Life Support & Biosphere Science

Editor: Harry W. Janes

ISSN: 1069-9422

Softbound

Aims & Scope

Life Support & Biosphere Science International Journal of Earth/Space is designed to meet the needs of an emerging field of study necessitated by the innate human interest in exploration. As mankind stretches the limits of environmental understanding in space, under the sea, and in harsh Earth environments, new lessons are learned that affect our daily travels on spaceship Earth. Small spacecraft and submarines have used physical/chemical measures to recycle clean air and fresh water, and the principles of these small, unforgiving systems are directly applicable to understanding life support on Earth. As plants are added and biospheric systems become larger, basic concepts of cycling of elements and the importance of biodiversity have direct implications for issues of global warming, the protection of endangered species, and clean water requirements. Life Support & Biosphere Science provides a forum for sharing of these concepts among diverse groups, bringing the issues of Earth in touch with the issues of space. The forum will include the written word as a spectrum from news and event summaries to peer-reviewed technical articles. The Journal will meet the needs of Life Support and Biospheric Scientists, those interested in the design and manufacture of air and water systems, and those entrusted with the responsibility for educating the public while entertaining them.

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Harry W. Janes, Director
NJ EcoComplex/NJ-NSCORT Foran Hall
Rutgers University
1200 Florence-Columbus Road
Bordentown, NJ 08505-4200
Phone: 609-499-3600, Ext. 229
Fax: 609-499-3647
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Submissions: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

EDITORIAL BOARD

Abigail Alling, Biospheres LLC, Bonsall, CA
Charles Barnes, Universities Space Research Association, Washington, DC
Sheryl L. Bishop, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galvaston, TX
Charles T. Bourland, NASA/Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX
Peter Chetirkin, Dynamac Corp., Kennedy Space Center, FL
Marc M. Cohen, NASA/Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA
Dudley Crosson, Delta P, Port St Lucie, FL
Joel L. Cuello, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
Guy Fogleman, Life Sciences Division at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC
Patrick M. French, International Space University, Strasbourg Central Campus
Jay Garland, Kennedy Space Flight Center, FL
Josef Gitelson, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA
James Kirk, John Hopkins University, Laurel MD
Craig E. Litton, Wyle Laboratories, Houston, TX
M. Ephimia Morphew, Spacehab/NASA, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX
Mark Nelson, Institute of Ecotechnics, London, UK
Keiji Nitta, Institute for Environmental Science, Aomori, Japan
Linda Plush, c/o Plush Systems Inc./West Palm Inc., Palmdale, CA
Charles Ray, ED62, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL
Monsi Roman, ED62, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL
Dave Romero, Oceaneering Space Systems, Houston, TX
Mark A. Schneegurt, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN
Mary Traweek, ED62, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL
Yael Vodovotz, NASA-Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX
Paul Wieland, ED62, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL
Kanapathipillai Wignarajah, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 239-8, Moffet Field, CA

VOLUME 8

Author Index

Aglan, H. A., 15
Akse, J. R., 55
Allen, J. P., 67, 149, 161
Alling, A., 71, 149, 161
Andrews, C., 33
Atwater, J. E., 55

Barta, D. J., 103
Baruh, H., 43
Both, A. J., 191
Brion, G. M., 9
Bubenheim, D., 161
Bucklin, R. A., 93, 125

Corey, K. A., 93, 103
Cowan, R. M., 181

Dempster, W. F., 149, 155, 161
Dixon, M. A., 199

Ferl, R. J., 83, 93, 137
Fleisher, D. H., 43
Fowler, P. A. 125
 
 

Gan, Y. X., 15
Ge, J., 181
Giacomelli, G. A., 115
Gianfagna, T. J., 173
Gilrain, M. R., 173
Gonzalez-Martin, A., 23, 33
Gurley, W. B., 93Hentges, D. L., 1

Holtsnider, J. T., 55
Hunter, J. B., 199

Janes, H. W., 173

Kang, S., 191
Kim, J., 23, 33

Lasseur, C., 199
Logendra, L. S., 173

Manak, M. S., 83
McGregor, M. L., 181
McKay, C. P., 137
Metz, J. M., 125
Ming, D. W., 137

