 39

Maher, P. T., 185
McAvoy, L. H., 89
Messer, C. C., 139
Metansinine, K., 101

Parsons, E. C. M., 39, 51, 175
Paulrud, A., 161
Payne, R. J., 59
Pelletier, H., 101

Rose, N. A., 51, 175

Sali, M. J., 25
Salk, R., 89
Scarpaci, C., 39
Schneider, I. E., 89, 139
Schuster, R., 25
Scott, D., 119

Ukaga, O., 139

Waldo, S., 161
Woznicka, I., 101

Yuan, M., 133

Subject Index

 

Activity participation, 133
Amenity migration, 73
Angling, 161
Attitudes, 1

Bird watching, 25
Budget cruises, 11

Canada, 101
Climate change, 119
Code of conduct, 39
Comfort, 145
Communication, 89
Community engagement, 139
Company, 161
Component factor analysis, 25
Constraint, 145
Cultural tourism, 89

Demographics, 1
Dolphins, 175
Dominican Republic, 175

easyCruise, 11
Economic impact, 63
Entrepreneurs, 161
Expenditure, 1
Experience, 145
Experience preference, 133

Great Lakes region, 119

Lake Ontario, 63
Lake Superior, 73
Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area (LSNMCA), 101
Low-cost cruises, 11
Low-cost ships, 11
Low-cost strategy, 11

Management, 39, 161
Meaning, 89
Minnesota, 139
Motivations, 25

Negotiation, 145

Protected areas, 39

Recreation, 73
Recreational fishing, 63
Regional tourism opportunities, 101
Regulations, 39
Retirement migration, 73
Revealed choice, 133
Review, 119
Rural tourism, 133

Sacred site, 89
Scuba diving, 145
Sport fishing, 161
Supply, 161
Survey, 161
Sustainable marine mammal tourism, 175
Sustainable tourism, 139

Tourism, 119, 161

Usage patterns, 1

Water-based community, 139
Whale watchers, 39
Whale watching, 39, 175


VOLUME 5

Author Index

Amelung, B., 111
Austin, T. J., 245
Auyong, J., 75

Barton, K., 187
Beckley, L. E., 301
Bell, C. D., 245
Blackwell, B., 145
Blumenthal, J. M., 245
Boren, L. J., 187
Breen, B. B., 101
Breen, D., 101
Briggs, S. V., 15
Broderick, A. C., 245

Cater, C. I., 233
Cater, E., 229
Christensen, A., 271
Coghlan, A., 175
Cottrell, S., 1
Crabtree, B., 29
Craig, R. K., 89

Dearden, P., 287
de Grosbois, D., 342
Dimmock, K., 339

Ebanks-Petrie, G., 245 

Fennell, D. A., 259
Fitzsimmons, C., 159

Gemmell, N., 187
Godley, B. J., 245
Gräupl, A., 75

Hall, N., 121
Horak, S., 131

Inui, Y., 43

Lankford, S. V., 43
Lazarow, N., 145
Lück, M., 55, 75, 319

Maher, P. T., 337
Marusic, Z., 131
Mayes, G., 201
Meisel-Lusby, C., 1
Miller, M. L., 75, 145
Moreno, A., 111
Muloin, S., 215

Needham, M. D., 271
Nicholls, A. O., 15

 

Orams, M. B., 75

Parsons, E. C. M., 55, 75, 319
Prideaux, B., 175

Richins, H., 201
Rose, N. A., 67
Rowe, S., 271

Salgado Kent, C. P., 29
Santamarta, L., 111
Scarpaci, C., 55, 319
Shaughnessy, P. D., 15
Sheppard, V. A., 259
Sillitoe, J., 121
Smallwood, C. B., 301
Szarycz, G. S., 73