Nelson, M., 71, 149, 161
Newsom, H. E., 137

Olabi, A., 199

Patrick, N., 15
Paul, A.-L., 83, 93

Rutherford, L. A., 23, 33
Rygalov, V. Y., 125

Sadler, P. D., 115
Salinas, C., 23
Salisbury, F. B., 161
Schuerger, A. C., 93, 137
Sehnke, P. C., 83
Silverstein, J., 9
Silverstone, S., 71, 161

Trachtenberg, M. C., 181
Tu, C., 181

Van Hyfte, J., 33
Van Thillo, M., 71, 149
Vodovotz, Y., 1

Waters, G. C. R., 199
Wheeler, R. M., 103, 125

 

  Subject Index

Advanced life support, 1, 43, 103
Advanced Life Support System (ALSS), 191
Airtight, 155
Alcohols, 55
Ammonium oxidation, 23
Analysis, 55
Arabidopsis, 83
Astrobiology, 137

Beta vulgaris L., 173
Biomass production, 43
Bioreactor, 23, 181
Bioreactor effluent, 23
Bioregenerative, 103
Bioregenerative life support, 115, 199
Biosensor, 83
Biosphere 2, 71, 149
Biospherics, 71
Biospheric systems, 67

Carbon dioxide, 181
Carbonic anhydrase, 181
Cereals, 161
Closed system, 71
Constructed wetlands, 149
Contained liquid membrane, 181
Controlled environment, 173
Crop yields, 161

Database management system (DBMS), 191
Decision support system (DSS), 191

Edible films, 15
Electrochemical reactor, 23
Equivalent system mass, 199
Evapotranspiration, 125

Feedback control, 43
Food nutritional analysis, 191
Food safety, 1
Food systems, 199

Gas separation, 181
Green fluorescent protein (GFP), 83
Greens, 173
Group dynamics, 71

Human challenges, 67
Human factors, 71
Inflatable structure, 115

Iodine, 9

Leakage, 155
Light, 161
Linear programming, 191
Long-term habitation, 67
Low pressure, 93, 125

Manned mission to Mars, 71
Mars, 93, 103, 137, 161
Mars base, 155
Mars greenhouse, 115
Mars hydroponics, 115
Mars lander, 137
Mars on Earth, 149
Mathematical modeling, 43
Mechanical properties, 15
Menu planning, 199
Microscopic features, 15
Model-based control, 43
Molecular responses, 93
Monitoring, 9
MS2, 9
Nutrient reclamation, 149

Optimization, 191
Organic acids, 55
Organic oxidation, 33

Packed-bed reactors, 33
Peanut protein, 15
Phage assay, 9
Photoreactor, 33
Photorespiration, 103
Photosynthesis, 103
Photosynthetic photon flux, 161
Plant biology, 137
Plant growth, 93
Pressure, 155
Promoter, 83

Reduced pressure, 103
Relative humidity, 125

Salad crops, 173
Sealing, 155
Sewage treatment, 149
Soil chemistry, 137
Sorbitol, 15
Soybeans, 1
Space food, 1
Subsurface flow, 149

Telemetry, 83
Titanium dioxide, 33
Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES), 83
Transpiration, 103

Vapor pressure deficit, 125
Volatiles, 1

"Wastewater Gardens," 149
Water cycle, 125
Water polishing system, 33
Water recovery system, 55
Water recycling, 9, 149
Wheat, 161

VOLUME 7, 2000

Author Index

Adams, C. M., 97
Adams, J. L., 41, 62
Adeola, O., 311
Aglan, H., 70
Ahn, D. J., 311
Akse, J. R., 23, 130
Albright, L. D., 57
Allen, J., 273
Alling, A., 149
Anderson, G. A., 33
Andrews, C., 129
Anfield, J., 53
Arch, M., 97
Atwater, J. E., 130
Auslander, D. M., 161, 171

Ballard, T., 100
Balmer, D., 100
Barta, D. J., 42, 46, 57
Bell, M., 59
Biesinger, H. D., 263
Bilanovic, D., 69
Bingham, G. E., 52, 263
Bishop, S., 103
Blackwell, C., 120
Board, K. F., 209
Bonsi, C. K., 53
Boulanger, R. P., 24
Brook, C., 75
Bubenheim, D. L., 263
Bugbee, B., 35, 36, 37, 49, 67

Calhoun, M., 70
Campbell, W. F., 263
Cargioli, T. G., 80
Carrier, C., 42
Case, J. A., 59
Cathings, C., 84
Cavazzoni, J., 50, 107, 115, 116, 119
Chakrabarti, S., 149
Charles, J. B., 98
Chen, F. C., 138
Chernova, L., 263
Christodoulatos, C., 66, 77
Chung, T., 138
Clarke, J. R., 141
Cloutier, G. R., 47, 76, 117, 118 
Collins, R. R., 27
Colón, G., 291, 301
Comaskey, B., 59
Combs, G. F., 88
Conlin, J., 52
Cook, K. L., 209
Coppa, N. V., 125
Corey, K. A., 104
Couch, H., 126
Cowan, R. M., 63, 72, 73, 75, 81
Crawford, S., 105
Cuello, J. L., 55, 56, 59, 60

Denvir, A., 243
Deveau, J. S. T., 39
Dhanasekharan, M., 89
Diaz, L. F., 135
DiNardi, 26
Dixon, M. A., 47, 76, 117, 118
Doerr, D., 141
Domitrovic, R. E., 138
Dougher, T. A. O., 36
Douglas, D. Z., 106
Dreschel, T. W., 64
Drysdale, A. E., 56, 123
Durbin, J., 56
Dustan, P., 149
Dutton, R., 47

Eames, B. K., 52
Eddy, D., 99
Edeen, M., 133
Eick, M., 65
Espinoza, J. P., 130

Farquharson, S., 127
Feighery, J. E., 128
Finn, C., 105, 107, 112, 120
Fleisher, D. H., 119
Flusche, M., 129
Frantz, J. M., 36, 37, 283
Frazier-Atkinson, C., 71
French, J., 99
Freund, F., 134
Fung, G., 109

Garland, J. L., 41, 62, 209
Gartenberg, S., 57
Genovese, J., 126
Giacomelli, G., 29, 30, 50, 119
Gianfagna, T. J., 28, 32, 38, 40
Gilrain, M. R., 63, 72
Glahn, R. P., 88
Goins, G. D., 58, 61
Gonzalez-Martin, A., 129, 131
Grafe, M., 65
Grange, L. H., 91
Greenwalt, C. J., 87, 233, 243
Gregson, C. M., 85
Grider, R., 68
Grodzinski, B., 39, 44, 48
Groeneweg, J., 69
Grossl, P. R., 65
Gutierrez, J. A., 48

Hamilton, C. A., 68
Henderson, K. E., 42, 46
Henninger, D. L., 46
Hentges, D. L., 86, 94, 187, 193
Hilemen, D., 53
Hill, J. H., 53, 106
Hill, W. A., 53
Hoang, C., 80
Hogan, J. A., 63, 72, 73, 75, 79, 81, 107, 111
Holland, M. A., 43
Holtsnider, J., 23
Hooten, T., 67
Hordge, J., 56
Howeler, M., 87
Hsiang, H., 121
Hunter, J., 76, 80, 87, 90, 95, 108, 109, 233, 243

Ijiri, K., 33
Ishikawa, Y., 33
Ivanova, I., 263

Jack, D. A., 59
Jackson, P., 95, 108, 109
Jahns, G., 263
Janes, H. W., 28, 29, 30, 32, 38, 40
Jenkins, D. G., 209
Johnson, C. F., 88
Johnstone, M. B., 44
Joly, R. J., 283
Jones, H., 110, 120
Jordan, K., 55
Jovanovic, G. N., 130
Judkins, J., 41, 62

Kang, S., 107, 111, 121, 122
Kawasaki, Y., 33
Kerkhof, L., 45
Kim, J., 129, 131
Klassen, S., 36, 37, 49
Klauslo, D. M., 33
Kobayashi, K., 33
Koike, J., 33
Kokini, J. F., 89
Korfiatis, G., 77
Kring, J., 100
Kumasaka, K., 50
Kurwitz, C., 137
Kwauk, X., 120