Tomljenovic, R., 131

Whittle, A., 43

Yasué, M., 287

Zeppel, H., 215

Subject Index

Alaska, 259
Australian sea lion, 29
Awareness of consequences, 271

Beach, 287
Beach visitation, 111
Breeding, 287

Case study, 121
Cayman Islands, 245
Climate change, 111, 175
Coastal and marine recreation, 43
Coastal planning and management, 145
Code of conduct, 55, 319
Conservations actions, 215
Coral, 89
Coral reefs, 159
Croatia, 131
Crowding, 43, 101
Cruise tourism, 131, 259

Disturbance, 287
Dolphin watching, 201

Economics, 145
Ecotourism, 245
Education, 201
Education benefits, 215
Embodiment, 233
Enjoyment, 159
Environmental behavior, 215
Ethics, 259
Expectations, 1
Experience, 271

Fishing, 301
Florida Keys, 1
Fur seals, 15

Great Barrier Reef, 175, 233
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, 101
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, 175
Guided walk, 187

Impacts, 159
Independent tourists, 187
Interpretation, 201, 215

Law, 89
Level of development, 1
Limits of use, 101

Management, 55, 159, 319
Marine mammal, 187
Marine management, 301
Marine protected area(s) (MPA), 89, 101, 121
Marine reserve, 89
Marine turtles, 245
Marine wildlife, 215
Mexico, 259
Moorings, 301
Motivations, 1, 233
Multiattribute utility models, 121
Multidimensional Ethics Scale, 259

Norm activation, 271

Observation methods, 29

Pinniped tourism, 187
Population monitoring, 245
Proenvironmental behaviors and actions, 201
Protected areas, 55, 319
 

 

Recreation and tourism, 145
Recreational divers, 245
Reef tourism, 175
Regulations, 55, 319
Repeat visit, 131

Sanctuary zone, 29
Scuba diving, 1, 159, 233, 301
Seal swimming, 187
Serious leisure, 145
Shorebirds, 287
Social carrying capacity, 43
Socioeconomic impact, 131
Southeast Asia, 287
Surfing, 145
Surf quality, 145

Tour boats, 15
Tourism, 121

US, 89

Value orientation, 271
Volunteers, 245

Weather, 111
Webcam, 111
Western Australia, 29
Whale watchers, 319
Whale watchers, 55
Whale watching, 271
Whale watching, 319
Whale watching, 55
Wildlife interactions, 15
Wildlife tourism, 15
Wildlife tourism, 29

Zoning, 301

 
VOLUME 4

Author Index

Amelung, B., 121

Barthelmess, K., 113
Beckley, L. E., 15
Briggs, S. V., 41
Buesser, C., 151
Bull, A., 29

Carlsen, J., 135
Carr, A., 167
Courbis, S., 1
Croft, D. B., 41
Crosbie, K., 195

Dawson, J., 69
De Nardi, M., 57

Eagles, P. F. J., 85
 

Gilbert, N., 167
Grenier, A. A., 237

Haase, D., 167 

Jabour, J., 135, 203

Lamers, M., 121
Landau, D., 185
Lemelin, R. H., 97

Macbeth, J., 63
Maher, P. T., 65, 69
Marquez, J. R., 85
McIntosh, A., 167
Muir, S., 135
Mustafa, O., 151

 

Peter, H.-U., 151
Pfeiffer, S., 151
Prior, S. P., 15

Ringer, G., xxx

Serrano, E., 221
Shaughnessy, P. D., 41
Slocombe, D. S., 69
Smale, B., 97
Splettstoesser, J., 185
Stamation, K. A., 41
Stewart, E. J., 65, xxx
Storey, B., 167

Waples, K. A., 41
Wilks, J., 57
Williams, R., 195
Wodarski, R., 57

Subject Index

Antarctica, 121, 185, 203
Antarctic tourism, 167
Antarctic tourist sites, 221
Antarctic Treaty System, 167
Archetypes, 97
Arctic tourism, 69, 113
Attitudes, 15
Australia, 57