Lacey, R., 51
Langhans, R. W., 88
Lasseur, C., 76, 118
Lee, S., 132, 251
Lee, T.-C., 85, 92
Lee, Y.-H., 127
Lefsrud, M., 29, 30
Lertsiriyothin, W., 73, 74
Leuptow, R. M., 132, 136, 251
Levine, H. G., 31, 64
Levine, L. H., 62
Levinskikh, M. A., 52, 263
Levitsky, D., 90
Levri, J., 105, 107, 112
Li, W., 75
Li, X., 38
Librande, M. T. H., 39
Lin, S., 243
Little, W., 25
Logendra, L. S., 28, 32, 63
Louie, K., 31
Lubicki, P., 134

MacCallum, T. K., 33
Mackowiak, C. L., 65
Maffia, G. J., 125
Manis, R. J., 66
Maryasova, T., 219
Mata-Alvarez, J., 69
Maxwell, S., 91, 113, 123
McKenzie, S., 243
McManus, W. R., 263
Mei, V. C., 138
Mitchell, C. A., 283
Mitra, D., 136
Mizutani, H., 33
Monje, O., 34, 52
Moraru, C., 92
Morphew, E., 100
Morris, C. E., 53
Mortley, D. G., 46, 53, 106
Muhlestein, D. J., 67

Olabi, A., 76, 90, 95, 108, 109
Ono, E., 55, 60
Otto, C., 101
Ozaki, Y., 122

Pace, R., 84
Parker, L., 133
Paty, C., 61
Pawlowski, C. W., 105, 161, 171
Pechurkin, N. S., 219
Peterson, B. V., 54, 78
Pinnock, D., 37
Podolsky, I., 52, 263
Poynter, J. E., 33

Rainey, P., 127
Ramierz, J., 72
Raney, M. E., 102
Rivera, R., 109
Roberts, M. S., 41
Robinson, D. B., 42
Rodriguez, L. F., 124
Rovers, A. P., 90
Ruminsky, K. A., 94, 193
Russell, J. F., 79
Rutherford, L. A., 129, 131

Sager, J. C., 61, 71, 291, 301
Sakano, Y., 45
Salinas, C., 131
Salisbury, F. B., 263
Sanders, T., 133
Savage, G. M., 135
Schaeffer, R. W., 125
Schwille, J. A., 136
Seki, K., 33
Selig, M. J., 80
Shalin, V. L., 325
Sharp, R., 138
Shykoff, B., 141
Sidik, R., 129
Slavin, D. E., 26
Smart, K., 100, 319
Sornchamni, T., 130
Spies, R., 90
Stiles, E., 30
Stodiecklo, L. S., 33
Strickland, D. T., 263
Strom, P. F., 72, 73, 75, 81
Stutte, G. W., 34, 54, 78, 225
Subbarao, G. V., 225
Sugiura, K., 33
Sundstrand, H., 126
Sutton, J., 44
Sytchev, V. N., 52, 263

Tambwekar, J. A., 81
Thomas, A. M., 82
Ting, K. C., 111, 119, 121, 122, 124
Trachtenberg, M., 83
Trevathan, J., 126
Trotman, A. A., 68, 70, 114
Tschanz, R., 47

Vaccari, D. A., 66
Van Hyfte, J., 129
Vaughn, J., 114
Vicens, C., 95
Vittadini, E., 96
Vodovotz, Y., 96

Walton, H., 114
Wang, C., 95
Warkander, D., 141
Watanabe, H., 55
Welch, R. M., 88
Wheeler, R. M., 23, 54, 65, 78, 88, 225
Wijte, A. H. B. M., 106
Williams, R. B., 140
Wise, J. A., 103
Wright, J., 71

Subject Index

Advanced life support, 187, 193, 225, 233, 243
Air regeneration, 203
Amino acids, 311
Anaerobic bioreactor, 291
Artificial biospheres, 273

Balkanine, 263
Biocontrol, 209
Biomass conversion, 243
Biomass production chamber, 291
BIO-Plex, 233
Biosphere 2, 273
Biospherics, 149, 219
Biotic cycle, 219

Chlorella, 203
Closed ecological system, 161, 171
Community complexity, 209
Controlled environments, 283, 311
Coral reefs, 149
Crew rescue, 319
Crop production, 283
Crop residue, 243