Beach safety, 57
Bioeconomic models, 29

Catches, 15
Climate change, 69, 121
Coastal management, 29
Complexity, 69
Compliance, 15
Cruise ships, 85
Cruise ship tourism, 85

Disturbance, 151

East Antarctic tourism, 135
Ecotourism, 41, 97
Environmental impact assessment, 121
Environmental protection, 185
Expenditure, 15

Fisheries, 29
Fishing, 15

Gateway ports, 135
Greenhouse gas emissions, 121

Hawaìi, 1
Hobart, 135
IAATO, 167, 185, 195
Insurance, 203
Interpretation, 41
Interviews, 167

Marine wildlife, 185
Maritime Antarctica, 221
Mining, 113

Nunavut, 85

Parks, 85
Polar bears, 97
Polar region, 85
Protected areas, 85
 

 

Regulation, 167
Research, 195

Search and rescue, 203
Ship-based tourism, 221
South Shetland Islands, 221
Spatial analysis, 151
Spinner dolphin, 1
<i>Stenella longirostris<i>, 1
Surf lifesaving, 57
Sustainability, 29
Swimmer, 1
Systems, 69

Tourism, 29, 57, 121, 185, 195, 203
Tourist management, 151

Vessel, 1
Viewer experience, 97
Visitor, 151

Whale watching, 41, 195
Whaling, 113
Wildlife tourism, 97


VOLUME 3

Author Index

Aksugür, E., 4
Aktas, G., 3
Altinay, M., 49

Barron, P., 89
Biçak, H. A., 49
Bonsall, S., 35
Buerger, R., 163

Cerit, A. G., 1
Currey, R. J. C., 173

Dikou, A., 131
Dobson, J., 15
Draper, D., 77

Erginer, K. E., 43
Erkurt, O., 43

Favro, S., 145

 

Greenwood, A. B., 89
Gunlu, E. A., 3
Günyakti, A., 49

Herstine, J., 163
Hill, J., 163
Horak, S., 145

Içöz, O., 1

Katircioglu, S., 49

Lewandowski, J. K., 179
Lück, M., 179
Lück, M., 75
Lusseau, D., 173

Marusic, Z., 145
Mennis, E., 59

Newsome, D., 101
Nikitakos, N., 59
 

Orsini, J.-P., 101

Paker, S., 43
Parsons, E. C. M., 179, 191
Parsons, E. C. M., 191
Platis, A., 59

Read, A. J., 117
Rose, N. A., 191

Shaughnessy, P. D., 101
Slooten, L., 173
Stavrinoudis, T. A., 25
Stewart, E. J., 77

Taylan, M., 67
Troumbis, A., 131

Udd, E., 197
Ünsan, Y., 67

Whitt, A. D., 117

Subject Index

Alternative energy, 67
Alternative tourism, 131
Arctic Canada, 77
Australian sea lion, 101

Bottlenose dolphin, 117

Carnac Island, 101
Coastal management, 163
Coastal resorts, 3
Code of conduct, 179
Competitiveness, 145
Conservation management procedure, 173
Contingency plans, 3
Crisis management, 3
Crisis, 3
Croatia, 145
Cruise industry, 89
Cruises, 25
Cruise tourism, 77
Cruising, 35

Degree program, 35
Dive industry, 131
Dolphin watching, 117

Education, 117
Excursion boats, 67
Experimental archeology, 43

Fishing ports, 49
 

 

Greece, 25
Greek tourism, 131

Human impacts, 101, 117
Human-wildlife interactions, 101

Integrated coastal management, 77
Itinerary planning, 89

Luxury market, 89

Management, 179
Marina, 145
Marina(s), 35, 49
Marine tourism, 43, 145
Marine wildlife tourism, 15
Maritime culture, 43
Maritime education and training, 43
Maritime leisure, 35
Maritime tourism, 59
Markov models, 59

National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, 163
Nautical tourism, 145
Neophoca cinerea, 101
North Aegean, 131
North Cyprus, 49
Northwest UK, 35

Protected areas, 179

 

Recreation, 163
Regulations, 173, 179
Reliability, 59

Safety, 59
Sail training, 43
Sanctuaries, 173
Sharks, 15
Signs, 163
Skills, 35
Solar cells, 67
State regulation, 15
Sustainability, 173
Sustainable, 77
Sustainable tourism, 49

Timeshare, 25
Tourism management, 163
Tourism, 25, 77, 117
Turkey, 25

Vigilance, 101
Visitor management, 163

Western Australia, 101
Whale watchers, 179
Whale watching, 173, 179
Wildlife disturbance, 101
Wildlife management, 101
Wildlife tourism, 101
Wind energy, 67

Yacht tourism, 49

 
VOLUME 2

Author Index

Andersen, M. S., 111

Barrett, N., 1
Beedie, P., 65

Cheng, J., 39
Confer, J. J., 39

Dobson, J., 133

Ellis, C., 1

Howard, C., 103
Hudson, S., 65

Kadir, S. L. S. A., 89
Kulczycki, C., 45

Lee, L., 89
Lewandowski, J., 119
Lück, M., 119

Maher, P. T., 51
McIntosh, A. J., 51
Miller, M. L., 111
Musa, G., 89

Newsome, D., 23

 

Orchiston, C., 79
Orsini, J.-P., 23

Parsons, E. C. M., 103, 119, 134

Ryan, S., 49

Schmieman, S., 1
Short, C., 139
Steel, G. D., 51
Sutton, S. G., 13

Thapa, B., 39

Wilkinson, P. F., 47

Subject Index

Adventure tourism, 65
Antarctica, 51
Anticipation, 51
Australian sea lion, 23
Awareness, 103

Benthic community, 1
Boating, 13

Carnac Island, 23
Code of conduct, 119
Commodification, 65
Coral reef tourists, 39
Cruise ship, 1

Domestic market, 103

Environmental concern and behaviors, 39
Environmental education, 111
Environmental impact, 1

Fishing, 13

 

Great Barrier Reef, 13

Hammerheads, 89
Human impacts, 23
Human-wildlife interactions, 23

International Whaling Commission (IWC), 119

Layang Layang, 89

Management, 119
Marine reserves, 79
Marine tourism, 79
Marketing, 103
Multiphase experience, 51

Neophoca cinerea, 23
New Zealand, 79

Onboard interpreters, 111

Protected areas, 119

Recreation satisfaction, 13
Regulations, 119

San Juan Islands, 111
Satisfaction, 89
Scotland, 103
Scuba diving, 89
Sea kayaking, 65
Spatial analysis, 79

Taiwan, 39
Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area, 1
Turbulence, 1

Visitors, 51,
Visitor surveys, 23

Washington, 111
Western Australia, 23
Whale watchers, 119
Whale watching, 103, 111, 119
Wildlife disturbance, 23
Wildlife management, 23
Wildlife tourism, 23

 
VOLUME 1

Author Index

Binedell, V., 138
Borch, T., 49

Coory, M., 61
Corkeron, P. J., 41, 89

Dawes, P., 121
Douglas, N., 5
Dowling, R., 67
Dwyer, L., 5

Härkönen, T., 63
Hall, C. M., 63
Harriott, V. J., 29
 

Lewandowski, J., 64
Livaic, Z., 5
Lück, M., 1

McInnis, C., 135
Morgan, D., 97
Murphy, L., 71

Niefer, I. A., 105
Norris, A., 71
Nugegoda, D., 41, 89

Orams, M., 17, 138
Ozanne-Smith, J., 97
 

Parsons, E. C. M., 129, 133
Pendergast, D, 61, 121

Rawles, C. J. G., 129

Scarpaci, C., 41, 89
Sigala, M., 69
Smith, V. L., 137
Staines, C., 97

Wilks, J., 61, 121
Williamson, B., 121

 