Drinking water, 251

Ecological engineering, 273
Ecology, 149, 161
Ecosystem(s), 219, 273
Edible oil, 233
Electrolytic removal, 301
Energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, 263
Environmental control and life support system (ECLSS), 319

 

Food processing, 187
Food safety, 187

Global ecology, 273

Health and vitality, 149
Hierarchical control, 161, 171
Human cognition, 325
Human factors, 319
Human performance challenges, 319
Hydroponics, 283

Life support systems, 325
Long-duration space missions, 193

Mathematical model of ecosystem, 219
Membrane, 251
Menu cycle, 193
Microalgae, 203
Microgravity, 263
Microporous tubes, 203
Mir, 263
Modeling, 171

Nanofiltration, 291
Nitrate, 301
Nutrient recycling, 225
Nutrition, 193, 311

Oil processing, 233

Permeate flux, 291
Photosynthetically active radiation, 283
Physical environment, 325
Physicochemical treatment, 251
Plants, 311
Potassium, 225
Pretreatment, 243
Proteins, 311
Pythium, 209

Remote sensing, 149
Resource recovery system, 301
Reverse osmosis, 251

Saccharification, 243
Sanitation, 187
Satellite, 149
Scanning electron microscopy, 263
Sodium, 225
Sodium management, 225
Sorb-it-Silica™, 263
Substitution, 225
Super Dwarf wheat, 263
Sustainability, 161
Sustainability constraints, 171
Systems, 161

Triticum aestivum, 263

Vigna unguiculata, 283
Volatile fatty acids, 291

Waste processing, 291
Wastewater reclamation, 251
Wheat biomass, 243
Wheat, 209
Work activity, 325

Yield efficiency, 283


VOLUME 6, 1999

Author Index

Adeyeye, S. O., 107
Alim, J. K., 67
Almazan, A. M., 107
Atkinson, C. F., 67

Bartsev, S. I., 123
Bourland, C. T., 9
Boyandin, A. N., 193
Brown, C. S., 97
Bugbee, B., 273

Catling, D., 161
Cavazzoni, J., 273, 279
Clarke, J. R., 239
Cockell, C., 161
Cook, K. L., 141
Cowan, R. M., 169, 181
Croxdale, J. C., 97

Dougher, T., 273

Eksuzian, D. J., 35

Finstein, M. S., 169, 181

Garland, J. L., 141
Gitelson, I. I., 115
Gitelson, J., 209
Goemmer, S. A., 251
Goins, G. D., 97
Gordon, S. E., 107
Guntur, S. V., 153

Hentges, D. L., 61
Hogan, J. A., 169, 181
Holick, M. F., 19
Hunter, J. B., 53

Kargatova, T. V., 193
Kennedy, J. F., 293
Krylova, T. Y., 193

Laipis, P. J., 293
Landers, R. A., 293
Lane, H. W., 5, 13
Lee, T.-C., 39, 87
Levine, H. G., 221
Levine, L. H., 141
Levri, J., 265
Ling, P. P., 279
Loader, C. A., 67, 141
Lobova, T. I., 193

Mackowiak, C. L., 141, 153, 287
Maksimova, E. E., 193
Marr, W. J., 239
McGregor, M. L., 293

Nuckols, M. L., 239

Pace, R. D., 107
Parshina, O. V., 199
Paterson, M., 293
Pechurkin, N. S., 133, 193, 215
Piastuch, W. C., 221
Pis'man, T. I., 133, 215
Pitts, M. J., 73, 259
Polonsky, V. I., 215
Popova, L. Y., 193

Rudolph, F. B., 293
Rygalov, V. Y., 199

Sadovskay, G. M., 215
Sager, J. C., 67, 181
Sarangova, A. B., 133, 215
Sears, E. S., 231
Sherman, A. R., 1
Sidko, F., 209
Silverman, D. N., 293
Smith, R. L., 293
Smith, S. M., 5, 13
Somova, L. A., 133, 215
Sternberger, W. I., 251
Strom, P. F., 169, 181
Stutte, G. W., 73, 259, 287

Terskov, I., 209
Thomas, D., 293
Tibbitts, T. W., 97
Trachtenberg, M. C., 293
Tu, C. K., 293