Subject Index

Arctocephalus pusillus, 89
Australia, 5
Australian fur seals, 89

Beach safety, 97, 121
Benefit segmentation, 71, 105

Cetaceans, 17
Coastal tourism, 49
Compliance, 41
Crime, 97
Cruise tourism, 5

Death, 97
Dolphins, 17

 

Economic impacts, 5
Ecotourism, 17
Environmental motivation, 129

Great Barrier Reef, 29, 71

Impacts, 29
Injury, 97

Marine fishing tourism, 49
Marine tourism, 29, 71
Marketing, 105

National Park of Superagüi, 105

Recreational fishing, 49

Scotland, 129
Stress, 17
Surf lifesaving, 121
Sustainable management, 49
Sustainable tourism, 105
Swim-with-dolphin operations, 41
Swim-with-seal operations, 89

Tourism, 121
Tourism management, 89
Tourist, 97
Tursiops sp., 41

Visitor's profile, 105

Whale watching, 17, 129

Tourism in Marine Environments (ISSN 1544-273X) is published by Cognizant Communication Corporation, Robert N. Miranda, Publisher, P.O. Box 37, 18 Peekskill Hollow Road, Putnam Valley, NY 10579, U.S.A., Tel (845) 603-6440; Fax (845) 603-6442; Email This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

2014 Subscriptions: Published 4 numbers per year and sold on a calendar basis by the volume number designated for that year. Subscription price now includes full text online. Contact the publisher for subscriber access code.

Institution (Online only) $460
Institution (Online + hard copy) $495
Professional (Online only) $85
ICMTS Member Rate $24 

Back Issues & Back Volumes:
Single back issues (hard copy) $45 each + shipping.  Order here>
Back volumes (Vols 1-9) in online version $300 per volume.  Order here
Back volumes available in hard copy at $350 per volume + shipping. Contact publisher directly for shipping charges.

Download Order Form or order by mail or fax>

Payment by check in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank or by International Money Order. Credit cards accepted: Visa and MasterCard only. Invoices will be issues on receipt of an institutional purchase order.

Pay to the order of:

Cognizant LLC
P.O. Box 37
18 Peekskill Hollow Road
Putnam Valley, NY 10579

*Must be paid by personal check or personal credit card only. No purchase orders accepted.

Publishing Information

Advertisement: Tourism in Marine Environments will accept advertisements. All advertisements are subject to approval by the Editor-in-Chief. For details and rates contact the Publisher.

Copyright Notice: It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this Journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. By submitting a manuscript, the authors agree that the copyright for the article is transferred to the publisher, if an when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microform, or any other reproductions of similar nature and translations. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without permission in writing from the copyright holder.

Photocopying information for users in the USA: The Item Fee Code for this publication indicates that authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use is granted by the copyright holder for libraries and other users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Transactional Reporting Service provided the stated fee for copying beyond that permitted by Section 107 or 108 of the United States Copyright Law is paid. The appropriate remittance of $60.00 per copy per article is paid directly to the Copyright Clearance Center Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. The copyright owner’s consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the publisher for such copying. In case of doubt, please contact Cognizant Communication Corporation.

The Item Fee Code for this publication is 1544-273X/10 $60.00

Copyright © 2011 Cognizant Communication Corporation Printed in the USA

Full text articles available: CLICK HERE>

Back Issues of this journal are available in hard copy at $45 each + shipping.  Order here>

Back volumes of this journal (Volumes 1-9) are available in online version at $300 per volume.  Order here

Request a quotation for availability of hard copy back volumes.

Or order by phone, fax or mail: Download the Journal Order Form>

Cognizant Communication Corporation
P.O. Box 37
Putnam Valley, NY 10579 U.S.A.

Phone: (845) 603-6440
Fax: (845) 603-6442

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

 

Items viewed per month for this Journal through Ingenta Connect: February 2014

Table of Contents: 507
Abstracts: 2,180
Full Text Downloads: 80