Vaccari, D. A., 265
Vickers, Z., 29
Vivenzio, H. R., 141
Vodovotz, Y., 1
Volk, T., 273
Volova, T., 209

Waites, H., 161
Walker, P. N., 231
Wheeler, R. M., 97, 153, 287
Willson, R. C., 293

Yorio, N. C., 287

Zasypkin, D. V., 39, 87

Subject Index

Absorption of SO2, 199
Adaptation, 35
Advanced life support (ALS), 87, 141, 273
Ammonium, 73
Anthesis, 259
Artificial ecosystems, 215
Autotroph, 133

Batch crop production, 287
Bioregenerative ALS, 181
Bioregenerative life support, 169 
Bioregenerative life support system (BLSS), 67, 141, 287

Carbon dioxide, 293
CES control, 123
CES forecast precision, 123
CES minimum description, 123
Chamber, 161
Chemical analyses, 67
Chenopods, 153
Closed ecological life support, 293
Closed ecological system (CES), 123
Closed system, 199
CO2 enrichment, 215
Cognitive, 35
Composting process design and control, 181
Composting reactor design alternatives, 169
Computer simulation, 73
Consumer, 133
Controlled ecological life support system (CELSS), 141
Controlled environmental agriculture, 279
Countercurrent reactor, 231
Countermeasures, 35
CROPGRO, 273
Crop model, 279

Diet, 5
Diving, 251

Ecosystems, 161
Effect of SO2, 199
Empirical, 265
Environmental factors, 215
Enzymes, 293
Extrusion, 87

Facilitated transport, 293
Feedback control, 279
Fine grinding, 231
Fluorescence, 199
Food, 1, 39, 87
Food acceptability, 29
Food processing, 53, 61
Food safety, 61
 
 
 
 
 

Genetically modified microorganisms, 193
Georgia Jet sweet potato, 107
Germination, 221
Gray water recycling, 141
Greenhouse, 161

HACCP, 61
Harvest index, 259
Hazard analysis, 61
Heterotroph, 133
Human physiology, 19
Hydroponics, 73
Hyperbaric, 251

Igepon, 141
Imbibition, 221
Insects, 161

Leaching, 67
Life support, 39, 97, 251
Literature review, 169
Long-duration missions, 53
Long-term acceptability, 29

Machine vision sensing, 279
Mars, 161
Mars mission, 1
Mathematical model, 199
Medicine, 35
Microgravity, 5, 19
Mir, 9
Model ecosystems, 193
Modeling, 265
Monitoring, 35, 251

Na recycling, 153
Natural ecosystems, 193
Nutrient recovery, 265
Nutrient recycling, 153
Nutrient requirements, 5
Nutrition, 1

Oxygen levels, 239

pH control, 73
Phasic control, 273
Photosynthetic apparatus of plants, 199
Physical and mental health, 1
Physical conditions, 67
Physiology, 251
Phytic acid, 107
Pigments, 199
Plant motion, 265
Plant simulation, 259
Polynomial, 265
Porous tubes, 221
Potatoes, 97, 287
Preflight studies, 97
Preservation technology, 53
Processing, 39
Producer, 133
Psychology, 35

Realistic scale composting reactor, 181
Respiration, 161
Respiration-coupled system, 239
Response to variation, 215
Rice, 87

Seed germination assay, 67
Seeds, 221
Sensory-specific satiety, 29
Shuttle, 9
Skeletal musculature, 19
Small closed ecosystems, 133
Solid waste treatment/resource recovery, 181
Sonication, 231
Soybean, 141
Soybean modeling, 273
Space, 39, 293
Space food, 9
Space Shuttle, 221
Spatially separated components, 133
Staggered crop production, 287
Strategies, 153
Subambient, 161
Surfactant degradation, 141
Sweet potato greens, 107

Taste tests, 29
TU-82-155 sweet potato, 107
Tuberization, 97

Underwater breathing apparatus (UBA), 239
USML-2, 97

Vegetable crops, 153

Waste treatment/resource recovery, 169
Weightlessness, 5
Wheat, 87, 141, 221, 259

Yecora Rojo, 231
Young adult male Harlan-Sprague rats, 107

Zinc bioavailability, 107


 

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